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Nanostructured lipid carriers as robust systems for topical lidocaine-prilocaine release in dentistry.
Eur J Pharm Sci 2016; 93:192-202EJ

Abstract

In dental practice, local anesthesia causes pain, fear, and stress, and is frequently the reason that patients abandon treatment. Topical anesthetics are applied in order to minimize the discomfort caused by needle insertion and injection, and to reduce the symptoms of superficial trauma at the oral mucosa, but there are still no efficient commercially available formulations. Factorial design is a multivariate data analysis procedure that can be used to optimize the manufacturing processes of lipid nanocarriers, providing valuable information and minimizing development time. This work describes the use of factorial design to optimize a process for the preparation of nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) based on cetyl palmitate and capric/caprylic triglycerides as structural lipids and Pluronic 68 as the colloidal stabilizer, for delivery of the local anesthetics lidocaine and prilocaine (both at 2.5%). The factors selected were the excipient concentrations, and three different responses were followed: particle size, polydispersity index and zeta potential. The encapsulation efficiency of the most effective formulations (NLC 2, 4, and 6) was evaluated by the ultrafiltration/centrifugation method. The formulations that showed the highest levels of encapsulation were tested using in vitro release kinetics experiments with Franz diffusion cells. The NLC6 formulation exhibited the best sustained release profile, with 59% LDC and 66% PLC released after 20h. This formulation was then characterized using different techniques (IR-ATR, DSC, DRX, TEM, and NTA) to obtain information about its molecular organization and its physicochemical stability, followed during 14months of storage at 25°C. This thorough pre-formulation study represents an important advance towards the development of an efficient pre-anesthetic for use in dentistry.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biochemistry and Tissue Biology, Institute of Biology, State University of Campinas - UNICAMP, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: nuneslica@gmail.com.Department of Physiological Sciences, Dental School, UNICAMP, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil.Department of Analytical Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, UNICAMP, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil.Department of Biochemistry and Tissue Biology, Institute of Biology, State University of Campinas - UNICAMP, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.Department of Biochemistry and Tissue Biology, Institute of Biology, State University of Campinas - UNICAMP, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.School of Biomedical Sciences at Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals, Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, King's College London, United Kingdom.Department of Biochemistry and Tissue Biology, Institute of Biology, State University of Campinas - UNICAMP, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27543066

Citation

Ribeiro, Lígia N M., et al. "Nanostructured Lipid Carriers as Robust Systems for Topical Lidocaine-prilocaine Release in Dentistry." European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences : Official Journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 93, 2016, pp. 192-202.
Ribeiro LN, Franz-Montan M, Breitkreitz MC, et al. Nanostructured lipid carriers as robust systems for topical lidocaine-prilocaine release in dentistry. Eur J Pharm Sci. 2016;93:192-202.
Ribeiro, L. N., Franz-Montan, M., Breitkreitz, M. C., Alcântara, A. C., Castro, S. R., Guilherme, V. A., ... de Paula, E. (2016). Nanostructured lipid carriers as robust systems for topical lidocaine-prilocaine release in dentistry. European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences : Official Journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences, 93, pp. 192-202. doi:10.1016/j.ejps.2016.08.030.
Ribeiro LN, et al. Nanostructured Lipid Carriers as Robust Systems for Topical Lidocaine-prilocaine Release in Dentistry. Eur J Pharm Sci. 2016 Oct 10;93:192-202. PubMed PMID: 27543066.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nanostructured lipid carriers as robust systems for topical lidocaine-prilocaine release in dentistry. AU - Ribeiro,Lígia N M, AU - Franz-Montan,Michelle, AU - Breitkreitz,Márcia C, AU - Alcântara,Ana C S, AU - Castro,Simone R, AU - Guilherme,Viviane A, AU - Barbosa,Raquel M, AU - de Paula,Eneida, Y1 - 2016/08/16/ PY - 2016/05/13/received PY - 2016/08/10/revised PY - 2016/08/15/accepted PY - 2016/8/21/entrez PY - 2016/8/21/pubmed PY - 2017/4/18/medline KW - Dentistry KW - Factorial design KW - Lidocaine KW - Nanostructured lipid carriers KW - Prilocaine SP - 192 EP - 202 JF - European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences JO - Eur J Pharm Sci VL - 93 N2 - In dental practice, local anesthesia causes pain, fear, and stress, and is frequently the reason that patients abandon treatment. Topical anesthetics are applied in order to minimize the discomfort caused by needle insertion and injection, and to reduce the symptoms of superficial trauma at the oral mucosa, but there are still no efficient commercially available formulations. Factorial design is a multivariate data analysis procedure that can be used to optimize the manufacturing processes of lipid nanocarriers, providing valuable information and minimizing development time. This work describes the use of factorial design to optimize a process for the preparation of nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) based on cetyl palmitate and capric/caprylic triglycerides as structural lipids and Pluronic 68 as the colloidal stabilizer, for delivery of the local anesthetics lidocaine and prilocaine (both at 2.5%). The factors selected were the excipient concentrations, and three different responses were followed: particle size, polydispersity index and zeta potential. The encapsulation efficiency of the most effective formulations (NLC 2, 4, and 6) was evaluated by the ultrafiltration/centrifugation method. The formulations that showed the highest levels of encapsulation were tested using in vitro release kinetics experiments with Franz diffusion cells. The NLC6 formulation exhibited the best sustained release profile, with 59% LDC and 66% PLC released after 20h. This formulation was then characterized using different techniques (IR-ATR, DSC, DRX, TEM, and NTA) to obtain information about its molecular organization and its physicochemical stability, followed during 14months of storage at 25°C. This thorough pre-formulation study represents an important advance towards the development of an efficient pre-anesthetic for use in dentistry. SN - 1879-0720 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27543066/Nanostructured_lipid_carriers_as_robust_systems_for_topical_lidocaine_prilocaine_release_in_dentistry_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0928-0987(16)30319-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -