Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Pesticide residues in raw agricultural products from the south-eastern region of Poland and the acute risk assessment.
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2016; 67(3):237-45.RP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The use of pesticide leads to the increase in quantity and quality of yields, but may also result in presence of toxic contaminants in food products.

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study was to evaluate presence of pesticide residues in raw agricultural products from the south-eastern region of Poland, to verify their compliance with the maximum residue levels' (MRLs) as specified in the EU regulations concerning products present in the market, and to assess the acute risk related to consumption of these products.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

Samples of raw agricultural products were obtained from production farms as a part of an official premarket monitoring of pesticide residues conducted on behalf of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, implemented in cooperation with the regional Inspectorates of Plant Health and Seed Inspection. The scheduled tests covered determination of 243 chemicals included in residue definitions for purposes of pesticide residues monitoring in or on food of plant origin (229 pesticides).

RESULTS

In 2015, a total of 328 samples of raw commodities collected from the south-eastern region of Poland were analysed for the presence of pesticide residues. Pesticide residues were detected in 84 samples (25.6%), while in 7 samples (2.1%) they exceeded MRLs. Violations of MRLs concerned 2 samples of Peking Cabbage, 3 samples of dill, 1 sample of raspberry and 1 sample of spinach. The pesticide residues were most often found in: fruit (38.3% of all fruit samples), herbs (35.3%) and vegetables (20.0%). The assessed acute exposure did not exceed the 100% acute reference dose (ARfD) in any sample.

CONCLUSIONS

Monitoring of pesticide residues in the agricultural crops prevents penetration of products with MRLs exceeded or containing unacceptable pesticide residues into the market, thus protecting consumers' health.

KEY WORDS

pesticide residues, agricultural products, risk assessment, multiresidue method.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Plant Protection - National Research Institute, Regional Experimental Station in Rzeszów, M. Langiewicza Street 28, 35-101 Rzeszów, Poland.Institute of Plant Protection - National Research Institute, Regional Experimental Station in Rzeszów, M. Langiewicza Street 28, 35-101 Rzeszów, Poland.Institute of Plant Protection - National Research Institute, Regional Experimental Station in Rzeszów, M. Langiewicza Street 28, 35-101 Rzeszów, Poland.Institute of Plant Protection - National Research Institute, Regional Experimental Station in Rzeszów, M. Langiewicza Street 28, 35-101 Rzeszów, Poland.Institute of Plant Protection - National Research Institute, Regional Experimental Station in Rzeszów, M. Langiewicza Street 28, 35-101 Rzeszów, Poland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27546320

Citation

Szpyrka, Ewa, et al. "Pesticide Residues in Raw Agricultural Products From the South-eastern Region of Poland and the Acute Risk Assessment." Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny, vol. 67, no. 3, 2016, pp. 237-45.
Szpyrka E, Słowik-Borowiec M, Matyaszek A, et al. Pesticide residues in raw agricultural products from the south-eastern region of Poland and the acute risk assessment. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2016;67(3):237-45.
Szpyrka, E., Słowik-Borowiec, M., Matyaszek, A., Podbielska, M., & Rupar, J. (2016). Pesticide residues in raw agricultural products from the south-eastern region of Poland and the acute risk assessment. Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny, 67(3), 237-45.
Szpyrka E, et al. Pesticide Residues in Raw Agricultural Products From the South-eastern Region of Poland and the Acute Risk Assessment. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2016;67(3):237-45. PubMed PMID: 27546320.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pesticide residues in raw agricultural products from the south-eastern region of Poland and the acute risk assessment. AU - Szpyrka,Ewa, AU - Słowik-Borowiec,Magdalena, AU - Matyaszek,Aneta, AU - Podbielska,Magdalena, AU - Rupar,Julian, PY - 2016/8/23/entrez PY - 2016/8/23/pubmed PY - 2017/2/1/medline SP - 237 EP - 45 JF - Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny JO - Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig VL - 67 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: The use of pesticide leads to the increase in quantity and quality of yields, but may also result in presence of toxic contaminants in food products. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate presence of pesticide residues in raw agricultural products from the south-eastern region of Poland, to verify their compliance with the maximum residue levels' (MRLs) as specified in the EU regulations concerning products present in the market, and to assess the acute risk related to consumption of these products. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Samples of raw agricultural products were obtained from production farms as a part of an official premarket monitoring of pesticide residues conducted on behalf of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, implemented in cooperation with the regional Inspectorates of Plant Health and Seed Inspection. The scheduled tests covered determination of 243 chemicals included in residue definitions for purposes of pesticide residues monitoring in or on food of plant origin (229 pesticides). RESULTS: In 2015, a total of 328 samples of raw commodities collected from the south-eastern region of Poland were analysed for the presence of pesticide residues. Pesticide residues were detected in 84 samples (25.6%), while in 7 samples (2.1%) they exceeded MRLs. Violations of MRLs concerned 2 samples of Peking Cabbage, 3 samples of dill, 1 sample of raspberry and 1 sample of spinach. The pesticide residues were most often found in: fruit (38.3% of all fruit samples), herbs (35.3%) and vegetables (20.0%). The assessed acute exposure did not exceed the 100% acute reference dose (ARfD) in any sample. CONCLUSIONS: Monitoring of pesticide residues in the agricultural crops prevents penetration of products with MRLs exceeded or containing unacceptable pesticide residues into the market, thus protecting consumers' health. KEY WORDS: pesticide residues, agricultural products, risk assessment, multiresidue method. SN - 0035-7715 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27546320/Pesticide_residues_in_raw_agricultural_products_from_the_south_eastern_region_of_Poland_and_the_acute_risk_assessment_ L2 - http://wydawnictwa.pzh.gov.pl/roczniki_pzh/download-article?id=1137 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -