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Mesoporous TiO2 Nanocrystals/Graphene as an Efficient Sulfur Host Material for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2016 Sep 14; 8(36):23784-92.AA

Abstract

Rechargeable lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries are promising in high-energy storage due to the large specific energy density of about 2600 W h kg(-1). However, the low conductivity of sulfur and discharge products as well as polysulfide-shuttle effect between the cathode and anode hamper applications of Li-S batteries. Herein, we describe a novel and efficient S host material consisting of mesoporous TiO2 nanocrystals (NCs) fabricated in situ on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) for Li-S batteries. The TiO2@rGO hybrid can be loaded with 72 wt % sulfur. The strong chemisorption ability of the TiO2 NCs toward polysulfide combined with high electrical conductivity of rGO effectively localize the soluble polysulfide species within the cathode and facilitate electron and Li ions transport to/from the cathode materials. The sulfur-incorporated TiO2@rGO hybrid (S/TiO2@rGO) shows large capacities of 1116 and 917 mA h g(-1) at the current densities of 0.2 and 1 C (1 C = 1675 mA g(-1)) after 100 cycles, respectively. When the current density is increased 20 times from 0.2 to 4 C, 60% capacity is retained, thereby demonstrating good cycling stability and rate capability. The synergistic effects of TiO2 NCs toward effective chemisorption of polysulfides and conductive rGO with high electron mobility make a promising application of S/TiO2@rGO hybrid in high-performance Li-S batteries.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (WNLO) and School of Optical and Electronic information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology , Wuhan 430074, People's Republic of China.Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (WNLO) and School of Optical and Electronic information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology , Wuhan 430074, People's Republic of China.Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (WNLO) and School of Optical and Electronic information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology , Wuhan 430074, People's Republic of China.Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (WNLO) and School of Optical and Electronic information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology , Wuhan 430074, People's Republic of China. Department of Materials Science and Physics, City University of Hong Kong , Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong 8523, People's Republic of China.Department of Materials Science and Physics, City University of Hong Kong , Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong 8523, People's Republic of China.The State Key Lab for Refractory and Metallurgy, Wuhan University of Science and Technology , Wuhan 430081, People's Republic of China.Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (WNLO) and School of Optical and Electronic information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology , Wuhan 430074, People's Republic of China.Department of Materials Science and Physics, City University of Hong Kong , Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong 8523, People's Republic of China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27552961

Citation

Li, Yuanyuan, et al. "Mesoporous TiO2 Nanocrystals/Graphene as an Efficient Sulfur Host Material for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 8, no. 36, 2016, pp. 23784-92.
Li Y, Cai Q, Wang L, et al. Mesoporous TiO2 Nanocrystals/Graphene as an Efficient Sulfur Host Material for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2016;8(36):23784-92.
Li, Y., Cai, Q., Wang, L., Li, Q., Peng, X., Gao, B., Huo, K., & Chu, P. K. (2016). Mesoporous TiO2 Nanocrystals/Graphene as an Efficient Sulfur Host Material for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 8(36), 23784-92. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b09479
Li Y, et al. Mesoporous TiO2 Nanocrystals/Graphene as an Efficient Sulfur Host Material for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2016 Sep 14;8(36):23784-92. PubMed PMID: 27552961.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mesoporous TiO2 Nanocrystals/Graphene as an Efficient Sulfur Host Material for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. AU - Li,Yuanyuan, AU - Cai,Qifa, AU - Wang,Lei, AU - Li,Qingwei, AU - Peng,Xiang, AU - Gao,Biao, AU - Huo,Kaifu, AU - Chu,Paul K, Y1 - 2016/08/31/ PY - 2016/8/25/entrez PY - 2016/8/25/pubmed PY - 2016/8/25/medline KW - TiO2 nanocrystals KW - chemisorption KW - lithium−sulfur battery KW - reduced graphene oxides KW - sulfur host material SP - 23784 EP - 92 JF - ACS applied materials & interfaces JO - ACS Appl Mater Interfaces VL - 8 IS - 36 N2 - Rechargeable lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries are promising in high-energy storage due to the large specific energy density of about 2600 W h kg(-1). However, the low conductivity of sulfur and discharge products as well as polysulfide-shuttle effect between the cathode and anode hamper applications of Li-S batteries. Herein, we describe a novel and efficient S host material consisting of mesoporous TiO2 nanocrystals (NCs) fabricated in situ on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) for Li-S batteries. The TiO2@rGO hybrid can be loaded with 72 wt % sulfur. The strong chemisorption ability of the TiO2 NCs toward polysulfide combined with high electrical conductivity of rGO effectively localize the soluble polysulfide species within the cathode and facilitate electron and Li ions transport to/from the cathode materials. The sulfur-incorporated TiO2@rGO hybrid (S/TiO2@rGO) shows large capacities of 1116 and 917 mA h g(-1) at the current densities of 0.2 and 1 C (1 C = 1675 mA g(-1)) after 100 cycles, respectively. When the current density is increased 20 times from 0.2 to 4 C, 60% capacity is retained, thereby demonstrating good cycling stability and rate capability. The synergistic effects of TiO2 NCs toward effective chemisorption of polysulfides and conductive rGO with high electron mobility make a promising application of S/TiO2@rGO hybrid in high-performance Li-S batteries. SN - 1944-8252 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27552961/Mesoporous_TiO2_Nanocrystals/Graphene_as_an_Efficient_Sulfur_Host_Material_for_High_Performance_Lithium_Sulfur_Batteries_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b09479 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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