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Neighborhood Disorder, Perceived Social Cohesion, and Social Participation Among Older Americans: Findings From the National Health & Aging Trends Study.
J Aging Health. 2018 01; 30(1):3-26.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This research explores whether physical neighborhood disorder or perceived social cohesion is associated with participation in social activities among older Americans (age 65+).

METHOD

Using the first wave of the National Health & Aging Trends Study (NHATS; N = 6,383), a series of logistic regression models were created to assess the odds of participation.

RESULTS

Low social cohesion was associated with decreased odds of visiting friends and family (odds ratio [OR] = 0.65; 95% confidence interval [CI] = [0.52, 0.82]) and participating in organizations (OR = 0.68; 95% CI = [0.53, 0.88]). Presence of neighborhood disorder was associated with decreased odds of visiting friends and family (OR = 0.62; 95% CI = [0.47, 0.82]), participating in organizations (OR = 0.66; 95% CI = [0.48, 0.89]), and going out for enjoyment (OR = 0.68; 95% CI = [0.53, 0.86]). Physical capacity and activity value moderated the relationship between neighborhood disorder/cohesion and attending religious services.

DISCUSSION

Improving neighborhood disorder and social cohesion may increase social participation among older adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, USA.2 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27566464

Citation

Latham, Kenzie, and Philippa J. Clarke. "Neighborhood Disorder, Perceived Social Cohesion, and Social Participation Among Older Americans: Findings From the National Health & Aging Trends Study." Journal of Aging and Health, vol. 30, no. 1, 2018, pp. 3-26.
Latham K, Clarke PJ. Neighborhood Disorder, Perceived Social Cohesion, and Social Participation Among Older Americans: Findings From the National Health & Aging Trends Study. J Aging Health. 2018;30(1):3-26.
Latham, K., & Clarke, P. J. (2018). Neighborhood Disorder, Perceived Social Cohesion, and Social Participation Among Older Americans: Findings From the National Health & Aging Trends Study. Journal of Aging and Health, 30(1), 3-26. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264316665933
Latham K, Clarke PJ. Neighborhood Disorder, Perceived Social Cohesion, and Social Participation Among Older Americans: Findings From the National Health & Aging Trends Study. J Aging Health. 2018;30(1):3-26. PubMed PMID: 27566464.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Neighborhood Disorder, Perceived Social Cohesion, and Social Participation Among Older Americans: Findings From the National Health & Aging Trends Study. AU - Latham,Kenzie, AU - Clarke,Philippa J, Y1 - 2016/08/25/ PY - 2016/8/28/pubmed PY - 2019/6/30/medline PY - 2016/8/28/entrez KW - United States KW - activities and participation KW - aging KW - functioning KW - neighborhood disorder KW - social cohesion KW - social engagement KW - social participation SP - 3 EP - 26 JF - Journal of aging and health JO - J Aging Health VL - 30 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This research explores whether physical neighborhood disorder or perceived social cohesion is associated with participation in social activities among older Americans (age 65+). METHOD: Using the first wave of the National Health & Aging Trends Study (NHATS; N = 6,383), a series of logistic regression models were created to assess the odds of participation. RESULTS: Low social cohesion was associated with decreased odds of visiting friends and family (odds ratio [OR] = 0.65; 95% confidence interval [CI] = [0.52, 0.82]) and participating in organizations (OR = 0.68; 95% CI = [0.53, 0.88]). Presence of neighborhood disorder was associated with decreased odds of visiting friends and family (OR = 0.62; 95% CI = [0.47, 0.82]), participating in organizations (OR = 0.66; 95% CI = [0.48, 0.89]), and going out for enjoyment (OR = 0.68; 95% CI = [0.53, 0.86]). Physical capacity and activity value moderated the relationship between neighborhood disorder/cohesion and attending religious services. DISCUSSION: Improving neighborhood disorder and social cohesion may increase social participation among older adults. SN - 1552-6887 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27566464/Neighborhood_Disorder_Perceived_Social_Cohesion_and_Social_Participation_Among_Older_Americans:_Findings_From_the_National_Health_&_Aging_Trends_Study_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0898264316665933?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -