Electrochemical composition of the cochlear fluids in the early experimental hydrops. Preliminary results.Acta Otolaryngol. 1989 May-Jun; 107(5-6):371-4.AO
The composition of endolymph and perilymph was studied in the guinea pig cochlea after 2 and 6 weeks of blockage of the vestibular aqueduct in an experimental model of hydrops. Compound action potential was monitored several times in the observation period. The endocochlear potential was measured and the endolymph was sampled at the first and third turns of the scala media. The Na, K, and Cl concentrations were determined in nanolitre aliquots of endolymph and of perilymph, the latter sampled from the basal scala vestibuli. After 2 weeks, no change in endolymphatic electrochemical composition was observed. After 6 weeks, endocochlear potential was decreased by 25% at both cochlear turns; K concentration was decreased in endolymph of the basal turn and Cl concentration was decreased in both turns; the calculated osmolality (Na + K + Cl) was decreased in both turns. These results indicate that the blockage of the vestibular aqueduct induced early auditory dysfunction whereas alterations of the electrochemical composition of endolymph occurred later after a time lag of more than 2 and less than 6 weeks.