PNPLA3 p.I148M variant is associated with greater reduction of liver fat content after bariatric surgery.Surg Obes Relat Dis 2016; 12(10):1838-1846SO
Obesity is the major trigger of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD is further favored by the patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing 3 (PNPLA3) p.I148M, transmembrane 6 superfamily member 2 (TM6SF2) p.E167K, and membrane-bound O-acyltransferase domain containing 7 (MBOAT7) rs641738 variants.
To investigate the relationship between the PNPLA3, TM6SF2, and MBOAT7 genotypes and the outcomes of bariatric surgery.
Prospectively we monitored 84 obese individuals (body mass index 35-64 kg/m2) scheduled for bariatric surgery. The PNPLA3 p.I148M, TM6SF2 p.E167K, and MBOAT7 rs641738 variants were genotyped using restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and TaqMan assays. Hepatic steatosis was determined before surgery using analysis of liver biopsy samples and a novel magnetic resonance imaging-based equation. One year later, steatosis was reevaluated by magnetic resonance imaging.
The presence of the PNPLA3 allle [M] was associated with increased hepatic triglyceride content (P = .03), steatosis detected by magnetic resonance imaging (P = 0.04), and decreased serum glucose concentrations (P = .04). Neither variant TM6SF2 nor MBOAT7 increased hepatic steatosis (all P>.05); however, the MBOAT7 polymorphism was associated with increased triglyceride, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein, and serum glucose levels (all P<.05). Patients carrying the prosteatotic PNPLA3 allele [M] lost more weight (P<.01) and liver fat (P = .04) one year after surgery, as compared to individuals having the common genotype. The PNPLA3 genotype and initial grade of steatosis, but not the TM6SF2 or MBOAT7 variants, were independent predictors of NAFLD improvement (P = .03 and P<.01, respectively).
In obese patients, the presence of the PNPLA3 p.I148M allele might be associated with greater improvement of hepatic steatosis after bariatric surgery in comparison to carriers of PNPLA3 wild-type alleles.