Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in individuals heterozygous and homozygous for sickle cell anemia.Clin Physiol Biochem. 1989; 7(2):87-92.CP
Colorimetric determinations of glycosylated Hb were carried out in a sample (n = 97) of sickle cell anemia patients, and in an age- and sex-matched group of individuals (n = 45) heterozygous for sickle cell anemia, from the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. A statistically significant increase in the value of glycosylated Hb was found in sickle cell trait (HbAS) group, when compared with those of sickle cell anemia (HbSS) and normal (HbAA) groups. Since glycosylated Hb is considered a valid indicator of long-term blood glucose, and assuming normal red blood cell survival in HbAS carriers, the increased value of glycosylated Hb may suggest that there exists a higher incidence of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus in individuals with heterozygous inheritance for sickle cell hemoglobin than homozygous sickle cell patients and normal individuals. The mechanism underlying this observation remains to be defined.