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The spread of Zika and the potential for global arbovirus syndemics.
Glob Public Health. 2017 01; 12(1):1-18.GP

Abstract

It is estimated that over a million people die each year from infectious diseases of zoonotic origin and hundreds of millions suffer from these pervasive threats to human well-being. In light of the emergent global concern over the Zika virus, evidence that it has not one but two competent mosquito vector species in the Aedes family, and that both can be co-infected with other pathogens including dengue and chikungunya, this paper examines research suggesting the prospect of significant twenty-first-century outbreaks of arbovirus syndemics. Uniting the concepts 'synergy' with 'epidemic', a syndemics approach recognises that diseases in a population occur neither independent of social and ecological conditions, nor in isolation from other diseases. Assessment of the potential for arbovirus syndemics entails a review of the human role in the global spread of Aedes mosquitoes, the socio-environmental conditions of Aedes diffusion, the increasing likelihood of co-transmission of arbovirus diseases, evidence of co-infection and concern about the adverse health effects of arbovirus syndemic interaction, and the need for an appropriate environment-sensitive framework for effective public health responses. Called Planetary Health, this emergent framework confronts conceptual, knowledge, and governance challenges created by the dramatic shifts in environments, climates, people, vectors, and pathogens in the world.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Departments of Anthropology and Community Medicine , University of Connecticut , Storrs , CT , USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27590737

Citation

Singer, Merrill. "The Spread of Zika and the Potential for Global Arbovirus Syndemics." Global Public Health, vol. 12, no. 1, 2017, pp. 1-18.
Singer M. The spread of Zika and the potential for global arbovirus syndemics. Glob Public Health. 2017;12(1):1-18.
Singer, M. (2017). The spread of Zika and the potential for global arbovirus syndemics. Global Public Health, 12(1), 1-18.
Singer M. The Spread of Zika and the Potential for Global Arbovirus Syndemics. Glob Public Health. 2017;12(1):1-18. PubMed PMID: 27590737.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The spread of Zika and the potential for global arbovirus syndemics. A1 - Singer,Merrill, Y1 - 2016/09/02/ PY - 2016/9/4/pubmed PY - 2017/12/27/medline PY - 2016/9/4/entrez KW - Aedes mosquitoes KW - Planetary Health KW - Syndemic KW - Zika KW - arbovirus KW - chikungunya KW - dengue KW - vectors SP - 1 EP - 18 JF - Global public health JO - Glob Public Health VL - 12 IS - 1 N2 - It is estimated that over a million people die each year from infectious diseases of zoonotic origin and hundreds of millions suffer from these pervasive threats to human well-being. In light of the emergent global concern over the Zika virus, evidence that it has not one but two competent mosquito vector species in the Aedes family, and that both can be co-infected with other pathogens including dengue and chikungunya, this paper examines research suggesting the prospect of significant twenty-first-century outbreaks of arbovirus syndemics. Uniting the concepts 'synergy' with 'epidemic', a syndemics approach recognises that diseases in a population occur neither independent of social and ecological conditions, nor in isolation from other diseases. Assessment of the potential for arbovirus syndemics entails a review of the human role in the global spread of Aedes mosquitoes, the socio-environmental conditions of Aedes diffusion, the increasing likelihood of co-transmission of arbovirus diseases, evidence of co-infection and concern about the adverse health effects of arbovirus syndemic interaction, and the need for an appropriate environment-sensitive framework for effective public health responses. Called Planetary Health, this emergent framework confronts conceptual, knowledge, and governance challenges created by the dramatic shifts in environments, climates, people, vectors, and pathogens in the world. SN - 1744-1706 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27590737/The_spread_of_Zika_and_the_potential_for_global_arbovirus_syndemics_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17441692.2016.1225112 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -