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Food and drink consumption among 1-5-year-old Los Angeles County children from households receiving dual SNAP and WIC v. only WIC benefits.
Public Health Nutr. 2017 Oct; 20(14):2478-2485.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are two of the more well-known food assistance programmes in the USA. The current study describes food consumption patterns of children aged 1-5 years living in households dually enrolled in these two programmes v. households enrolled only in WIC.

DESIGN

Food consumption and SNAP participation were assessed using data from the 2014 Survey of Los Angeles County (LAC) WIC Participants and the Follow-Up Survey of the same households that were also SNAP beneficiaries. Telephone interviews were conducted with WIC parents regarding each child's (i.e. beneficiary's) food consumption patterns. Follow-up interviews were conducted with those who reported receiving SNAP. Multivariable regression analyses were performed to assess the relationships between food and beverage consumption and dual v. single food assistance programme participation.

SETTING

LAC, California.

SUBJECTS

Children of WIC-enrolled households in LAC during 2014 (n 3248). This included a sub-sample of dual WIC- and SNAP-enrolled households (n 1295). Survey participants were the beneficiaries' parents.

RESULTS

Children from dually enrolled households consumed 1·03 (P<0·05) and 1·04 (P<0·01) more servings of fruits and vegetables daily respectively, 1·07 more sugar-sweetened beverages daily (P<0·001) and ate sweets/sweetened foods 1·04 more times daily (P<0·001) than children from households participating only in WIC.

CONCLUSIONS

Results suggest that SNAP+WIC enrolment is associated with increased consumption of both healthy foods and foods containing minimal nutritional value. Complementary nutrition education efforts across the two programmes may help beneficiaries maximize healthful food purchases with SNAP dollars.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Department of Epidemiology,UCLA Fielding School of Public Health,Los Angeles,CA,USA.1Department of Epidemiology,UCLA Fielding School of Public Health,Los Angeles,CA,USA.4Public Health Foundation Enterprises WIC Program,Irwindale,CA,USA.2Division of Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention,Los Angeles County Department of Public Health,3530 Wilshire Blvd,8th Floor,Los Angeles,CA 90010,USA.4Public Health Foundation Enterprises WIC Program,Irwindale,CA,USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27609603

Citation

Liu, Jane, et al. "Food and Drink Consumption Among 1-5-year-old Los Angeles County Children From Households Receiving Dual SNAP and WIC V. Only WIC Benefits." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 20, no. 14, 2017, pp. 2478-2485.
Liu J, Kuo T, Jiang L, et al. Food and drink consumption among 1-5-year-old Los Angeles County children from households receiving dual SNAP and WIC v. only WIC benefits. Public Health Nutr. 2017;20(14):2478-2485.
Liu, J., Kuo, T., Jiang, L., Robles, B., & Whaley, S. E. (2017). Food and drink consumption among 1-5-year-old Los Angeles County children from households receiving dual SNAP and WIC v. only WIC benefits. Public Health Nutrition, 20(14), 2478-2485. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980016002329
Liu J, et al. Food and Drink Consumption Among 1-5-year-old Los Angeles County Children From Households Receiving Dual SNAP and WIC V. Only WIC Benefits. Public Health Nutr. 2017;20(14):2478-2485. PubMed PMID: 27609603.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food and drink consumption among 1-5-year-old Los Angeles County children from households receiving dual SNAP and WIC v. only WIC benefits. AU - Liu,Jane, AU - Kuo,Tony, AU - Jiang,Lu, AU - Robles,Brenda, AU - Whaley,Shannon E, Y1 - 2016/09/09/ PY - 2016/9/10/pubmed PY - 2018/6/14/medline PY - 2016/9/10/entrez KW - Infants KW - and Children (WIC) KW - Food consumption KW - Obesity KW - Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women KW - Supplemental Nutrition AssistanceProgram (SNAP) SP - 2478 EP - 2485 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 20 IS - 14 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are two of the more well-known food assistance programmes in the USA. The current study describes food consumption patterns of children aged 1-5 years living in households dually enrolled in these two programmes v. households enrolled only in WIC. DESIGN: Food consumption and SNAP participation were assessed using data from the 2014 Survey of Los Angeles County (LAC) WIC Participants and the Follow-Up Survey of the same households that were also SNAP beneficiaries. Telephone interviews were conducted with WIC parents regarding each child's (i.e. beneficiary's) food consumption patterns. Follow-up interviews were conducted with those who reported receiving SNAP. Multivariable regression analyses were performed to assess the relationships between food and beverage consumption and dual v. single food assistance programme participation. SETTING: LAC, California. SUBJECTS: Children of WIC-enrolled households in LAC during 2014 (n 3248). This included a sub-sample of dual WIC- and SNAP-enrolled households (n 1295). Survey participants were the beneficiaries' parents. RESULTS: Children from dually enrolled households consumed 1·03 (P<0·05) and 1·04 (P<0·01) more servings of fruits and vegetables daily respectively, 1·07 more sugar-sweetened beverages daily (P<0·001) and ate sweets/sweetened foods 1·04 more times daily (P<0·001) than children from households participating only in WIC. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that SNAP+WIC enrolment is associated with increased consumption of both healthy foods and foods containing minimal nutritional value. Complementary nutrition education efforts across the two programmes may help beneficiaries maximize healthful food purchases with SNAP dollars. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27609603/Food_and_drink_consumption_among_1_5_year_old_Los_Angeles_County_children_from_households_receiving_dual_SNAP_and_WIC_v__only_WIC_benefits_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980016002329/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -