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Drinking, Drug Use, and Related Consequences Among University Students Completing Study Abroad Experiences: A Systematic Review.
Subst Use Misuse. 2016 12 05; 51(14):1888-904.SU

Abstract

BACKGROUND

University students who complete study abroad experiences are potentially exposed to behaviors, in particular alcohol and drug use, that place their health at risk. There is a need to identify risk and protective factors and highlight knowledge gaps.

METHODS

A systematic review adopting the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) methodology. Relevant bibliographic databases and online repositories were systematically searched for both qualitative and quantitative peer-reviewed studies.

RESULTS

Eighteen articles were eligible for inclusion. Degree mobility students (DMSs-students pursuing a full bachelor or master degree in a foreign country) and Credit Mobility Students (CMSs-students participating in short term or semester study abroad programmes) show different patterns of at-risk behaviors compared to pre-departure, and to domestic or non-study abroad students. DMSs mostly consumed less alcohol and illicit substances compared to domestic students, but little information on pre-travel behavior and predictors of at-risk behaviors while abroad was available on DMSs. Most studies indicated that CMSs increased their alcohol use while abroad and reduced it when they returned home. However, there is no evidence of an increase in the negative consequences associated with alcohol misuse while abroad. Different pre-departure and abroad factors (e.g., perceptions of peer drinking norms, psychological and sociocultural adjustment abroad) were related to at-risk behaviors in the host country.

CONCLUSIONS

University students who study abroad are understudied and potentially at risk from alcohol and drug use. Knowledge gaps are discussed in relation to possible future qualitative, mixed methods and longitudinal research.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Psychology Department , Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore , Milan , Italy.b Violence & Society Research Group, Cardiff University , Cardiff , United Kingdom.a Psychology Department , Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore , Milan , Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27612669

Citation

Aresi, Giovanni, et al. "Drinking, Drug Use, and Related Consequences Among University Students Completing Study Abroad Experiences: a Systematic Review." Substance Use & Misuse, vol. 51, no. 14, 2016, pp. 1888-904.
Aresi G, Moore S, Marta E. Drinking, Drug Use, and Related Consequences Among University Students Completing Study Abroad Experiences: A Systematic Review. Subst Use Misuse. 2016;51(14):1888-904.
Aresi, G., Moore, S., & Marta, E. (2016). Drinking, Drug Use, and Related Consequences Among University Students Completing Study Abroad Experiences: A Systematic Review. Substance Use & Misuse, 51(14), 1888-904. https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2016.1201116
Aresi G, Moore S, Marta E. Drinking, Drug Use, and Related Consequences Among University Students Completing Study Abroad Experiences: a Systematic Review. Subst Use Misuse. 2016 12 5;51(14):1888-904. PubMed PMID: 27612669.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Drinking, Drug Use, and Related Consequences Among University Students Completing Study Abroad Experiences: A Systematic Review. AU - Aresi,Giovanni, AU - Moore,Simon, AU - Marta,Elena, Y1 - 2016/09/09/ PY - 2016/9/11/entrez PY - 2016/9/11/pubmed PY - 2018/5/8/medline KW - Systematic review KW - alcohol KW - drugs KW - risk behaviors KW - study abroad SP - 1888 EP - 904 JF - Substance use & misuse JO - Subst Use Misuse VL - 51 IS - 14 N2 - BACKGROUND: University students who complete study abroad experiences are potentially exposed to behaviors, in particular alcohol and drug use, that place their health at risk. There is a need to identify risk and protective factors and highlight knowledge gaps. METHODS: A systematic review adopting the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) methodology. Relevant bibliographic databases and online repositories were systematically searched for both qualitative and quantitative peer-reviewed studies. RESULTS: Eighteen articles were eligible for inclusion. Degree mobility students (DMSs-students pursuing a full bachelor or master degree in a foreign country) and Credit Mobility Students (CMSs-students participating in short term or semester study abroad programmes) show different patterns of at-risk behaviors compared to pre-departure, and to domestic or non-study abroad students. DMSs mostly consumed less alcohol and illicit substances compared to domestic students, but little information on pre-travel behavior and predictors of at-risk behaviors while abroad was available on DMSs. Most studies indicated that CMSs increased their alcohol use while abroad and reduced it when they returned home. However, there is no evidence of an increase in the negative consequences associated with alcohol misuse while abroad. Different pre-departure and abroad factors (e.g., perceptions of peer drinking norms, psychological and sociocultural adjustment abroad) were related to at-risk behaviors in the host country. CONCLUSIONS: University students who study abroad are understudied and potentially at risk from alcohol and drug use. Knowledge gaps are discussed in relation to possible future qualitative, mixed methods and longitudinal research. SN - 1532-2491 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27612669/full_citation L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10826084.2016.1201116 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -