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Soil-transmitted Helminth Infections in Schoolchildren of Laguna de Perlas (Nicaragua).
J Trop Pediatr. 2017 04 01; 63(2):124-134.JT

Abstract

Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) prevalence, intensity, polyparasitism and co-infections in 425 children from 3 schools of Laguna de Perlas (Nicaragua) were investigated. Single stool samples were analysed by the formalin-ether method and the Kato-Katz. A total of 402 (94.6%) children were infected. Trichuris trichiura 308 (72.4%), Ascaris lumbricoides 115 (27.1%) and Hookworms 54 (12.7%) were the most prevalent STHs. Polyparasitism (322; 75.8%) with two species was most prevalent (109; 25.6%). T. trichiura with A. lumbricoides (19.3%) and T. trichiura with Hookworm (6.8%) were the most common combinations. Positive associations were observed between T. trichiura and A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura and Hookworm (p = 0.0001). Highest Hookworm intensities appeared when three STH co-infections occurred. Moderate- heavy STH intensities appear in up to 42.1% in trichuriasis, 57.5% in ascariasis and 11.1% in Hookworm infections. Integrated control interventions covering children need to be implemented mainly in a rural environment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Facultad de Farmacia, Departamento de Parasitología, Universidad de Valencia, Av. Vicent Andrés Estellés s/n, Burjassot-Valencia 46100, Spain.Departamento Bionálisis Clínico, Instituto Politécnico de la Salud (IPS-Polisal), Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua, Managua, Nicaragua.Facultad de Farmacia, Departamento de Parasitología, Universidad de Valencia, Av. Vicent Andrés Estellés s/n, Burjassot-Valencia 46100, Spain.Facultad de Farmacia, Departamento de Parasitología, Universidad de Valencia, Av. Vicent Andrés Estellés s/n, Burjassot-Valencia 46100, Spain.Facultad de Farmacia, Departamento de Parasitología, Universidad de Valencia, Av. Vicent Andrés Estellés s/n, Burjassot-Valencia 46100, Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27616686

Citation

Muñoz-Antoli, C, et al. "Soil-transmitted Helminth Infections in Schoolchildren of Laguna De Perlas (Nicaragua)." Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, vol. 63, no. 2, 2017, pp. 124-134.
Muñoz-Antoli C, Pavón A, Pérez P, et al. Soil-transmitted Helminth Infections in Schoolchildren of Laguna de Perlas (Nicaragua). J Trop Pediatr. 2017;63(2):124-134.
Muñoz-Antoli, C., Pavón, A., Pérez, P., Toledo, R., & Esteban, J. G. (2017). Soil-transmitted Helminth Infections in Schoolchildren of Laguna de Perlas (Nicaragua). Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 63(2), 124-134. https://doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmw061
Muñoz-Antoli C, et al. Soil-transmitted Helminth Infections in Schoolchildren of Laguna De Perlas (Nicaragua). J Trop Pediatr. 2017 04 1;63(2):124-134. PubMed PMID: 27616686.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Soil-transmitted Helminth Infections in Schoolchildren of Laguna de Perlas (Nicaragua). AU - Muñoz-Antoli,C, AU - Pavón,A, AU - Pérez,P, AU - Toledo,R, AU - Esteban,J G, PY - 2016/9/13/pubmed PY - 2017/12/20/medline PY - 2016/9/13/entrez SP - 124 EP - 134 JF - Journal of tropical pediatrics JO - J. Trop. Pediatr. VL - 63 IS - 2 N2 - Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) prevalence, intensity, polyparasitism and co-infections in 425 children from 3 schools of Laguna de Perlas (Nicaragua) were investigated. Single stool samples were analysed by the formalin-ether method and the Kato-Katz. A total of 402 (94.6%) children were infected. Trichuris trichiura 308 (72.4%), Ascaris lumbricoides 115 (27.1%) and Hookworms 54 (12.7%) were the most prevalent STHs. Polyparasitism (322; 75.8%) with two species was most prevalent (109; 25.6%). T. trichiura with A. lumbricoides (19.3%) and T. trichiura with Hookworm (6.8%) were the most common combinations. Positive associations were observed between T. trichiura and A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura and Hookworm (p = 0.0001). Highest Hookworm intensities appeared when three STH co-infections occurred. Moderate- heavy STH intensities appear in up to 42.1% in trichuriasis, 57.5% in ascariasis and 11.1% in Hookworm infections. Integrated control interventions covering children need to be implemented mainly in a rural environment. SN - 1465-3664 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27616686/Soil_transmitted_Helminth_Infections_in_Schoolchildren_of_Laguna_de_Perlas__Nicaragua__ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/tropej/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/tropej/fmw061 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -