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Deltamethrin induced RIPK3-mediated caspase-independent non-apoptotic cell death in rat primary hepatocytes.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2016 10 14; 479(2):217-223.BB

Abstract

Deltamethrin (DLM), a synthetic pyrethroid insecticide, is used all over the world for indoor and field pest management. In the present study, we investigated the elicited pathogenesis of DLM-induced hepatotoxicity in rat primary hepatocytes. DLM-induced cell death was accompanied with increased ROS generation, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and G2/M arrest. Pre-treatment with N-acetyl cysteine/butylated hydroxyanisole/IM54 could partly rescue hepatocytes suggesting that ROS might play a role in DLM-induced toxicity. Interestingly, DLM treatment resulted in a caspase-independent but non-apoptotic cell death. Pre-treatment with pan-caspase inhibitor (ZVAD-FMK) could not rescue hepatocytes. Unaltered caspase-3 activity and absence of cleaved caspase-3 also corroborated our findings. Further, LDH release and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis demonstrated that DLM incites membrane disintegrity and necrotic damage. Immunochemical staining revealed an increased expression of inflammatory markers (TNFα, NFκB, iNOS, COX-2) following DLM treatment. Moreover, the enhanced RIPK3 expression in DLM treated groups and prominent rescue from cell death by GSK-872 indicated that DLM exposure could induce programmed necrosis in hepatocytes. The present study demonstrates that DLM could induce hepatotoxicity via non-apoptotic mode of cell death.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Environmental Carcinogenesis & Proteomics Laboratory, Food, Drug & Chemical Toxicology Group, Vishvigyan Bhawan 31, Mahatma Gandhi Marg, Lucknow 226001, Uttar Pradesh, India; Department of Bioengineering, Faculty of Engineering, Integral University, Lucknow 226026, Uttar Pradesh, India.Department of Bioengineering, Faculty of Engineering, Integral University, Lucknow 226026, Uttar Pradesh, India.Environmental Carcinogenesis & Proteomics Laboratory, Food, Drug & Chemical Toxicology Group, Vishvigyan Bhawan 31, Mahatma Gandhi Marg, Lucknow 226001, Uttar Pradesh, India. Electronic address: pradeep.sharma@iitr.res.in.Environmental Carcinogenesis & Proteomics Laboratory, Food, Drug & Chemical Toxicology Group, Vishvigyan Bhawan 31, Mahatma Gandhi Marg, Lucknow 226001, Uttar Pradesh, India. Electronic address: yshukla@iitr.res.in.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27622324

Citation

Arora, Deepika, et al. "Deltamethrin Induced RIPK3-mediated Caspase-independent Non-apoptotic Cell Death in Rat Primary Hepatocytes." Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 479, no. 2, 2016, pp. 217-223.
Arora D, Siddiqui MH, Sharma PK, et al. Deltamethrin induced RIPK3-mediated caspase-independent non-apoptotic cell death in rat primary hepatocytes. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2016;479(2):217-223.
Arora, D., Siddiqui, M. H., Sharma, P. K., & Shukla, Y. (2016). Deltamethrin induced RIPK3-mediated caspase-independent non-apoptotic cell death in rat primary hepatocytes. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 479(2), 217-223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2016.09.042
Arora D, et al. Deltamethrin Induced RIPK3-mediated Caspase-independent Non-apoptotic Cell Death in Rat Primary Hepatocytes. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2016 10 14;479(2):217-223. PubMed PMID: 27622324.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Deltamethrin induced RIPK3-mediated caspase-independent non-apoptotic cell death in rat primary hepatocytes. AU - Arora,Deepika, AU - Siddiqui,Mohammed Haris, AU - Sharma,Pradeep Kumar, AU - Shukla,Yogeshwer, Y1 - 2016/09/10/ PY - 2016/09/03/received PY - 2016/09/09/accepted PY - 2016/9/14/pubmed PY - 2017/6/14/medline PY - 2016/9/14/entrez KW - Caspase-independent KW - Deltamethrin KW - Hepatotoxicity KW - Primary hepatocytes KW - Programmed necrosis SP - 217 EP - 223 JF - Biochemical and biophysical research communications JO - Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. VL - 479 IS - 2 N2 - Deltamethrin (DLM), a synthetic pyrethroid insecticide, is used all over the world for indoor and field pest management. In the present study, we investigated the elicited pathogenesis of DLM-induced hepatotoxicity in rat primary hepatocytes. DLM-induced cell death was accompanied with increased ROS generation, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and G2/M arrest. Pre-treatment with N-acetyl cysteine/butylated hydroxyanisole/IM54 could partly rescue hepatocytes suggesting that ROS might play a role in DLM-induced toxicity. Interestingly, DLM treatment resulted in a caspase-independent but non-apoptotic cell death. Pre-treatment with pan-caspase inhibitor (ZVAD-FMK) could not rescue hepatocytes. Unaltered caspase-3 activity and absence of cleaved caspase-3 also corroborated our findings. Further, LDH release and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis demonstrated that DLM incites membrane disintegrity and necrotic damage. Immunochemical staining revealed an increased expression of inflammatory markers (TNFα, NFκB, iNOS, COX-2) following DLM treatment. Moreover, the enhanced RIPK3 expression in DLM treated groups and prominent rescue from cell death by GSK-872 indicated that DLM exposure could induce programmed necrosis in hepatocytes. The present study demonstrates that DLM could induce hepatotoxicity via non-apoptotic mode of cell death. SN - 1090-2104 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27622324/Deltamethrin_induced_RIPK3_mediated_caspase_independent_non_apoptotic_cell_death_in_rat_primary_hepatocytes_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0006-291X(16)31493-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -