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Violence and abuse of internally displaced women survivors of the 2010 Haiti earthquake.
Int J Public Health. 2016 Nov; 61(8):981-992.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Limited research following disasters suggests that internally displaced women are disproportionately vulnerable to violence and abuse. An interdisciplinary collaborative of researchers and practitioners in Haiti, the US Virgin Islands, and the US Mainland investigated gender-based violence (GBV) pre- and post-earthquake and health outcomes among Haitian women living in tent cities/camps following the 2010 earthquake.

METHODS

A comparative descriptive correlational design using culturally sensitive and language appropriate computer-assisted interviews of 208 internally displaced women 2011-2013.

RESULTS

Found high rates of violence and abuse both before (71.2 %) and after (75 %) p = 0.266, the earthquake primarily perpetrated by boy friends or husbands. Significantly more mental and physical health problems were reported by abused than non-abused women. The majority (60-78 %) of abused women did not report personal or community tolerance for violence and abuse, but acknowledged a community context of limited involvement.

CONCLUSIONS

Coordinated planning and implementation of needed interventions are essential to provide a balanced approach to the care of displaced women after natural disasters with sensitivity to the abusive experiences of many women both before and after the disasters.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Caribbean Exploratory NIMHD Research Center, University of the Virgin Islands, US Virgin Islands, USA. dcampbe@uvi.edu.School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.College of Nursing, Office of Health Research, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.Connors Center for Women's Health and Gender Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.Connors Center for Women's Health and Gender Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.Frances Payne Bolton, School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.Caribbean Exploratory NIMHD Research Center, University of the Virgin Islands, US Virgin Islands, USA.Haiti Women's Project, Port Au Prince, Haiti.Frances Payne Bolton, School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.Frances Payne Bolton, School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27624625

Citation

Campbell, Doris W., et al. "Violence and Abuse of Internally Displaced Women Survivors of the 2010 Haiti Earthquake." International Journal of Public Health, vol. 61, no. 8, 2016, pp. 981-992.
Campbell DW, Campbell JC, Yarandi HN, et al. Violence and abuse of internally displaced women survivors of the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Int J Public Health. 2016;61(8):981-992.
Campbell, D. W., Campbell, J. C., Yarandi, H. N., O'Connor, A. L., Dollar, E., Killion, C., Sloand, E., Callwood, G. B., Cesar, N. M., Hassan, M., & Gary, F. (2016). Violence and abuse of internally displaced women survivors of the 2010 Haiti earthquake. International Journal of Public Health, 61(8), 981-992.
Campbell DW, et al. Violence and Abuse of Internally Displaced Women Survivors of the 2010 Haiti Earthquake. Int J Public Health. 2016;61(8):981-992. PubMed PMID: 27624625.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Violence and abuse of internally displaced women survivors of the 2010 Haiti earthquake. AU - Campbell,Doris W, AU - Campbell,Jacquelyn C, AU - Yarandi,Hossein N, AU - O'Connor,Annie Lewis, AU - Dollar,Emily, AU - Killion,Cheryl, AU - Sloand,Elizabeth, AU - Callwood,Gloria B, AU - Cesar,Nicole M, AU - Hassan,Mona, AU - Gary,Faye, Y1 - 2016/09/14/ PY - 2015/11/23/received PY - 2016/09/03/accepted PY - 2016/09/01/revised PY - 2016/10/25/pubmed PY - 2017/5/26/medline PY - 2016/9/15/entrez KW - Culturally sensitive research KW - Gender-based violence KW - Internally displaced disaster survivors KW - Intimate partner violence and abuse KW - Natural disasters and violence KW - Women’s health SP - 981 EP - 992 JF - International journal of public health JO - Int J Public Health VL - 61 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Limited research following disasters suggests that internally displaced women are disproportionately vulnerable to violence and abuse. An interdisciplinary collaborative of researchers and practitioners in Haiti, the US Virgin Islands, and the US Mainland investigated gender-based violence (GBV) pre- and post-earthquake and health outcomes among Haitian women living in tent cities/camps following the 2010 earthquake. METHODS: A comparative descriptive correlational design using culturally sensitive and language appropriate computer-assisted interviews of 208 internally displaced women 2011-2013. RESULTS: Found high rates of violence and abuse both before (71.2 %) and after (75 %) p = 0.266, the earthquake primarily perpetrated by boy friends or husbands. Significantly more mental and physical health problems were reported by abused than non-abused women. The majority (60-78 %) of abused women did not report personal or community tolerance for violence and abuse, but acknowledged a community context of limited involvement. CONCLUSIONS: Coordinated planning and implementation of needed interventions are essential to provide a balanced approach to the care of displaced women after natural disasters with sensitivity to the abusive experiences of many women both before and after the disasters. SN - 1661-8564 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27624625/Violence_and_abuse_of_internally_displaced_women_survivors_of_the_2010_Haiti_earthquake_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-016-0895-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -