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Prevalence and Correlates of Missing Meals Among High School Students-United States, 2010.
Am J Health Promot. 2018 Jan; 32(1):89-95.AJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

To determine the prevalence and correlates of missing meals among adolescents.

DESIGN

The 2010 National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Study, a cross-sectional study.

SETTING

School based.

PARTICIPANTS

A nationally representative sample of 11 429 high school students.

MEASURES

Breakfast, lunch, and dinner consumption; demographics; measured and perceived weight status; physical activity and sedentary behaviors; and fruit, vegetable, milk, sugar-sweetened beverage, and fast-food intake.

ANALYSIS

Prevalence estimates for missing breakfast, lunch, or dinner on ≥1 day during the past 7 days were calculated. Associations between demographics and missing meals were tested. Associations of lifestyle and dietary behaviors with missing meals were examined using logistic regression controlling for sex, race/ethnicity, and grade.

RESULTS

In 2010, 63.1% of students missed breakfast, 38.2% missed lunch, and 23.3% missed dinner; the prevalence was highest among female and non-Hispanic black students. Being overweight/obese, perceiving oneself to be overweight, and video game/computer use were associated with increased risk of missing meals. Physical activity behaviors were associated with reduced risk of missing meals. Students who missed breakfast were less likely to eat fruits and vegetables and more likely to consume sugar-sweetened beverages and fast food.

CONCLUSION

Breakfast was the most frequently missed meal, and missing breakfast was associated with the greatest number of less healthy dietary practices. Intervention and education efforts might prioritize breakfast consumption.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA. 2 Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA. 3 US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, Rockville, MD, USA.2 Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA. 3 US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, Rockville, MD, USA.2 Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.4 Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.3 US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, Rockville, MD, USA. 5 Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27630112

Citation

Demissie, Zewditu, et al. "Prevalence and Correlates of Missing Meals Among High School Students-United States, 2010." American Journal of Health Promotion : AJHP, vol. 32, no. 1, 2018, pp. 89-95.
Demissie Z, Eaton DK, Lowry R, et al. Prevalence and Correlates of Missing Meals Among High School Students-United States, 2010. Am J Health Promot. 2018;32(1):89-95.
Demissie, Z., Eaton, D. K., Lowry, R., Nihiser, A. J., & Foltz, J. L. (2018). Prevalence and Correlates of Missing Meals Among High School Students-United States, 2010. American Journal of Health Promotion : AJHP, 32(1), 89-95. https://doi.org/10.1177/0890117116667348
Demissie Z, et al. Prevalence and Correlates of Missing Meals Among High School Students-United States, 2010. Am J Health Promot. 2018;32(1):89-95. PubMed PMID: 27630112.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and Correlates of Missing Meals Among High School Students-United States, 2010. AU - Demissie,Zewditu, AU - Eaton,Danice K, AU - Lowry,Richard, AU - Nihiser,Allison J, AU - Foltz,Jennifer L, Y1 - 2016/09/13/ PY - 2016/9/16/pubmed PY - 2019/5/7/medline PY - 2016/9/16/entrez KW - adolescent KW - behavior KW - breakfast KW - demographics KW - diet KW - meals SP - 89 EP - 95 JF - American journal of health promotion : AJHP JO - Am J Health Promot VL - 32 IS - 1 N2 - PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and correlates of missing meals among adolescents. DESIGN: The 2010 National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Study, a cross-sectional study. SETTING: School based. PARTICIPANTS: A nationally representative sample of 11 429 high school students. MEASURES: Breakfast, lunch, and dinner consumption; demographics; measured and perceived weight status; physical activity and sedentary behaviors; and fruit, vegetable, milk, sugar-sweetened beverage, and fast-food intake. ANALYSIS: Prevalence estimates for missing breakfast, lunch, or dinner on ≥1 day during the past 7 days were calculated. Associations between demographics and missing meals were tested. Associations of lifestyle and dietary behaviors with missing meals were examined using logistic regression controlling for sex, race/ethnicity, and grade. RESULTS: In 2010, 63.1% of students missed breakfast, 38.2% missed lunch, and 23.3% missed dinner; the prevalence was highest among female and non-Hispanic black students. Being overweight/obese, perceiving oneself to be overweight, and video game/computer use were associated with increased risk of missing meals. Physical activity behaviors were associated with reduced risk of missing meals. Students who missed breakfast were less likely to eat fruits and vegetables and more likely to consume sugar-sweetened beverages and fast food. CONCLUSION: Breakfast was the most frequently missed meal, and missing breakfast was associated with the greatest number of less healthy dietary practices. Intervention and education efforts might prioritize breakfast consumption. SN - 2168-6602 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27630112/Prevalence_and_Correlates_of_Missing_Meals_Among_High_School_Students_United_States_2010_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0890117116667348?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -