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Perceptions of breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) levels among a sample of bar patrons with BrAC values of 0.08% or higher.
Psychol Addict Behav 2016; 30(6):680-685PA

Abstract

Breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) is a commonly used measure of alcohol intoxication. Because of the potential negative consequences of excessive alcohol consumption, it is important to examine how accurately intoxicated individuals can estimate their BrAC values, especially individuals over the legal BrAC driving threshold (i.e., 0.08%). To better understand perceptions of BrAC values among intoxicated individuals, this field study examined actual BrAC values and BrAC range estimates (0.08% and above, 0.02-0.07%, less than 0.02%) among a sample of bar patrons (N = 454) with BrAC levels at 0.08% or higher. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between actual BrAC values and perceived BrAC levels. We also examined whether the following demographic and drinking variables were associated with underestimating BrAC in this sample: gender, age, race, college student status, plans to get home, and hazardous drinking. Results indicated that the majority (60.4%) of participants underestimated their BrAC (i.e., less than 0.08%) and lower BrAC values correlated with underestimating BrAC ranges (p < .001, 95% CI[0.2, 0.6]). Further, females (p = .001, 95% CI[1.3, 3.3]) and participants under 21 (p = .039, 95% CI = 1.0, 2.6) were significantly more likely to estimate their BrAC to be less than 0.08%, which is concerning given that young (less than 21) intoxicated females are a group at high risk for sexual assault on college campuses. (PsycINFO Database Record

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health Education and Promotion.Department of Health Education and Promotion.Department of Health Education and Promotion.Department of Health Education and Promotion.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27631614

Citation

Martin, Ryan J., et al. "Perceptions of Breath Alcohol Concentration (BrAC) Levels Among a Sample of Bar Patrons With BrAC Values of 0.08% or Higher." Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, vol. 30, no. 6, 2016, pp. 680-685.
Martin RJ, Chaney BH, Cremeens-Matthews J, et al. Perceptions of breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) levels among a sample of bar patrons with BrAC values of 0.08% or higher. Psychol Addict Behav. 2016;30(6):680-685.
Martin, R. J., Chaney, B. H., Cremeens-Matthews, J., & Vail-Smith, K. (2016). Perceptions of breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) levels among a sample of bar patrons with BrAC values of 0.08% or higher. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, 30(6), pp. 680-685. doi:10.1037/adb0000203.
Martin RJ, et al. Perceptions of Breath Alcohol Concentration (BrAC) Levels Among a Sample of Bar Patrons With BrAC Values of 0.08% or Higher. Psychol Addict Behav. 2016;30(6):680-685. PubMed PMID: 27631614.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Perceptions of breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) levels among a sample of bar patrons with BrAC values of 0.08% or higher. AU - Martin,Ryan J, AU - Chaney,Beth H, AU - Cremeens-Matthews,Jennifer, AU - Vail-Smith,Karen, PY - 2016/9/16/entrez PY - 2016/9/16/pubmed PY - 2016/9/16/medline SP - 680 EP - 685 JF - Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors JO - Psychol Addict Behav VL - 30 IS - 6 N2 - Breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) is a commonly used measure of alcohol intoxication. Because of the potential negative consequences of excessive alcohol consumption, it is important to examine how accurately intoxicated individuals can estimate their BrAC values, especially individuals over the legal BrAC driving threshold (i.e., 0.08%). To better understand perceptions of BrAC values among intoxicated individuals, this field study examined actual BrAC values and BrAC range estimates (0.08% and above, 0.02-0.07%, less than 0.02%) among a sample of bar patrons (N = 454) with BrAC levels at 0.08% or higher. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between actual BrAC values and perceived BrAC levels. We also examined whether the following demographic and drinking variables were associated with underestimating BrAC in this sample: gender, age, race, college student status, plans to get home, and hazardous drinking. Results indicated that the majority (60.4%) of participants underestimated their BrAC (i.e., less than 0.08%) and lower BrAC values correlated with underestimating BrAC ranges (p < .001, 95% CI[0.2, 0.6]). Further, females (p = .001, 95% CI[1.3, 3.3]) and participants under 21 (p = .039, 95% CI = 1.0, 2.6) were significantly more likely to estimate their BrAC to be less than 0.08%, which is concerning given that young (less than 21) intoxicated females are a group at high risk for sexual assault on college campuses. (PsycINFO Database Record SN - 1939-1501 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27631614/Perceptions_of_breath_alcohol_concentration__BrAC__levels_among_a_sample_of_bar_patrons_with_BrAC_values_of_0_08_or_higher_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/adb/30/6/680 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -