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The impact of an omega-3 fatty acid rich lipid emulsion on fatty acid profiles in critically ill septic patients.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Death from sepsis in the intensive therapy unit (ITU) is frequently preceded by the development of multiple organ failure as a result of uncontrolled inflammation. Treatment with omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (FAs), principally eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), has been demonstrated to attenuate the effects of uncontrolled inflammation and may be clinically beneficial in reducing mortality from organ dysfunction. Fish oil (FO) is a source of EPA and DHA.

METHODS

A randomized trial investigating the effects of parenteral (intravenous) nutrition providing FO (0.092g EPA+DHA/kg body weight/day) was conducted. Sixty consecutive ITU patients diagnosed with sepsis were randomised to receive either once daily parenteral FO and standard medical care or standard medical care only.

RESULTS

Forty one patients (21 received fish oil; 20 controls) consented to blood sampling and blood was taken on days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 10 and 13; because of deaths, patient discharge and withdrawal of consent, the number of blood samples available for analysis diminished with time. FA composition of plasma phosphatidylcholine (PC), plasma non-esterified FAs (NEFAs) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was determined by gas chromatography. EPA and DHA were rapidly incorporated into all 3 lipid pools investigated. There was a reduction in the arachidonic acid (AA) to EPA+DHA ratio in plasma PC and NEFAs. Fewer patients died in the FO group (13.3% (n=4)) compared with the control group (26.7% (n=8)) but this difference was not significant. A reduction in the AA/(EPA+DHA) ratio in PBMCs and plasma PC was associated with significantly improved survival. Plasma PC, plasma NEFA and PBMC FA profiles are rapidly altered by FO infusion in critically ill septic patients.

CONCLUSION

The provision of high dose n-3 FAs resulted in a rapid and significant increase in EPA and DHA and a reduction in AA/(EPA+DHA) ratio. This latter reduction is associated with improved survival.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Leicester General Hospital, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester LE5 4PW, United Kingdom. Electronic address: tch2@doctors.org.uk.Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Leicester General Hospital, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester LE5 4PW, United Kingdom.Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Leicester General Hospital, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester LE5 4PW, United Kingdom.Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Leicester General Hospital, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester LE5 4PW, United Kingdom.Human Development & Health Academic Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 6YD, United Kingdom.Human Development & Health Academic Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 6YD, United Kingdom; NIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust and University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, United Kingdom.Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Leicester General Hospital, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester LE5 4PW, United Kingdom.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27637335

Citation

Hall, Thomas C., et al. "The Impact of an Omega-3 Fatty Acid Rich Lipid Emulsion On Fatty Acid Profiles in Critically Ill Septic Patients." Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids, vol. 112, 2016, pp. 1-11.
Hall TC, Bilku DK, Neal CP, et al. The impact of an omega-3 fatty acid rich lipid emulsion on fatty acid profiles in critically ill septic patients. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2016;112:1-11.
Hall, T. C., Bilku, D. K., Neal, C. P., Cooke, J., Fisk, H. L., Calder, P. C., & Dennison, A. R. (2016). The impact of an omega-3 fatty acid rich lipid emulsion on fatty acid profiles in critically ill septic patients. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids, 112, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plefa.2016.07.001
Hall TC, et al. The Impact of an Omega-3 Fatty Acid Rich Lipid Emulsion On Fatty Acid Profiles in Critically Ill Septic Patients. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2016;112:1-11. PubMed PMID: 27637335.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The impact of an omega-3 fatty acid rich lipid emulsion on fatty acid profiles in critically ill septic patients. AU - Hall,Thomas C, AU - Bilku,Dilraj K, AU - Neal,Christopher P, AU - Cooke,Jill, AU - Fisk,Helena L, AU - Calder,Philip C, AU - Dennison,Ashley R, Y1 - 2016/07/14/ PY - 2016/03/31/received PY - 2016/06/18/revised PY - 2016/07/08/accepted PY - 2016/9/18/entrez PY - 2016/9/18/pubmed PY - 2017/12/12/medline KW - Fatty acids KW - Fish oil KW - Intensive care unit KW - Intensive therapy unit KW - Omega-3 KW - Sepsis SP - 1 EP - 11 JF - Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids JO - Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids VL - 112 N2 - BACKGROUND: Death from sepsis in the intensive therapy unit (ITU) is frequently preceded by the development of multiple organ failure as a result of uncontrolled inflammation. Treatment with omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (FAs), principally eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), has been demonstrated to attenuate the effects of uncontrolled inflammation and may be clinically beneficial in reducing mortality from organ dysfunction. Fish oil (FO) is a source of EPA and DHA. METHODS: A randomized trial investigating the effects of parenteral (intravenous) nutrition providing FO (0.092g EPA+DHA/kg body weight/day) was conducted. Sixty consecutive ITU patients diagnosed with sepsis were randomised to receive either once daily parenteral FO and standard medical care or standard medical care only. RESULTS: Forty one patients (21 received fish oil; 20 controls) consented to blood sampling and blood was taken on days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 10 and 13; because of deaths, patient discharge and withdrawal of consent, the number of blood samples available for analysis diminished with time. FA composition of plasma phosphatidylcholine (PC), plasma non-esterified FAs (NEFAs) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was determined by gas chromatography. EPA and DHA were rapidly incorporated into all 3 lipid pools investigated. There was a reduction in the arachidonic acid (AA) to EPA+DHA ratio in plasma PC and NEFAs. Fewer patients died in the FO group (13.3% (n=4)) compared with the control group (26.7% (n=8)) but this difference was not significant. A reduction in the AA/(EPA+DHA) ratio in PBMCs and plasma PC was associated with significantly improved survival. Plasma PC, plasma NEFA and PBMC FA profiles are rapidly altered by FO infusion in critically ill septic patients. CONCLUSION: The provision of high dose n-3 FAs resulted in a rapid and significant increase in EPA and DHA and a reduction in AA/(EPA+DHA) ratio. This latter reduction is associated with improved survival. SN - 1532-2823 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27637335/The_impact_of_an_omega_3_fatty_acid_rich_lipid_emulsion_on_fatty_acid_profiles_in_critically_ill_septic_patients_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0952-3278(16)30030-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -