Conversion of xanthine dehydrogenase to xanthine oxidase as a possible marker for hypoxia in tumours and normal tissues.Br J Cancer. 1989 Aug; 60(2):193-7.BJ
The enzyme activities of endogenous xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) and xanthine oxidase (XO) have been measured in 10 different types of mouse tumour and seven normal tissues. The conversion of XDH to XO has been observed in two tumour types upon the prolonged clamping off of the blood supply to the tumours. It is proposed that a similar conversion might also occur naturally in chronically hypoxic cells and that the ratio of the XO activity to the combined XO + XDH activities (%XO activity) could well serve as a marker for tissue hypoxia. A qualitative relationship exists between the %XO activity and literature values of the hypoxic fraction for some tumours measured by radiobiological assays. The influence of tumour size (about 0.2-1.8 g) on %XO activity is presented for all 10 tumours as well as %XO activity determinations for four of the normal tissues.