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Women Veterans' Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence and Non-Partner Sexual Assault in the Context of Military Service: Implications for Supporting Women's Health and Well-Being.
J Interpers Violence. 2018 03; 33(6):843-864.JI

Abstract

Women who have served in the military in the United States experience high rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) and non-partner sexual assault (SA). The military setting presents challenges and opportunities not experienced in other employment contexts that may compound the negative impacts of IPV/SA on women's lives. The purpose of this study was to explore the intersection of women's experiences of IPV/SA and military service through analysis of women veterans' narrative accounts. We conducted in-depth face-to-face qualitative interviews with 25 women veterans receiving primary care at a U.S. Veterans Affairs Medical Center. We draw upon Adler and Castro's (2013) Military Occupational Mental Health Model to frame our understanding of the impact of IPV/SA as a stressor in the military cultural context and to inform efforts to prevent, and support women service members who have experienced, these forms of violence. Our findings highlight the impact of IPV/SA on women's military careers, including options for entering and leaving military service, job performance, and opportunities for advancement. Women's narratives also reveal ways in which the military context constrains their options for responding to and coping with experiences of IPV/SA. These findings have implications for prevention of, and response to, intimate partner or sexual violence experienced by women serving in the military and underscore the need for both military and civilian communities to recognize and address the negative impact of such violence on women service members before, during, and after military service.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Philadelphia, PA, USA. 2 University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.1 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Philadelphia, PA, USA.3 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, New Orleans, LA, USA. 4 Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27655865

Citation

Dichter, Melissa E., et al. "Women Veterans' Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence and Non-Partner Sexual Assault in the Context of Military Service: Implications for Supporting Women's Health and Well-Being." Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 33, no. 6, 2018, pp. 843-864.
Dichter ME, Wagner C, True G. Women Veterans' Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence and Non-Partner Sexual Assault in the Context of Military Service: Implications for Supporting Women's Health and Well-Being. J Interpers Violence. 2018;33(6):843-864.
Dichter, M. E., Wagner, C., & True, G. (2018). Women Veterans' Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence and Non-Partner Sexual Assault in the Context of Military Service: Implications for Supporting Women's Health and Well-Being. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 33(6), 843-864. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260516669166
Dichter ME, Wagner C, True G. Women Veterans' Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence and Non-Partner Sexual Assault in the Context of Military Service: Implications for Supporting Women's Health and Well-Being. J Interpers Violence. 2018;33(6):843-864. PubMed PMID: 27655865.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Women Veterans' Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence and Non-Partner Sexual Assault in the Context of Military Service: Implications for Supporting Women's Health and Well-Being. AU - Dichter,Melissa E, AU - Wagner,Clara, AU - True,Gala, Y1 - 2016/09/20/ PY - 2016/9/23/pubmed PY - 2019/8/27/medline PY - 2016/9/23/entrez KW - intimate partner violence KW - military KW - qualitative KW - sexual assault KW - women veterans SP - 843 EP - 864 JF - Journal of interpersonal violence JO - J Interpers Violence VL - 33 IS - 6 N2 - Women who have served in the military in the United States experience high rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) and non-partner sexual assault (SA). The military setting presents challenges and opportunities not experienced in other employment contexts that may compound the negative impacts of IPV/SA on women's lives. The purpose of this study was to explore the intersection of women's experiences of IPV/SA and military service through analysis of women veterans' narrative accounts. We conducted in-depth face-to-face qualitative interviews with 25 women veterans receiving primary care at a U.S. Veterans Affairs Medical Center. We draw upon Adler and Castro's (2013) Military Occupational Mental Health Model to frame our understanding of the impact of IPV/SA as a stressor in the military cultural context and to inform efforts to prevent, and support women service members who have experienced, these forms of violence. Our findings highlight the impact of IPV/SA on women's military careers, including options for entering and leaving military service, job performance, and opportunities for advancement. Women's narratives also reveal ways in which the military context constrains their options for responding to and coping with experiences of IPV/SA. These findings have implications for prevention of, and response to, intimate partner or sexual violence experienced by women serving in the military and underscore the need for both military and civilian communities to recognize and address the negative impact of such violence on women service members before, during, and after military service. SN - 1552-6518 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27655865/Women_Veterans'_Experiences_of_Intimate_Partner_Violence_and_Non_Partner_Sexual_Assault_in_the_Context_of_Military_Service:_Implications_for_Supporting_Women's_Health_and_Well_Being_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0886260516669166?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -