Coeliac disease: immunogenicity studies of barley hordein and rye secalin-derived peptides.Int J Exp Pathol. 2016 08; 97(4):303-309.IJ
Coeliac disease (CD) is an inflammatory disorder of the small intestine. It includes aberrant adaptive immunity with presentation of CD toxic gluten peptides by HLA-DQ2 or DQ8 molecules to gluten-sensitive T cells. A ω-gliadin/C-hordein peptide (QPFPQPEQPFPW) and a rye-derived secalin peptide (QPFPQPQQPIPQ) were proposed to be toxic in CD, as they yielded positive responses when assessed with peripheral blood T-cell clones derived from individuals with CD. We sought to assess the immunogenicity of the candidate peptides using gluten-sensitive T-cell lines obtained from CD small intestinal biopsies. We also sought to investigate the potential cross-reactivity of wheat gluten-sensitive T-cell lines with peptic-tryptic digested barley hordein (PTH) and rye secalin (PTS). Synthesised candidate peptides were deamidated with tissue transglutaminase (tTG). Gluten-sensitive T-cell lines were generated by culturing small intestinal biopsies from CD patients with peptic-tryptic gluten (PTG), PTH or PTS, along with autologous PBMCs for antigen presentation. The stimulation indices were determined by measuring the relative cellular proliferation via incorporation of 3 H-thymidine. The majority of T-cell lines reacted to the peptides studied. There was also cross-reactivity between wheat gluten-sensitive T-cell lines and the hordein, gliadin and secalin peptides. PTH, PTS, barley hordein and rye secalin-derived CD antigen-sensitive T-cell lines showed positive stimulation with PTG. ω-gliadin/C-hordein peptide and rye-derived peptide are immunogenic to gluten-sensitive T-cell lines and potentially present in wheat, rye and barley. Additional CD toxic peptides may be shared.