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Allergic rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema: prevalence and associated factors in children.
Clin Respir J. 2018 Feb; 12(2):547-556.CR

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We aim to describe the data collected from India during phase 3 of the International study of asthma and allergy in childhood (ISAAC) study. Prevalence, severity, and population characteristics associated with rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema were assessed.

METHODS

Children from two age groups (6-7 and 13-14 years) were included in the study as per the ISAAC protocol. The symptoms of allergy and associated features were assessed using a questionnaire.

RESULTS

The prevalence of allergic rhinitis among the 6-7 years age group was 11.3%, while it was 24.4% in the 13-14 years age group. The prevalence of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis was 3.9% in the 6-7 years age group and 10.9% in the 13-14 years age group. The prevalence of eczema was 2.8% in the 6-7 years age group and 3.7% in the 13-14 years age group. The passage of trucks near home, parental smoking, use of paracetamol, use of antibiotics, cooking with firewood, and television watching were associated with allergic rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema. Maternal smoking was the strongest of all the associated features for allergic rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema, especially in the 6-7 years age group (odds ratio: 1.9, 95% CI: 1.5-2.4; odds ratio: 2.9, 95% CI, 2.2-3.9; and odds ratio: 3.5, 95% CI: 2.6-4.8, respectively).

CONCLUSION

Allergic conditions like allergic rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema are prevalent among Indian children and are associated with environmental tobacco smoke, paracetamol use, antibiotic use, television watching, and outdoor and indoor air pollution.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Respiratory Disease, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.Internal Medicine, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.Chest Research Foundation, Marigold Premises, Pune, India.Department of Pediatrics, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, India.Respiratory Medicine, Pioneer Medical Centre, Jodhpur, India.Department of Pediatrics, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.Department of General Medicine, Panjat Hospital, Mumbai, India.Bapuji Child Health Institute and Research Centre, J.J.M. Medical College, Davangere, India.Department of Pediatrics, King George's Medical College, Lucknow, India.Department of Pediatrics, KEM Hospital Research Centre, Rasta Peth, Pune, India.Department of Pediatrics, St. John' Medical College and hospital, Bangalore, India.Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Child Health, Medical College, Kottayam, India.Department of Pediatrics, Dr Khatav Mother & Child Hospital, Borivali, Mumbai, India.Pulmonary Medicine, Asthma Bhawan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.Department of Internal Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.Department of Medicine, MAMC, Agroha, S.P. Medical College, Bikaner, India.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27663282

Citation

Singh, Sheetu, et al. "Allergic Rhinitis, Rhinoconjunctivitis, and Eczema: Prevalence and Associated Factors in Children." The Clinical Respiratory Journal, vol. 12, no. 2, 2018, pp. 547-556.
Singh S, Sharma BB, Salvi S, et al. Allergic rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema: prevalence and associated factors in children. Clin Respir J. 2018;12(2):547-556.
Singh, S., Sharma, B. B., Salvi, S., Chhatwal, J., Jain, K. C., Kumar, L., Joshi, M. K., Pandramajal, S. B., Awasthi, S., Bhave, S., Rego, S., Sukumaran, T. U., Khatav, V. A., Singh, V., Sharma, S. K., & Sabir, M. (2018). Allergic rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema: prevalence and associated factors in children. The Clinical Respiratory Journal, 12(2), 547-556. https://doi.org/10.1111/crj.12561
Singh S, et al. Allergic Rhinitis, Rhinoconjunctivitis, and Eczema: Prevalence and Associated Factors in Children. Clin Respir J. 2018;12(2):547-556. PubMed PMID: 27663282.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Allergic rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema: prevalence and associated factors in children. AU - Singh,Sheetu, AU - Sharma,Bharat Bhushan, AU - Salvi,Sundeep, AU - Chhatwal,Jugesh, AU - Jain,Kailash Chandra, AU - Kumar,Lata, AU - Joshi,Mohan Keshav, AU - Pandramajal,Suresh Babu, AU - Awasthi,Shally, AU - Bhave,Sheila, AU - Rego,Sylvan, AU - Sukumaran,Thevaruparambil Unny, AU - Khatav,Vasant A, AU - Singh,Virendra, AU - Sharma,Surendra Kumar, AU - Sabir,Mohammed, Y1 - 2016/10/12/ PY - 2016/03/27/received PY - 2016/08/23/revised PY - 2016/09/17/accepted PY - 2016/9/25/pubmed PY - 2018/9/11/medline PY - 2016/9/25/entrez KW - allergic rhinitis KW - child KW - eczema KW - rhinoconjunctivitis KW - smoking SP - 547 EP - 556 JF - The clinical respiratory journal JO - Clin Respir J VL - 12 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We aim to describe the data collected from India during phase 3 of the International study of asthma and allergy in childhood (ISAAC) study. Prevalence, severity, and population characteristics associated with rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema were assessed. METHODS: Children from two age groups (6-7 and 13-14 years) were included in the study as per the ISAAC protocol. The symptoms of allergy and associated features were assessed using a questionnaire. RESULTS: The prevalence of allergic rhinitis among the 6-7 years age group was 11.3%, while it was 24.4% in the 13-14 years age group. The prevalence of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis was 3.9% in the 6-7 years age group and 10.9% in the 13-14 years age group. The prevalence of eczema was 2.8% in the 6-7 years age group and 3.7% in the 13-14 years age group. The passage of trucks near home, parental smoking, use of paracetamol, use of antibiotics, cooking with firewood, and television watching were associated with allergic rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema. Maternal smoking was the strongest of all the associated features for allergic rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema, especially in the 6-7 years age group (odds ratio: 1.9, 95% CI: 1.5-2.4; odds ratio: 2.9, 95% CI, 2.2-3.9; and odds ratio: 3.5, 95% CI: 2.6-4.8, respectively). CONCLUSION: Allergic conditions like allergic rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema are prevalent among Indian children and are associated with environmental tobacco smoke, paracetamol use, antibiotic use, television watching, and outdoor and indoor air pollution. SN - 1752-699X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27663282/Allergic_rhinitis_rhinoconjunctivitis_and_eczema:_prevalence_and_associated_factors_in_children_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -