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Relationship between bone mineral density and dietary intake of β-carotene, vitamin C, zinc and vegetables in postmenopausal Korean women: a cross-sectional study.
J Int Med Res 2016; 44(5):1103-1114JI

Abstract

Objective To examine the relationship between nutritional intake and bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal Korean women. Methods Dietary intake was recorded in postmenopausal Korean women using a semiquantitative questionnaire. The frequency of consumption of various food groups and nutrient intake were calculated. BMD T-scores were measured at the lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Associations between T-scores and dietary intake were analysed using partial correlation coefficients and multiple linear regression analysis. Results A total of 189 postmenopausal women were included in the study. β-Carotene intake was positively correlated with the lumbar spine T-score. Sodium and vitamin C intake were positively associated and folate intake negatively associated with the femoral neck T-score. Sodium, zinc and vitamin C intake were positively correlated and potassium intake was negatively correlated with the total hip T-score. Vegetable intake showed a positive association with the femoral neck and total hip T-scores. Conclusion In postmenopausal Korean women, β-carotene, vitamin C, zinc and sodium intakes were positively associated with bone mass. Furthermore, frequency of vegetable consumption was positively associated with femoral neck and total hip T-scores.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.1 Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.1 Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27664069

Citation

Kim, Da Eun, et al. "Relationship Between Bone Mineral Density and Dietary Intake of Β-carotene, Vitamin C, Zinc and Vegetables in Postmenopausal Korean Women: a Cross-sectional Study." The Journal of International Medical Research, vol. 44, no. 5, 2016, pp. 1103-1114.
Kim DE, Cho SH, Park HM, et al. Relationship between bone mineral density and dietary intake of β-carotene, vitamin C, zinc and vegetables in postmenopausal Korean women: a cross-sectional study. J Int Med Res. 2016;44(5):1103-1114.
Kim, D. E., Cho, S. H., Park, H. M., & Chang, Y. K. (2016). Relationship between bone mineral density and dietary intake of β-carotene, vitamin C, zinc and vegetables in postmenopausal Korean women: a cross-sectional study. The Journal of International Medical Research, 44(5), pp. 1103-1114. doi:10.1177/0300060516662402.
Kim DE, et al. Relationship Between Bone Mineral Density and Dietary Intake of Β-carotene, Vitamin C, Zinc and Vegetables in Postmenopausal Korean Women: a Cross-sectional Study. J Int Med Res. 2016;44(5):1103-1114. PubMed PMID: 27664069.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relationship between bone mineral density and dietary intake of β-carotene, vitamin C, zinc and vegetables in postmenopausal Korean women: a cross-sectional study. AU - Kim,Da Eun, AU - Cho,Soo Hyun, AU - Park,Hyoung Moo, AU - Chang,Yu Kyung, Y1 - 2016/09/27/ PY - 2016/9/25/pubmed PY - 2017/6/1/medline PY - 2016/9/25/entrez KW - Osteoporosis KW - bone mineral density KW - food frequency KW - menopause KW - nutrients SP - 1103 EP - 1114 JF - The Journal of international medical research JO - J. Int. Med. Res. VL - 44 IS - 5 N2 - Objective To examine the relationship between nutritional intake and bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal Korean women. Methods Dietary intake was recorded in postmenopausal Korean women using a semiquantitative questionnaire. The frequency of consumption of various food groups and nutrient intake were calculated. BMD T-scores were measured at the lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Associations between T-scores and dietary intake were analysed using partial correlation coefficients and multiple linear regression analysis. Results A total of 189 postmenopausal women were included in the study. β-Carotene intake was positively correlated with the lumbar spine T-score. Sodium and vitamin C intake were positively associated and folate intake negatively associated with the femoral neck T-score. Sodium, zinc and vitamin C intake were positively correlated and potassium intake was negatively correlated with the total hip T-score. Vegetable intake showed a positive association with the femoral neck and total hip T-scores. Conclusion In postmenopausal Korean women, β-carotene, vitamin C, zinc and sodium intakes were positively associated with bone mass. Furthermore, frequency of vegetable consumption was positively associated with femoral neck and total hip T-scores. SN - 1473-2300 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27664069/Relationship_between_bone_mineral_density_and_dietary_intake_of_β_carotene_vitamin_C_zinc_and_vegetables_in_postmenopausal_Korean_women:_a_cross_sectional_study_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0300060516662402?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -