Single-step Coprocessing of Cohesive Powder via Mechanical Dry Coating for Direct Tablet Compression.J Pharm Sci. 2017 01; 106(1):159-167.JP
This study aims at testing the feasibility of a single-step coating process to produce a powder formulation of active and inactive ingredients for direct compression. A cohesive ibuprofen powder was coprocessed with a coating material, a binder (polyvinylpyrrolidone K25), and a superdisintegrant (crospovidone). Magnesium stearate (MgSt), l-leucine, and silica were selected as coating materials (1% w/w). A coprocessed powder without any coating material was employed as a control. Coating with MgSt, l-leucine, or silica produced significantly improved powder flow in comparison to the control batch. Robust tablets were produced from the processed powders for each coating material. The tablets compacted using the coated powders with MgSt or l-leucine also exhibited significantly lower tablet ejection forces than the control batch, demonstrating their lubrication effect. Furthermore, the disintegration time and dissolution rates of these tablets made of the formulations coprocessed with lubricants were enhanced, even for those coated with the hydrophobic material such as MgSt that has been previously reported to inhibit dissolution. However, the tablets made with silica-coated powders would not disintegrate. This study indicated the feasibility of a single-step dry coating process to produce powders with both flow-aid and lubrication effects, which are suitable for direct compression.