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Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration Among Adolescent Males in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Globally.
J Adolesc Health. 2016 12; 59(6):696-702.JA

Abstract

PURPOSE

Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects one in three women globally, with adolescent and young adult women at highest risk. Less is known about IPV perpetration. We compare the prevalence and correlates of IPV perpetration among 15- to 19-year-old adolescent males in Baltimore (United States), Johannesburg (South Africa), Delhi (India), and Shanghai (China).

METHODS

A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2013 with males aged 15-19 recruited via respondent-driven sampling from disadvantaged neighborhoods in four cities: Baltimore (United States), New Delhi (India), Johannesburg (South Africa), and Shanghai (China); total n = 751 ever-partnered men. We describe the prevalence of past-year physical and sexual IPV perpetration and evaluate associations with gender norm attitudes, mental health, substance use, victimization experiences, and demographic factors.

RESULTS

Past-year physical or sexual IPV perpetration ranged from 9% in Shanghai to 40% in Johannesburg. Factors associated with past-year perpetration across multiple sites included: binge drinking (Johannesburg adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.8, Baltimore AOR = 6.7, and Shanghai AOR = 3.2), depressive symptoms (Johannesburg AOR = 2.4 and Shanghai AOR = 2.2), victimization in the home (Baltimore AOR = 2.5, Shanghai AOR = 2.7, and Johannesburg AOR = 1.7), and community violence victimization (Baltimore AOR = 7.0, Delhi AOR = 4.1, and Johannesburg AOR = 2.8). Equitable gender norm attitudes were protective against IPV perpetration in Johannesburg and Shanghai. Demographic factors (e.g., age, employment, and education) were inconsistently associated with IPV perpetration across sites.

CONCLUSIONS

Past-year IPV perpetration was prevalent with differences identified across settings. Findings suggest the need to scale up evidence-based interventions targeting adolescents in disadvantaged urban communities in order to address many modifiable factors associated with IPV perpetration in this study.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.Population Council, New Delhi, Delhi, India.Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research, Shanghai, China.Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, School of Clinical Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address: mdecker@jhu.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27665152

Citation

Peitzmeier, Sarah M., et al. "Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration Among Adolescent Males in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Globally." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 59, no. 6, 2016, pp. 696-702.
Peitzmeier SM, Kågesten A, Acharya R, et al. Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration Among Adolescent Males in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Globally. J Adolesc Health. 2016;59(6):696-702.
Peitzmeier, S. M., Kågesten, A., Acharya, R., Cheng, Y., Delany-Moretlwe, S., Olumide, A., Blum, R. W., Sonenstein, F., & Decker, M. R. (2016). Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration Among Adolescent Males in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Globally. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 59(6), 696-702. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.07.019
Peitzmeier SM, et al. Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration Among Adolescent Males in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Globally. J Adolesc Health. 2016;59(6):696-702. PubMed PMID: 27665152.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration Among Adolescent Males in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Globally. AU - Peitzmeier,Sarah M, AU - Kågesten,Anna, AU - Acharya,Rajib, AU - Cheng,Yan, AU - Delany-Moretlwe,Sinead, AU - Olumide,Adesola, AU - Blum,Robert Wm, AU - Sonenstein,Freya, AU - Decker,Michele R, Y1 - 2016/09/21/ PY - 2016/03/06/received PY - 2016/06/03/revised PY - 2016/07/14/accepted PY - 2016/9/26/pubmed PY - 2018/2/6/medline PY - 2016/9/26/entrez KW - Adolescents KW - Cross-cultural KW - Intimate partner violence KW - Perpetration KW - Urban SP - 696 EP - 702 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 59 IS - 6 N2 - PURPOSE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects one in three women globally, with adolescent and young adult women at highest risk. Less is known about IPV perpetration. We compare the prevalence and correlates of IPV perpetration among 15- to 19-year-old adolescent males in Baltimore (United States), Johannesburg (South Africa), Delhi (India), and Shanghai (China). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2013 with males aged 15-19 recruited via respondent-driven sampling from disadvantaged neighborhoods in four cities: Baltimore (United States), New Delhi (India), Johannesburg (South Africa), and Shanghai (China); total n = 751 ever-partnered men. We describe the prevalence of past-year physical and sexual IPV perpetration and evaluate associations with gender norm attitudes, mental health, substance use, victimization experiences, and demographic factors. RESULTS: Past-year physical or sexual IPV perpetration ranged from 9% in Shanghai to 40% in Johannesburg. Factors associated with past-year perpetration across multiple sites included: binge drinking (Johannesburg adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.8, Baltimore AOR = 6.7, and Shanghai AOR = 3.2), depressive symptoms (Johannesburg AOR = 2.4 and Shanghai AOR = 2.2), victimization in the home (Baltimore AOR = 2.5, Shanghai AOR = 2.7, and Johannesburg AOR = 1.7), and community violence victimization (Baltimore AOR = 7.0, Delhi AOR = 4.1, and Johannesburg AOR = 2.8). Equitable gender norm attitudes were protective against IPV perpetration in Johannesburg and Shanghai. Demographic factors (e.g., age, employment, and education) were inconsistently associated with IPV perpetration across sites. CONCLUSIONS: Past-year IPV perpetration was prevalent with differences identified across settings. Findings suggest the need to scale up evidence-based interventions targeting adolescents in disadvantaged urban communities in order to address many modifiable factors associated with IPV perpetration in this study. SN - 1879-1972 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27665152/Intimate_Partner_Violence_Perpetration_Among_Adolescent_Males_in_Disadvantaged_Neighborhoods_Globally_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -