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Energy Harvesters for Wearable and Stretchable Electronics: From Flexibility to Stretchability.
Adv Mater 2016; 28(45):9881-9919AM

Abstract

The rapid advancements of wearable electronics have caused a paradigm shift in consumer electronics, and the emerging development of stretchable electronics opens a new spectrum of applications for electronic systems. Playing a critical role as the power sources for independent electronic systems, energy harvesters with high flexibility or stretchability have been the focus of research efforts over the past decade. A large number of the flexible energy harvesters developed can only operate at very low strain level (≈0.1%), and their limited flexibility impedes their application in wearable or stretchable electronics. Here, the development of highly flexible and stretchable (stretchability >15% strain) energy harvesters is reviewed with emphasis on strategies of materials synthesis, device fabrication, and integration schemes for enhanced flexibility and stretchability. Due to their particular potential applications in wearable and stretchable electronics, energy-harvesting devices based on piezoelectricity, triboelectricity, thermoelectricity, and dielectric elastomers have been largely developed and the progress is summarized. The challenges and opportunities of assembly and integration of energy harvesters into stretchable systems are also discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

State Key Laboratory of Digital Manufacturing Equipment and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, China.State Key Laboratory of Digital Manufacturing Equipment and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, China.Portland Technology Development, Intel Corporation, Hillsboro, OR, 97124, USA.State Key Laboratory of Digital Manufacturing Equipment and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, China.State Key Laboratory of Digital Manufacturing Equipment and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27677428

Citation

Wu, Hao, et al. "Energy Harvesters for Wearable and Stretchable Electronics: From Flexibility to Stretchability." Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), vol. 28, no. 45, 2016, pp. 9881-9919.
Wu H, Huang Y, Xu F, et al. Energy Harvesters for Wearable and Stretchable Electronics: From Flexibility to Stretchability. Adv Mater Weinheim. 2016;28(45):9881-9919.
Wu, H., Huang, Y., Xu, F., Duan, Y., & Yin, Z. (2016). Energy Harvesters for Wearable and Stretchable Electronics: From Flexibility to Stretchability. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 28(45), pp. 9881-9919. doi:10.1002/adma.201602251.
Wu H, et al. Energy Harvesters for Wearable and Stretchable Electronics: From Flexibility to Stretchability. Adv Mater Weinheim. 2016;28(45):9881-9919. PubMed PMID: 27677428.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Energy Harvesters for Wearable and Stretchable Electronics: From Flexibility to Stretchability. AU - Wu,Hao, AU - Huang,YongAn, AU - Xu,Feng, AU - Duan,Yongqing, AU - Yin,Zhouping, Y1 - 2016/09/28/ PY - 2016/04/27/received PY - 2016/06/06/revised PY - 2016/9/30/pubmed PY - 2016/9/30/medline PY - 2016/9/29/entrez KW - energy harvesters KW - flexibility KW - stretchability KW - stretchable electronics KW - wearable electronics SP - 9881 EP - 9919 JF - Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.) JO - Adv. Mater. Weinheim VL - 28 IS - 45 N2 - The rapid advancements of wearable electronics have caused a paradigm shift in consumer electronics, and the emerging development of stretchable electronics opens a new spectrum of applications for electronic systems. Playing a critical role as the power sources for independent electronic systems, energy harvesters with high flexibility or stretchability have been the focus of research efforts over the past decade. A large number of the flexible energy harvesters developed can only operate at very low strain level (≈0.1%), and their limited flexibility impedes their application in wearable or stretchable electronics. Here, the development of highly flexible and stretchable (stretchability >15% strain) energy harvesters is reviewed with emphasis on strategies of materials synthesis, device fabrication, and integration schemes for enhanced flexibility and stretchability. Due to their particular potential applications in wearable and stretchable electronics, energy-harvesting devices based on piezoelectricity, triboelectricity, thermoelectricity, and dielectric elastomers have been largely developed and the progress is summarized. The challenges and opportunities of assembly and integration of energy harvesters into stretchable systems are also discussed. SN - 1521-4095 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27677428/Energy_Harvesters_for_Wearable_and_Stretchable_Electronics:_From_Flexibility_to_Stretchability_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201602251 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -