Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Modeled Dietary Impact of Pizza Reformulations in US Children and Adolescents.
PLoS One. 2016; 11(10):e0164197.Plos

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE

Approximately 20% of US children and adolescents consume pizza on any given day; and pizza intake is associated with higher intakes of energy, sodium, and saturated fat. The reformulation of pizza products has yet to be evaluated as a viable option to improve diets of the US youth. This study modeled the effect on nutrient intakes of two potential pizza reformulation strategies based on the standards established by the Nestlé Nutritional Profiling System (NNPS).

METHODS

Dietary intakes were retrieved from the first 24hr-recall of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-12, for 2655 participants aged 4-19 years. The composition of pizzas in the NHANES food database (n = 69) were compared against the NNPS standards for energy, total fat, saturated fat, sodium, added sugars, and protein. In a reformulation scenario, the nutrient content of pizzas was adjusted to the NNPS standards if these were not met. In a substitution scenario, pizzas that did not meet the standards were replaced by the closest pizza, based on nutrient content, that met all of the NNPS standards.

RESULTS

Pizzas consistent with all the NNPS standards (29% of all pizzas) were significantly lower in energy, saturated fat and sodium than pizzas that were not. Among pizza consumers, modeled intakes in the reformulation and substitution scenarios were lower in energy (-14 and -45kcal, respectively), saturated fat (-1.2 and -2.7g), and sodium (-143 and -153mg) compared to baseline.

CONCLUSIONS

Potential industry wide reformulation of a single food category or intra-category food substitutions may positively impact dietary intakes of US children and adolescents. Further promotion and support of these complimentary strategies may facilitate the adoption and implementation of reformulation standards.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Public Health Nutrition, Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland.Public Health Nutrition, Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland.Public Health Nutrition, Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland.Public Health Nutrition, Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland. Department of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University and Research Center, Wageningen, The Netherlands.Public Health Nutrition, Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland.Institute of Food and Health, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Coleraine, United Kingdom.Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27706221

Citation

Masset, Gabriel, et al. "Modeled Dietary Impact of Pizza Reformulations in US Children and Adolescents." PloS One, vol. 11, no. 10, 2016, pp. e0164197.
Masset G, Mathias KC, Vlassopoulos A, et al. Modeled Dietary Impact of Pizza Reformulations in US Children and Adolescents. PLoS One. 2016;11(10):e0164197.
Masset, G., Mathias, K. C., Vlassopoulos, A., Mölenberg, F., Lehmann, U., Gibney, M., & Drewnowski, A. (2016). Modeled Dietary Impact of Pizza Reformulations in US Children and Adolescents. PloS One, 11(10), e0164197. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0164197
Masset G, et al. Modeled Dietary Impact of Pizza Reformulations in US Children and Adolescents. PLoS One. 2016;11(10):e0164197. PubMed PMID: 27706221.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Modeled Dietary Impact of Pizza Reformulations in US Children and Adolescents. AU - Masset,Gabriel, AU - Mathias,Kevin C, AU - Vlassopoulos,Antonis, AU - Mölenberg,Famke, AU - Lehmann,Undine, AU - Gibney,Mike, AU - Drewnowski,Adam, Y1 - 2016/10/05/ PY - 2016/03/22/received PY - 2016/09/21/accepted PY - 2016/10/6/entrez PY - 2016/10/6/pubmed PY - 2017/6/21/medline SP - e0164197 EP - e0164197 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 11 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Approximately 20% of US children and adolescents consume pizza on any given day; and pizza intake is associated with higher intakes of energy, sodium, and saturated fat. The reformulation of pizza products has yet to be evaluated as a viable option to improve diets of the US youth. This study modeled the effect on nutrient intakes of two potential pizza reformulation strategies based on the standards established by the Nestlé Nutritional Profiling System (NNPS). METHODS: Dietary intakes were retrieved from the first 24hr-recall of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-12, for 2655 participants aged 4-19 years. The composition of pizzas in the NHANES food database (n = 69) were compared against the NNPS standards for energy, total fat, saturated fat, sodium, added sugars, and protein. In a reformulation scenario, the nutrient content of pizzas was adjusted to the NNPS standards if these were not met. In a substitution scenario, pizzas that did not meet the standards were replaced by the closest pizza, based on nutrient content, that met all of the NNPS standards. RESULTS: Pizzas consistent with all the NNPS standards (29% of all pizzas) were significantly lower in energy, saturated fat and sodium than pizzas that were not. Among pizza consumers, modeled intakes in the reformulation and substitution scenarios were lower in energy (-14 and -45kcal, respectively), saturated fat (-1.2 and -2.7g), and sodium (-143 and -153mg) compared to baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Potential industry wide reformulation of a single food category or intra-category food substitutions may positively impact dietary intakes of US children and adolescents. Further promotion and support of these complimentary strategies may facilitate the adoption and implementation of reformulation standards. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27706221/Modeled_Dietary_Impact_of_Pizza_Reformulations_in_US_Children_and_Adolescents_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0164197 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -