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The prevalence and factors associated with ever perpetrating intimate partner violence by men receiving substance use treatment in Brazil and England: A cross-cultural comparison.
Drug Alcohol Rev. 2017 01; 36(1):34-51.DA

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS

Intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration is common among men who use substances. Substance use is a contributing factor for IPV perpetration. This cross-sectional study determined lifetime prevalence and factors associated with ever perpetrating IPV by men receiving substance use treatment in Brazil (n = 281) and England (n = 223).

DESIGN AND METHODS

IPV, adverse childhood experiences, attitudes towards gender relations and roles, current health state, substance use, depressive symptoms and anger expression were assessed. Logistic regression determined factors associated with ever perpetrating any (emotional, physical and/or sexual) IPV. Multinomial logistic regression determined factors associated with ever perpetrating different types of IPV.

RESULTS

74.6% (373/500) reported ever perpetrating IPV: 16.5% (82/498) emotional IPV only, 46.4% (231/498) physical IPV (with/without emotional IPV) and 11.6% (58/498) sexual IPV (with/without emotional and/or physical IPV). Higher anger expression, higher depressive symptoms, fighting physically with another man in the past year (Brazil only), experiencing a greater number of adverse childhood experiences and a higher hazardous drinking score (England only) predicted ever perpetrating IPV. Compared to never perpetrating any IPV, anger expression was associated with emotional and physical IPV perpetration; fighting physically with another man in the past year was associated with physical IPV perpetration and experiencing a greater number of adverse childhood experiences and a higher hazardous drinking score were associated with both physical and sexual IPV perpetration.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS

Integrated interventions that address IPV and substance use delivered in substance use treatment could improve outcomes for perpetrators and victims.[Gilchrist G, Radcliffe P, Noto AR, d'Oliveira AFPL. The prevalence and factors associated with ever perpetrating intimate partner violence by men receiving substance use treatment in Brazil and England: A cross-cultural comparison. Drug Alcohol Rev 2017;36:34-51].

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK. Department of General Practice, University of Melbourne, Victoria, 3010, Australia.National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.Department of Psychobiology, Centre Brasileiro of Information on Drugs, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.Gender Violence and Health Research Group, Department of Preventive Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27709693

Citation

Gilchrist, Gail, et al. "The Prevalence and Factors Associated With Ever Perpetrating Intimate Partner Violence By Men Receiving Substance Use Treatment in Brazil and England: a Cross-cultural Comparison." Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 36, no. 1, 2017, pp. 34-51.
Gilchrist G, Radcliffe P, Noto AR, et al. The prevalence and factors associated with ever perpetrating intimate partner violence by men receiving substance use treatment in Brazil and England: A cross-cultural comparison. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2017;36(1):34-51.
Gilchrist, G., Radcliffe, P., Noto, A. R., & d'Oliveira, A. F. (2017). The prevalence and factors associated with ever perpetrating intimate partner violence by men receiving substance use treatment in Brazil and England: A cross-cultural comparison. Drug and Alcohol Review, 36(1), 34-51. https://doi.org/10.1111/dar.12436
Gilchrist G, et al. The Prevalence and Factors Associated With Ever Perpetrating Intimate Partner Violence By Men Receiving Substance Use Treatment in Brazil and England: a Cross-cultural Comparison. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2017;36(1):34-51. PubMed PMID: 27709693.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The prevalence and factors associated with ever perpetrating intimate partner violence by men receiving substance use treatment in Brazil and England: A cross-cultural comparison. AU - Gilchrist,Gail, AU - Radcliffe,Polly, AU - Noto,Ana Regina, AU - d'Oliveira,Ana Flávia Pires Lucas, Y1 - 2016/10/05/ PY - 2016/02/10/received PY - 2016/04/27/revised PY - 2016/05/05/accepted PY - 2016/10/7/pubmed PY - 2018/2/14/medline PY - 2016/10/7/entrez KW - cross-sectional study KW - intimate partner violence KW - men KW - risk factors KW - substance use SP - 34 EP - 51 JF - Drug and alcohol review JO - Drug Alcohol Rev VL - 36 IS - 1 N2 - INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration is common among men who use substances. Substance use is a contributing factor for IPV perpetration. This cross-sectional study determined lifetime prevalence and factors associated with ever perpetrating IPV by men receiving substance use treatment in Brazil (n = 281) and England (n = 223). DESIGN AND METHODS: IPV, adverse childhood experiences, attitudes towards gender relations and roles, current health state, substance use, depressive symptoms and anger expression were assessed. Logistic regression determined factors associated with ever perpetrating any (emotional, physical and/or sexual) IPV. Multinomial logistic regression determined factors associated with ever perpetrating different types of IPV. RESULTS: 74.6% (373/500) reported ever perpetrating IPV: 16.5% (82/498) emotional IPV only, 46.4% (231/498) physical IPV (with/without emotional IPV) and 11.6% (58/498) sexual IPV (with/without emotional and/or physical IPV). Higher anger expression, higher depressive symptoms, fighting physically with another man in the past year (Brazil only), experiencing a greater number of adverse childhood experiences and a higher hazardous drinking score (England only) predicted ever perpetrating IPV. Compared to never perpetrating any IPV, anger expression was associated with emotional and physical IPV perpetration; fighting physically with another man in the past year was associated with physical IPV perpetration and experiencing a greater number of adverse childhood experiences and a higher hazardous drinking score were associated with both physical and sexual IPV perpetration. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Integrated interventions that address IPV and substance use delivered in substance use treatment could improve outcomes for perpetrators and victims.[Gilchrist G, Radcliffe P, Noto AR, d'Oliveira AFPL. The prevalence and factors associated with ever perpetrating intimate partner violence by men receiving substance use treatment in Brazil and England: A cross-cultural comparison. Drug Alcohol Rev 2017;36:34-51]. SN - 1465-3362 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27709693/The_prevalence_and_factors_associated_with_ever_perpetrating_intimate_partner_violence_by_men_receiving_substance_use_treatment_in_Brazil_and_England:_A_cross_cultural_comparison_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/dar.12436 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -