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Headaches: a Review of the Role of Dietary Factors.
Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 2016; 16(11):101CN

Abstract

Dietary triggers are commonly reported by patients with a variety of headaches, particularly those with migraines. The presence of any specific dietary trigger in migraine patients varies from 10 to 64 % depending on study population and methodology. Some foods trigger headache within an hour while others develop within 12 h post ingestion. Alcohol (especially red wine and beer), chocolate, caffeine, dairy products such as aged cheese, food preservatives with nitrates and nitrites, monosodium glutamate (MSG), and artificial sweeteners such as aspartame have all been studied as migraine triggers in the past. This review focuses the evidence linking these compounds to headache and examines the prevalence of these triggers from prior population-based studies. Recent literature surrounding headache related to fasting and weight loss as well as elimination diets based on serum food antibody testing will also be summarized to help physicians recommend low-risk, non-pharmacological adjunctive therapies for patients with debilitating headaches.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Neurology, University of British Columbia, 8219-2775 Laurel Street, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1M9, Canada.Division of Neurology, University of British Columbia, 8219-2775 Laurel Street, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1M9, Canada.Division of Neurology, University of British Columbia, 8219-2775 Laurel Street, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1M9, Canada. esma.dilli@vch.ca.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27714637

Citation

Zaeem, Zoya, et al. "Headaches: a Review of the Role of Dietary Factors." Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports, vol. 16, no. 11, 2016, p. 101.
Zaeem Z, Zhou L, Dilli E. Headaches: a Review of the Role of Dietary Factors. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2016;16(11):101.
Zaeem, Z., Zhou, L., & Dilli, E. (2016). Headaches: a Review of the Role of Dietary Factors. Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports, 16(11), p. 101.
Zaeem Z, Zhou L, Dilli E. Headaches: a Review of the Role of Dietary Factors. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2016;16(11):101. PubMed PMID: 27714637.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Headaches: a Review of the Role of Dietary Factors. AU - Zaeem,Zoya, AU - Zhou,Lily, AU - Dilli,Esma, PY - 2016/10/8/entrez PY - 2016/10/8/pubmed PY - 2017/8/9/medline KW - Biogenic amines KW - Caffeine KW - Dietary triggers KW - Elimination diets KW - Headaches KW - Migraines SP - 101 EP - 101 JF - Current neurology and neuroscience reports JO - Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep VL - 16 IS - 11 N2 - Dietary triggers are commonly reported by patients with a variety of headaches, particularly those with migraines. The presence of any specific dietary trigger in migraine patients varies from 10 to 64 % depending on study population and methodology. Some foods trigger headache within an hour while others develop within 12 h post ingestion. Alcohol (especially red wine and beer), chocolate, caffeine, dairy products such as aged cheese, food preservatives with nitrates and nitrites, monosodium glutamate (MSG), and artificial sweeteners such as aspartame have all been studied as migraine triggers in the past. This review focuses the evidence linking these compounds to headache and examines the prevalence of these triggers from prior population-based studies. Recent literature surrounding headache related to fasting and weight loss as well as elimination diets based on serum food antibody testing will also be summarized to help physicians recommend low-risk, non-pharmacological adjunctive therapies for patients with debilitating headaches. SN - 1534-6293 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27714637/full_citation L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11910-016-0702-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -