Comparison of the risk of non-traumatic lower extremity amputation between haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients with end-stage renal disease.Nephrology (Carlton). 2018 Jan; 23(1):86-92.N
We used insurance claims data of Taiwan to compare the risk of non-traumatic lower extremity amputation between haemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.
We identified 77 669 HD patients and 10 035 PD patients without prior amputation from 2000 to 2010. Incidence rates and hazard ratios (HRs) of lower extremity amputation, and subsequent 30-day mortality after amputation were evaluated up to 31 December 2011.
There were 2427 and 216 patients undergoing lower extremity amputation during follow-up in the HD and PD groups with incidence rates of 8.35 and 5.79 per 1000 person-years, respectively. Compared with the HD group, the overall adjusted HR of lower extremity amputation for the PD group was 1.27 (95% CI = 1.10-1.46). The impact of diabetes status on the risk of lower extremity amputation interacted with dialysis modality significantly (P < 0.001). Compared with the corresponding HD patients, the PD patients with diabetes had an adjusted HR of 1.44 (95% CI = 1.24-1.67) for amputation, whereas those without diabetes had an adjusted HR of 0.58 (95% CI = 0.36-0.95). The subsequent 30-day mortality rates after amputation were not significantly different between the HD and PD groups (8.45% vs. 9.72%) with an adjusted odds ratio of 1.41 (95% CI = 0.87-2.28, PD versus HD).
Compared with corresponding HD patients, the amputation risk is higher for PD patients with diabetes, while the risk is lower for PD patients without diabetes. Dialysis patients have a high 30-day mortality risk after amputation.