Esophagogastric Junction Morphology and Distal Esophageal Acid Exposure.Dig Dis Sci. 2016 12; 61(12):3537-3544.DD
The Chicago classification has recently added a morphological subclassification for the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). Our aim was to assess the distal esophageal acid exposure in patients with this new Chicago EGJ-type IIIa and IIIb classification.
From a prospectively collected high-resolution manometry (HRM) database, we identified patients who underwent 24-h pH study between October 2011 and June 2015 and were diagnosed with EGJ-type III based on HRM. Chicago EGJ-type III is defined as the inter-peak nadir pressure ≤gastric pressure and a lower esophageal sphincter (LES)-crural diaphragm (CD) separation >2 cm [IIIa-pressure inversion point (PIP) remains at CD level and IIIb-PIP remains at LES level]. We classified the patients into reflux group [DeMeester score >14.72 or Fraction time pH (<4) > 4.2 %] and non-reflux group based on 24-h pH study.
Fifty patients were identified that satisfied the study criteria, of which 37 patients (74 %) were EGJ-type IIIa. In those with EGJ-type IIIb, abdominal LES length (AL) in reflux group was significantly shorter than the non-reflux group (0.8 vs. 1.8, p < 0.05). EGJ-type IIIa patients showed significantly higher value for DeMeester score and Fraction time pH and more often had a positive pH study than EGJ-type IIIb patients (DeMeester score: 26.7 vs. 11.7, p < 0.05; Fraction time pH: 7.9 vs. 2.6, p < 0.05; positive pH study: 81.1 vs. 30.8 %, p < 0.001). Reflux was more common in LES-CD ≥ 3 cm than that in LES-CD < 3 cm (85 vs. 56.7 %, p < 0.05).
A subset of patients with >2-cm LES-CD separation (type IIIb) maintain a physiological intra-abdominal location of the EGJ and are less likely to have reflux. A LES-CD ≥ 3 cm seems to discern a hiatus hernia of clinical significance.