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Dietary intakes and diet quality according to levels of organic food consumption by French adults: cross-sectional findings from the NutriNet-Santé Cohort Study.
Public Health Nutr. 2017 03; 20(4):638-648.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We aimed to assess dietary profiles of adults from the NutriNet-Santé cohort according to different levels of organic food consumption using detailed self-reported data on organic food intakes.

DESIGN

Food intakes were obtained using an organic food frequency questionnaire (Org-FFQ). The participants were ranked into five groups (quintiles, Q) according to the proportion of organic foods in their diet. To determine diet quality, two scores were computed reflecting adherence to food-based recommendations (mPNNS-GS) and the probability of adequate nutrient intake (PANDiet). Relationships between levels of organic food consumption and dietary characteristics were assessed using multivariable-adjusted ANCOVA models.

SETTING

The NutriNet-Santé Study.

SUBJECTS

French adults from the NutriNet-Santé Study (n 28 245).

RESULTS

Intakes of foods of plant origin increased along with the contribution of organic foods to the diet while a reverse trend was identified for dairy products, cookies and soda (P-trend<0·0001). The diet quality scores increased from Q1 (mPNNS-GS, 7·89 (se 0·02); PANDiet: 63·04 (se 0·11)) to Q5 (mPNNS-GS, 8·78 (se 0·02); PANDiet, 69·37 (se 0·10)). Overall, high organic food consumers exhibited better diet quality, although intermediate organic food consumers showed better adherence to specific nutritional recommendations related to animal products.

CONCLUSIONS

The study provides new insights into the understanding of organic food consumption as a part of a healthy diet and sheds some light on the dietary profiles of different categories of organic food consumers. These results underline strong dietary behaviour correlates associated with organic food consumption that should be controlled for in future aetiological studies on organic foods and health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.3Nutrition, Obésité et Risque Thrombotique (NORT),Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM),UMR S 1062,Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) 1260,Aix Marseille Université,Marseille,France.1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Observational Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27731291

Citation

Baudry, Julia, et al. "Dietary Intakes and Diet Quality According to Levels of Organic Food Consumption By French Adults: Cross-sectional Findings From the NutriNet-Santé Cohort Study." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 20, no. 4, 2017, pp. 638-648.
Baudry J, Allès B, Péneau S, et al. Dietary intakes and diet quality according to levels of organic food consumption by French adults: cross-sectional findings from the NutriNet-Santé Cohort Study. Public Health Nutr. 2017;20(4):638-648.
Baudry, J., Allès, B., Péneau, S., Touvier, M., Méjean, C., Hercberg, S., Galan, P., Lairon, D., & Kesse-Guyot, E. (2017). Dietary intakes and diet quality according to levels of organic food consumption by French adults: cross-sectional findings from the NutriNet-Santé Cohort Study. Public Health Nutrition, 20(4), 638-648. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980016002718
Baudry J, et al. Dietary Intakes and Diet Quality According to Levels of Organic Food Consumption By French Adults: Cross-sectional Findings From the NutriNet-Santé Cohort Study. Public Health Nutr. 2017;20(4):638-648. PubMed PMID: 27731291.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary intakes and diet quality according to levels of organic food consumption by French adults: cross-sectional findings from the NutriNet-Santé Cohort Study. AU - Baudry,Julia, AU - Allès,Benjamin, AU - Péneau,Sandrine, AU - Touvier,Mathilde, AU - Méjean,Caroline, AU - Hercberg,Serge, AU - Galan,Pilar, AU - Lairon,Denis, AU - Kesse-Guyot,Emmanuelle, Y1 - 2016/10/12/ PY - 2016/10/13/pubmed PY - 2018/3/6/medline PY - 2016/10/13/entrez KW - Diet quality index KW - Dietary intakes KW - Dietary profiles KW - Organic foods KW - Sustainable food SP - 638 EP - 648 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 20 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess dietary profiles of adults from the NutriNet-Santé cohort according to different levels of organic food consumption using detailed self-reported data on organic food intakes. DESIGN: Food intakes were obtained using an organic food frequency questionnaire (Org-FFQ). The participants were ranked into five groups (quintiles, Q) according to the proportion of organic foods in their diet. To determine diet quality, two scores were computed reflecting adherence to food-based recommendations (mPNNS-GS) and the probability of adequate nutrient intake (PANDiet). Relationships between levels of organic food consumption and dietary characteristics were assessed using multivariable-adjusted ANCOVA models. SETTING: The NutriNet-Santé Study. SUBJECTS: French adults from the NutriNet-Santé Study (n 28 245). RESULTS: Intakes of foods of plant origin increased along with the contribution of organic foods to the diet while a reverse trend was identified for dairy products, cookies and soda (P-trend<0·0001). The diet quality scores increased from Q1 (mPNNS-GS, 7·89 (se 0·02); PANDiet: 63·04 (se 0·11)) to Q5 (mPNNS-GS, 8·78 (se 0·02); PANDiet, 69·37 (se 0·10)). Overall, high organic food consumers exhibited better diet quality, although intermediate organic food consumers showed better adherence to specific nutritional recommendations related to animal products. CONCLUSIONS: The study provides new insights into the understanding of organic food consumption as a part of a healthy diet and sheds some light on the dietary profiles of different categories of organic food consumers. These results underline strong dietary behaviour correlates associated with organic food consumption that should be controlled for in future aetiological studies on organic foods and health. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27731291/Dietary_intakes_and_diet_quality_according_to_levels_of_organic_food_consumption_by_French_adults:_cross_sectional_findings_from_the_NutriNet_Santé_Cohort_Study_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980016002718/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -