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Nutritional interventions or exposures in infants and children aged up to 3 years and their effects on subsequent risk of overweight, obesity and body fat: a systematic review of systematic reviews.
Obes Rev. 2016 12; 17(12):1245-1257.OR

Abstract

This study, performed as part of the international EarlyNutrition research project (http://www.project-earlynutrition.eu), provides a systematic review of systematic reviews on the effects of nutritional interventions or exposures in children (up to 3 years of age) on the subsequent risk of obesity, overweight and adiposity. Electronic databases (including MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library) were searched up until September 2015. Forty systematic reviews were included. A consistent association of breastfeeding with a modest reduction in the risk of later overweight and obesity in childhood and adulthood was found (the odds decreased by 13% based on high-quality studies), but residual confounding cannot be excluded. Lowering the protein content of infant formula is a promising intervention to reduce the risk of later overweight and obesity in children. There is no consistent evidence of an association of the age of introducing complementary foods, sugar-sweetened beverage or energy intake in early childhood with later overweight/obesity, but there are some indications of an association of protein intake during the complementary feeding period with later overweight/obesity. There was inadequate evidence to determine the effects of other nutritional interventions or exposures, including modifications of infant formula composition, fat intake or consumption of different food groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Paediatrics, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.Department of Paediatrics, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.Department of Paediatrics, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, Department of Pediatrics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.KCL Division of Women's Health, Women's Health Academic Centre, King's College London and Kings Health Partners, UK.MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit and NIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, UK.Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Division of Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Centre, München, Germany.VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, Department of Pediatrics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Department of Paediatrics, Emma Children's Hospital, Amsterdam Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Department of Paediatrics, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27749991

Citation

Patro-Gołąb, Bernadeta, et al. "Nutritional Interventions or Exposures in Infants and Children Aged Up to 3 Years and Their Effects On Subsequent Risk of Overweight, Obesity and Body Fat: a Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews." Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 17, no. 12, 2016, pp. 1245-1257.
Patro-Gołąb B, Zalewski BM, Kołodziej M, et al. Nutritional interventions or exposures in infants and children aged up to 3 years and their effects on subsequent risk of overweight, obesity and body fat: a systematic review of systematic reviews. Obes Rev. 2016;17(12):1245-1257.
Patro-Gołąb, B., Zalewski, B. M., Kołodziej, M., Kouwenhoven, S., Poston, L., Godfrey, K. M., Koletzko, B., van Goudoever, J. B., & Szajewska, H. (2016). Nutritional interventions or exposures in infants and children aged up to 3 years and their effects on subsequent risk of overweight, obesity and body fat: a systematic review of systematic reviews. Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 17(12), 1245-1257. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12476
Patro-Gołąb B, et al. Nutritional Interventions or Exposures in Infants and Children Aged Up to 3 Years and Their Effects On Subsequent Risk of Overweight, Obesity and Body Fat: a Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews. Obes Rev. 2016;17(12):1245-1257. PubMed PMID: 27749991.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional interventions or exposures in infants and children aged up to 3 years and their effects on subsequent risk of overweight, obesity and body fat: a systematic review of systematic reviews. AU - Patro-Gołąb,Bernadeta, AU - Zalewski,Bartłomiej M, AU - Kołodziej,Maciej, AU - Kouwenhoven,Stefanie, AU - Poston,Lucilla, AU - Godfrey,Keith M, AU - Koletzko,Berthold, AU - van Goudoever,Johannes Bernard, AU - Szajewska,Hania, Y1 - 2016/10/17/ PY - 2016/07/09/received PY - 2016/08/29/revised PY - 2016/09/16/accepted PY - 2016/10/18/pubmed PY - 2017/10/3/medline PY - 2016/10/18/entrez KW - Nutrition KW - obesity KW - systematic review SP - 1245 EP - 1257 JF - Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity JO - Obes Rev VL - 17 IS - 12 N2 - This study, performed as part of the international EarlyNutrition research project (http://www.project-earlynutrition.eu), provides a systematic review of systematic reviews on the effects of nutritional interventions or exposures in children (up to 3 years of age) on the subsequent risk of obesity, overweight and adiposity. Electronic databases (including MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library) were searched up until September 2015. Forty systematic reviews were included. A consistent association of breastfeeding with a modest reduction in the risk of later overweight and obesity in childhood and adulthood was found (the odds decreased by 13% based on high-quality studies), but residual confounding cannot be excluded. Lowering the protein content of infant formula is a promising intervention to reduce the risk of later overweight and obesity in children. There is no consistent evidence of an association of the age of introducing complementary foods, sugar-sweetened beverage or energy intake in early childhood with later overweight/obesity, but there are some indications of an association of protein intake during the complementary feeding period with later overweight/obesity. There was inadequate evidence to determine the effects of other nutritional interventions or exposures, including modifications of infant formula composition, fat intake or consumption of different food groups. SN - 1467-789X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27749991/Nutritional_interventions_or_exposures_in_infants_and_children_aged_up_to_3_years_and_their_effects_on_subsequent_risk_of_overweight_obesity_and_body_fat:_a_systematic_review_of_systematic_reviews_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -