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The prevalence of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) in a representative sample of the German population.
BMC Psychiatry 2016; 16(1):353BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a proposed new "condition for further study" in the DSM-5. To date no prevalence data has been available on this diagnostic entity from a representative sample of the general population.

METHODS

A representative sample of the German population (N = 2509, mean age = 48.8 years, SD = 18.1, female 55.4 %) completed the NSSI section of the German version of the Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview (SITBI-G).

RESULTS

A history of NSSI at least once during lifetime was reported by 3.1 % of all participants, with higher lifetime prevalence rates in younger age groups. DSM-5 NSSI disorder criteria were met by 0.3 %. The most common function of NSSI was automatic negative reinforcement (e.g. to alleviate negative feelings).

CONCLUSIONS

To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study reporting rates for the proposed NSSI category in DSM-5 from a representative sample of the general population. In comparison to findings from community samples of adolescents, adults seem to have lower lifetime prevalence rates of NSSI, thus making it necessary to emphasize prevention and treatment efforts in younger age groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhoevelstr. 5, 89075, Ulm, Germany. paul.plener@uniklinik-ulm.de.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhoevelstr. 5, 89075, Ulm, Germany.Department for Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, Universität Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany. Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center, Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhoevelstr. 5, 89075, Ulm, Germany.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Steinhoevelstr. 5, 89075, Ulm, Germany.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27760537

Citation

Plener, Paul L., et al. "The Prevalence of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) in a Representative Sample of the German Population." BMC Psychiatry, vol. 16, no. 1, 2016, p. 353.
Plener PL, Allroggen M, Kapusta ND, et al. The prevalence of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) in a representative sample of the German population. BMC Psychiatry. 2016;16(1):353.
Plener, P. L., Allroggen, M., Kapusta, N. D., Brähler, E., Fegert, J. M., & Groschwitz, R. C. (2016). The prevalence of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) in a representative sample of the German population. BMC Psychiatry, 16(1), p. 353.
Plener PL, et al. The Prevalence of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) in a Representative Sample of the German Population. BMC Psychiatry. 2016 Oct 19;16(1):353. PubMed PMID: 27760537.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The prevalence of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) in a representative sample of the German population. AU - Plener,Paul L, AU - Allroggen,Marc, AU - Kapusta,Nestor D, AU - Brähler,Elmar, AU - Fegert,Jörg M, AU - Groschwitz,Rebecca C, Y1 - 2016/10/19/ PY - 2016/02/15/received PY - 2016/10/04/accepted PY - 2016/10/21/pubmed PY - 2017/6/6/medline PY - 2016/10/21/entrez KW - Germany KW - NSSI KW - Nonsuicidal Self-Injury KW - Self-harm KW - Self-injury SP - 353 EP - 353 JF - BMC psychiatry JO - BMC Psychiatry VL - 16 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a proposed new "condition for further study" in the DSM-5. To date no prevalence data has been available on this diagnostic entity from a representative sample of the general population. METHODS: A representative sample of the German population (N = 2509, mean age = 48.8 years, SD = 18.1, female 55.4 %) completed the NSSI section of the German version of the Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview (SITBI-G). RESULTS: A history of NSSI at least once during lifetime was reported by 3.1 % of all participants, with higher lifetime prevalence rates in younger age groups. DSM-5 NSSI disorder criteria were met by 0.3 %. The most common function of NSSI was automatic negative reinforcement (e.g. to alleviate negative feelings). CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study reporting rates for the proposed NSSI category in DSM-5 from a representative sample of the general population. In comparison to findings from community samples of adolescents, adults seem to have lower lifetime prevalence rates of NSSI, thus making it necessary to emphasize prevention and treatment efforts in younger age groups. SN - 1471-244X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27760537/The_prevalence_of_Nonsuicidal_Self_Injury__NSSI__in_a_representative_sample_of_the_German_population_ L2 - https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12888-016-1060-x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -