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Attitudes toward Bisexual Men and Women among a Nationally Representative Probability Sample of Adults in the United States.
PLoS One. 2016; 11(10):e0164430.Plos

Abstract

As bisexual individuals in the United States (U.S.) face significant health disparities, researchers have posited that these differences may be fueled, at least in part, by negative attitudes, prejudice, stigma, and discrimination toward bisexual individuals from heterosexual and gay/lesbian individuals. Previous studies of individual and social attitudes toward bisexual men and women have been conducted almost exclusively with convenience samples, with limited generalizability to the broader U.S.

POPULATION

Our study provides an assessment of attitudes toward bisexual men and women among a nationally representative probability sample of heterosexual, gay, lesbian, and other-identified adults in the U.S. Data were collected from the 2015 National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior (NSSHB), via an online questionnaire with a probability sample of adults (18 years and over) from throughout the U.S. We included two modified 5-item versions of the Bisexualities: Indiana Attitudes Scale (BIAS), validated sub-scales that were developed to measure attitudes toward bisexual men and women. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, gamma regression, and paired t-tests. Gender, sexual identity, age, race/ethnicity, income, and educational attainment were all significantly associated with participants' attitudes toward bisexual individuals. In terms of responses to individual scale items, participants were most likely to "neither agree nor disagree" with all attitudinal statements. Across sexual identities, self-identified other participants reported the most positive attitudes, while heterosexual male participants reported the least positive attitudes. As in previous research on convenience samples, we found a wide range of demographic characteristics were related with attitudes toward bisexual individuals in our nationally-representative study of heterosexual, gay/lesbian, and other-identified adults in the U.S. In particular, gender emerged as a significant characteristic; female participants' attitudes were more positive than male participants' attitudes, and all participants' attitudes were generally more positive toward bisexual women than bisexual men. While recent population data suggest a marked shift in more positive attitudes toward gay men and lesbian women in the general population of the U.S., the largest proportions of participants in our study reported a relative lack of agreement or disagreement with all affective-evaluative statements in the BIAS scales. Findings document the relative lack of positive attitudes toward bisexual individuals among the general population of adults in the U.S. and highlight the need for developing intervention approaches to promote more positive attitudes toward bisexual individuals, targeted toward not only heterosexual but also gay/lesbian individuals and communities.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Sexual Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America.Center for Sexual Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America.Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America.University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas, United States of America.Center for Sexual Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America.Department of Health Systems Science, School of Nursing, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America.Center for Sexual Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America.School of Social Work, Temple University, Philadelphia. Pennsylvania, United States of America.Center for Sexual Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America.Center for Sexual Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America.Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians & Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27783644

Citation

Dodge, Brian, et al. "Attitudes Toward Bisexual Men and Women Among a Nationally Representative Probability Sample of Adults in the United States." PloS One, vol. 11, no. 10, 2016, pp. e0164430.
Dodge B, Herbenick D, Friedman MR, et al. Attitudes toward Bisexual Men and Women among a Nationally Representative Probability Sample of Adults in the United States. PLoS One. 2016;11(10):e0164430.
Dodge, B., Herbenick, D., Friedman, M. R., Schick, V., Fu, T. J., Bostwick, W., Bartelt, E., Muñoz-Laboy, M., Pletta, D., Reece, M., & Sandfort, T. G. (2016). Attitudes toward Bisexual Men and Women among a Nationally Representative Probability Sample of Adults in the United States. PloS One, 11(10), e0164430. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0164430
Dodge B, et al. Attitudes Toward Bisexual Men and Women Among a Nationally Representative Probability Sample of Adults in the United States. PLoS One. 2016;11(10):e0164430. PubMed PMID: 27783644.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Attitudes toward Bisexual Men and Women among a Nationally Representative Probability Sample of Adults in the United States. AU - Dodge,Brian, AU - Herbenick,Debby, AU - Friedman,M Reuel, AU - Schick,Vanessa, AU - Fu,Tsung-Chieh Jane, AU - Bostwick,Wendy, AU - Bartelt,Elizabeth, AU - Muñoz-Laboy,Miguel, AU - Pletta,David, AU - Reece,Michael, AU - Sandfort,Theo G M, Y1 - 2016/10/26/ PY - 2016/07/04/received PY - 2016/09/26/accepted PY - 2016/10/27/pubmed PY - 2017/6/15/medline PY - 2016/10/27/entrez SP - e0164430 EP - e0164430 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 11 IS - 10 N2 - : As bisexual individuals in the United States (U.S.) face significant health disparities, researchers have posited that these differences may be fueled, at least in part, by negative attitudes, prejudice, stigma, and discrimination toward bisexual individuals from heterosexual and gay/lesbian individuals. Previous studies of individual and social attitudes toward bisexual men and women have been conducted almost exclusively with convenience samples, with limited generalizability to the broader U.S. POPULATION: Our study provides an assessment of attitudes toward bisexual men and women among a nationally representative probability sample of heterosexual, gay, lesbian, and other-identified adults in the U.S. Data were collected from the 2015 National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior (NSSHB), via an online questionnaire with a probability sample of adults (18 years and over) from throughout the U.S. We included two modified 5-item versions of the Bisexualities: Indiana Attitudes Scale (BIAS), validated sub-scales that were developed to measure attitudes toward bisexual men and women. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, gamma regression, and paired t-tests. Gender, sexual identity, age, race/ethnicity, income, and educational attainment were all significantly associated with participants' attitudes toward bisexual individuals. In terms of responses to individual scale items, participants were most likely to "neither agree nor disagree" with all attitudinal statements. Across sexual identities, self-identified other participants reported the most positive attitudes, while heterosexual male participants reported the least positive attitudes. As in previous research on convenience samples, we found a wide range of demographic characteristics were related with attitudes toward bisexual individuals in our nationally-representative study of heterosexual, gay/lesbian, and other-identified adults in the U.S. In particular, gender emerged as a significant characteristic; female participants' attitudes were more positive than male participants' attitudes, and all participants' attitudes were generally more positive toward bisexual women than bisexual men. While recent population data suggest a marked shift in more positive attitudes toward gay men and lesbian women in the general population of the U.S., the largest proportions of participants in our study reported a relative lack of agreement or disagreement with all affective-evaluative statements in the BIAS scales. Findings document the relative lack of positive attitudes toward bisexual individuals among the general population of adults in the U.S. and highlight the need for developing intervention approaches to promote more positive attitudes toward bisexual individuals, targeted toward not only heterosexual but also gay/lesbian individuals and communities. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27783644/Attitudes_toward_Bisexual_Men_and_Women_among_a_Nationally_Representative_Probability_Sample_of_Adults_in_the_United_States_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0164430 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -