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Oral microbiota carriage in patients with multibracket appliance in relation to the quality of oral hygiene.
Head Face Med. 2016 Oct 28; 12(1):28.HF

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of oral microbiota (Candida species (spp.), Streptococcus mutans, and Lactobacilli) in patients with multibracket (MB) appliances in relation to the quality of oral hygiene. Saliva and plaque samples were collected from three groups of 25 patients each (good oral hygiene (GOH), poor oral hygiene (POH), and poor oral hygiene with white spot lesions (POH/WSL)). Counts of colony forming units (CFU) of the investigated oral microbiota were compared using Chi-square and Mann-Whitney U tests.

RESULTS

Both saliva and plaque samples showed a high prevalence of Candida spp. in all patients (saliva: 73.4 %, plaque: 60.9 %). The main Candida species was C. albicans. The salivary CFU of Candida spp. in the GOH group was significantly lower than that in the POH group (p = 0.045) and POH/WSL group (p = 0.011). S. mutans was found in the saliva and plaque samples of all patients. Lactobacilli were found in the saliva samples of all patients and in 90.7 % of the plaque samples. In the saliva samples, the CFU of Lactobacilli were more numerous in the POH and POH/WSL groups than in the GOH group (p = 0.047).

CONCLUSIONS

The investigated sample of patients showed a high carriage of oral Candida spp. Patients with WSL formation during MB appliance treatment exhibited higher counts of Candida and Lactobacilli compared with patients with good oral hygiene. Independent of oral hygiene quality, S. mutans was detected in all patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Orthodontics, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Schlangenzahl 14, 35392, Giessen, Germany. Katharina.Klaus@dentist.med.uni-giessen.de.Private orthodontic practice, Rosengasse 2, 35305, Grünberg, Germany.Private orthodontic practice, Marktgasse 2, 72070, Tübingen, Germany.Department of Orthodontics, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Schlangenzahl 14, 35392, Giessen, Germany.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27793169

Citation

Klaus, Katharina, et al. "Oral Microbiota Carriage in Patients With Multibracket Appliance in Relation to the Quality of Oral Hygiene." Head & Face Medicine, vol. 12, no. 1, 2016, p. 28.
Klaus K, Eichenauer J, Sprenger R, et al. Oral microbiota carriage in patients with multibracket appliance in relation to the quality of oral hygiene. Head Face Med. 2016;12(1):28.
Klaus, K., Eichenauer, J., Sprenger, R., & Ruf, S. (2016). Oral microbiota carriage in patients with multibracket appliance in relation to the quality of oral hygiene. Head & Face Medicine, 12(1), 28.
Klaus K, et al. Oral Microbiota Carriage in Patients With Multibracket Appliance in Relation to the Quality of Oral Hygiene. Head Face Med. 2016 Oct 28;12(1):28. PubMed PMID: 27793169.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Oral microbiota carriage in patients with multibracket appliance in relation to the quality of oral hygiene. AU - Klaus,Katharina, AU - Eichenauer,Johanna, AU - Sprenger,Rhea, AU - Ruf,Sabine, Y1 - 2016/10/28/ PY - 2016/05/23/received PY - 2016/10/18/accepted PY - 2016/10/30/pubmed PY - 2017/6/27/medline PY - 2016/10/30/entrez KW - Candida KW - Fixed appliance KW - Lactobacilli KW - Oral hygiene KW - Streptococcus mutans KW - White spot lesions SP - 28 EP - 28 JF - Head & face medicine JO - Head Face Med VL - 12 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of oral microbiota (Candida species (spp.), Streptococcus mutans, and Lactobacilli) in patients with multibracket (MB) appliances in relation to the quality of oral hygiene. Saliva and plaque samples were collected from three groups of 25 patients each (good oral hygiene (GOH), poor oral hygiene (POH), and poor oral hygiene with white spot lesions (POH/WSL)). Counts of colony forming units (CFU) of the investigated oral microbiota were compared using Chi-square and Mann-Whitney U tests. RESULTS: Both saliva and plaque samples showed a high prevalence of Candida spp. in all patients (saliva: 73.4 %, plaque: 60.9 %). The main Candida species was C. albicans. The salivary CFU of Candida spp. in the GOH group was significantly lower than that in the POH group (p = 0.045) and POH/WSL group (p = 0.011). S. mutans was found in the saliva and plaque samples of all patients. Lactobacilli were found in the saliva samples of all patients and in 90.7 % of the plaque samples. In the saliva samples, the CFU of Lactobacilli were more numerous in the POH and POH/WSL groups than in the GOH group (p = 0.047). CONCLUSIONS: The investigated sample of patients showed a high carriage of oral Candida spp. Patients with WSL formation during MB appliance treatment exhibited higher counts of Candida and Lactobacilli compared with patients with good oral hygiene. Independent of oral hygiene quality, S. mutans was detected in all patients. SN - 1746-160X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27793169/Oral_microbiota_carriage_in_patients_with_multibracket_appliance_in_relation_to_the_quality_of_oral_hygiene_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -