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Environmental Factors Correlated with the Metabolite Profile of Vitis vinifera cv. Pinot Noir Berry Skins along a European Latitudinal Gradient.
J Agric Food Chem. 2016 Nov 23; 64(46):8722-8734.JA

Abstract

Mature berries of Pinot Noir grapevines were sampled across a latitudinal gradient in Europe, from southern Spain to central Germany. Our aim was to study the influence of latitude-dependent environmental factors on the metabolite composition (mainly phenolic compounds) of berry skins. Solar radiation variables were positively correlated with flavonols and flavanonols and, to a lesser extent, with stilbenes and cinnamic acids. The daily means of global and erythematic UV solar radiation over long periods (bud break-veraison, bud break-harvest, and veraison-harvest), and the doses and daily means in shorter development periods (5-10 days before veraison and harvest) were the variables best correlated with the phenolic profile. The ratio between trihydroxylated and monohydroxylated flavonols, which was positively correlated with antioxidant capacity, was the berry skin variable best correlated with those radiation variables. Total flavanols and total anthocyanins did not show any correlation with radiation variables. Air temperature, degree days, rainfall, and aridity indices showed fewer correlations with metabolite contents than radiation. Moreover, the latter correlations were restricted to the period veraison-harvest, where radiation, temperature, and water availability variables were correlated, making it difficult to separate the possible individual effects of each type of variable. The data show that managing environmental factors, in particular global and UV radiation, through cultural practices during specific development periods, can be useful to promote the synthesis of valuable nutraceuticals and metabolites that influence wine quality.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Science and Technology, University of La Rioja , Madre de Dios 53, 26006 Logroño (La Rioja), Spain.Department of Agriculture - Food and Environment, and Interdepartmental Research Center Nutrafood "Nutraceuticals and Food for Health", University of Pisa , via del Borghetto 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy.Institute of Biology, University of Pécs , Ifjúság u. 6, 7624 Pécs, Hungary.Institute of Biology, University of Pécs , Ifjúság u. 6, 7624 Pécs, Hungary.Institute of Biology, University of Pécs , Ifjúság u. 6, 7624 Pécs, Hungary. Research Institute for Viticulture and Oenology, University of Pécs , Pázmány P. u. 4, 7634 Pécs, Hungary.School of Biological, Environmental and Earth Sciences, University College Cork , College Road, Cork, Ireland.Agricultural and Forestry Institute of Nova Gorica , Pri hrastu 18, 5270 Nova Gorica, Slovenia.Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Girona, Campus Montilivi , Maria Aurèlia Capmany i Farnés 69, 17003 Girona, Spain.Institute of Biology, University of Pécs , Ifjúság u. 6, 7624 Pécs, Hungary.UMR 1287 EGFV, Bordeaux Sciences Agro, INRA, Université de Bordeaux, ISVV , 33882 Villenave d'Ornon, France.Faculty of Science and Technology, University of La Rioja , Madre de Dios 53, 26006 Logroño (La Rioja), Spain.Department Plant Quality, Leibniz-Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops Grossbeeren/Erfurt e.V. , Theodor-Echtermeyer-Weg 1, 14979 Grossbeeren, Germany.Global Change Research Institute CAS , v.v.i, Bělidla 986/4a, 60300 Brno, Czech Republic.Department of Agriculture - Food and Environment, and Interdepartmental Research Center Nutrafood "Nutraceuticals and Food for Health", University of Pisa , via del Borghetto 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy.Department of Crop Sciences, BOKU - University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences , Konrad-Lorenz-Strasse 24, 3430 Tulln, Austria.Department Plant Quality, Leibniz-Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops Grossbeeren/Erfurt e.V. , Theodor-Echtermeyer-Weg 1, 14979 Grossbeeren, Germany.Faculty of Science and Technology, University of La Rioja , Madre de Dios 53, 26006 Logroño (La Rioja), Spain.Research Institute for Viticulture and Oenology, University of Pécs , Pázmány P. u. 4, 7634 Pécs, Hungary.Institute for General and Organic Viticulture, Geisenheim University , Von-Lade-Strasse 1, 65366 Geisenheim, Germany.Global Change Research Institute CAS , v.v.i, Bělidla 986/4a, 60300 Brno, Czech Republic.Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Girona, Campus Montilivi , Maria Aurèlia Capmany i Farnés 69, 17003 Girona, Spain.Institute of Biometeorology - National Research Council , Via Caproni 8, 50144 Firenze, Italy.Faculty of Science and Technology, University of La Rioja , Madre de Dios 53, 26006 Logroño (La Rioja), Spain.Faculty of Science and Technology, University of La Rioja , Madre de Dios 53, 26006 Logroño (La Rioja), Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27794599

Citation

Del-Castillo-Alonso, María Ángeles, et al. "Environmental Factors Correlated With the Metabolite Profile of Vitis Vinifera Cv. Pinot Noir Berry Skins Along a European Latitudinal Gradient." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 64, no. 46, 2016, pp. 8722-8734.
Del-Castillo-Alonso MÁ, Castagna A, Csepregi K, et al. Environmental Factors Correlated with the Metabolite Profile of Vitis vinifera cv. Pinot Noir Berry Skins along a European Latitudinal Gradient. J Agric Food Chem. 2016;64(46):8722-8734.
Del-Castillo-Alonso, M. Á., Castagna, A., Csepregi, K., Hideg, É., Jakab, G., Jansen, M. A., Jug, T., Llorens, L., Mátai, A., Martínez-Lüscher, J., Monforte, L., Neugart, S., Olejnickova, J., Ranieri, A., Schödl-Hummel, K., Schreiner, M., Soriano, G., Teszlák, P., Tittmann, S., ... Núñez-Olivera, E. (2016). Environmental Factors Correlated with the Metabolite Profile of Vitis vinifera cv. Pinot Noir Berry Skins along a European Latitudinal Gradient. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 64(46), 8722-8734.
Del-Castillo-Alonso MÁ, et al. Environmental Factors Correlated With the Metabolite Profile of Vitis Vinifera Cv. Pinot Noir Berry Skins Along a European Latitudinal Gradient. J Agric Food Chem. 2016 Nov 23;64(46):8722-8734. PubMed PMID: 27794599.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Environmental Factors Correlated with the Metabolite Profile of Vitis vinifera cv. Pinot Noir Berry Skins along a European Latitudinal Gradient. AU - Del-Castillo-Alonso,María Ángeles, AU - Castagna,Antonella, AU - Csepregi,Kristóf, AU - Hideg,Éva, AU - Jakab,Gabor, AU - Jansen,Marcel A K, AU - Jug,Tjaša, AU - Llorens,Laura, AU - Mátai,Anikó, AU - Martínez-Lüscher,Johann, AU - Monforte,Laura, AU - Neugart,Susanne, AU - Olejnickova,Julie, AU - Ranieri,Annamaria, AU - Schödl-Hummel,Katharina, AU - Schreiner,Monika, AU - Soriano,Gonzalo, AU - Teszlák,Péter, AU - Tittmann,Susanne, AU - Urban,Otmar, AU - Verdaguer,Dolors, AU - Zipoli,Gaetano, AU - Martínez-Abaigar,Javier, AU - Núñez-Olivera,Encarnación, Y1 - 2016/11/10/ PY - 2016/11/1/pubmed PY - 2017/6/3/medline PY - 2016/11/1/entrez KW - Europe KW - Vitis vinifera cv. Pinot Noir KW - berry skins KW - hydroxylation ratios KW - latitudinal gradient KW - phenolic composition KW - solar radiation KW - ultraviolet radiation SP - 8722 EP - 8734 JF - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry JO - J Agric Food Chem VL - 64 IS - 46 N2 - Mature berries of Pinot Noir grapevines were sampled across a latitudinal gradient in Europe, from southern Spain to central Germany. Our aim was to study the influence of latitude-dependent environmental factors on the metabolite composition (mainly phenolic compounds) of berry skins. Solar radiation variables were positively correlated with flavonols and flavanonols and, to a lesser extent, with stilbenes and cinnamic acids. The daily means of global and erythematic UV solar radiation over long periods (bud break-veraison, bud break-harvest, and veraison-harvest), and the doses and daily means in shorter development periods (5-10 days before veraison and harvest) were the variables best correlated with the phenolic profile. The ratio between trihydroxylated and monohydroxylated flavonols, which was positively correlated with antioxidant capacity, was the berry skin variable best correlated with those radiation variables. Total flavanols and total anthocyanins did not show any correlation with radiation variables. Air temperature, degree days, rainfall, and aridity indices showed fewer correlations with metabolite contents than radiation. Moreover, the latter correlations were restricted to the period veraison-harvest, where radiation, temperature, and water availability variables were correlated, making it difficult to separate the possible individual effects of each type of variable. The data show that managing environmental factors, in particular global and UV radiation, through cultural practices during specific development periods, can be useful to promote the synthesis of valuable nutraceuticals and metabolites that influence wine quality. SN - 1520-5118 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27794599/Environmental_Factors_Correlated_with_the_Metabolite_Profile_of_Vitis_vinifera_cv__Pinot_Noir_Berry_Skins_along_a_European_Latitudinal_Gradient_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.6b03272 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -