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Questionnaire study to gain an insight into the manufacturing and fitting process of artificial eyes in children: an ocularist perspective.

Abstract

PURPOSE

To gain an insight into the manufacturing and fitting of artificial eyes in children and potential improvements to the process.

METHOD

An online qualitative survey was distributed to 39 ocularists/prosthetists in Europe and Canada. Participants were recruited through purposive sampling, specifically maximum variation sampling from the researcher's contacts and an online search.

RESULTS

The findings highlighted the current impression technique as being the most difficult yet most important part of the current process for both the ocularist and child patient. Negatively affecting obtaining a good impression, the child patients distress can be reduced by their parents by providing encouragement, reassurance, practicing the insertion and removal of the artificial eye and being matter of fact. Whilst improvements to the current process provided mixed views, the incorporation of current technology was perceived as not being able to meet the requirements to produce aesthetically pleasing artificial eyes.

CONCLUSION

The current artificial eye process can be seen as an interaction with its success being dependent on the child patient's acceptance and adjustment which is dependent on the factors associated to the process. Investigation into the needs of the patient and whether technology can improve the process are the next steps in its advancement.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Psychology Research Centre, Faculty of Science & Technology, Bournemouth University, P104, Poole House, Talbot Campus, Fern Barrow, Poole, Dorset, BH12 5BB, UK. hchinnery@bournemouth.ac.uk.

    ,

    Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology, Psychology Research Centre, Faculty of Science & Technology, Bournemouth University, Poole, UK.

    ,

    Design Simulation Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Design and Engineering, Bournemouth University, Poole, UK.

    ,

    Research & Professional Practice and Principal Academic, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Design and Engineering, Bournemouth University, Poole, UK.

    Public Health/Health Visiting, Faculty of Health and Social Science, Department of Nursing and Clinical Science, Bournemouth University, Poole, UK.

    Source

    International ophthalmology 37:5 2017 Oct pg 1175-1183

    MeSH

    Canada
    Child
    Delivery of Health Care
    Europe
    Eye, Artificial
    Humans
    Ophthalmology
    Patient Satisfaction
    Prosthesis Fitting
    Surveys and Questionnaires

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Multicenter Study

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    27796730

    Citation

    Chinnery, Holly, et al. "Questionnaire Study to Gain an Insight Into the Manufacturing and Fitting Process of Artificial Eyes in Children: an Ocularist Perspective." International Ophthalmology, vol. 37, no. 5, 2017, pp. 1175-1183.
    Chinnery H, Thompson SBN, Noroozi S, et al. Questionnaire study to gain an insight into the manufacturing and fitting process of artificial eyes in children: an ocularist perspective. Int Ophthalmol. 2017;37(5):1175-1183.
    Chinnery, H., Thompson, S. B. N., Noroozi, S., Dyer, B., & Rees, K. (2017). Questionnaire study to gain an insight into the manufacturing and fitting process of artificial eyes in children: an ocularist perspective. International Ophthalmology, 37(5), pp. 1175-1183. doi:10.1007/s10792-016-0383-4.
    Chinnery H, et al. Questionnaire Study to Gain an Insight Into the Manufacturing and Fitting Process of Artificial Eyes in Children: an Ocularist Perspective. Int Ophthalmol. 2017;37(5):1175-1183. PubMed PMID: 27796730.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Questionnaire study to gain an insight into the manufacturing and fitting process of artificial eyes in children: an ocularist perspective. AU - Chinnery,Holly, AU - Thompson,Simon B N, AU - Noroozi,Siamak, AU - Dyer,Bryce, AU - Rees,Karen, Y1 - 2016/10/28/ PY - 2016/10/12/received PY - 2016/10/18/accepted PY - 2016/11/1/pubmed PY - 2019/4/9/medline PY - 2016/11/1/entrez KW - Artificial eyes KW - Child healthcare KW - Healthcare KW - Prosthetic eyes SP - 1175 EP - 1183 JF - International ophthalmology JO - Int Ophthalmol VL - 37 IS - 5 N2 - PURPOSE: To gain an insight into the manufacturing and fitting of artificial eyes in children and potential improvements to the process. METHOD: An online qualitative survey was distributed to 39 ocularists/prosthetists in Europe and Canada. Participants were recruited through purposive sampling, specifically maximum variation sampling from the researcher's contacts and an online search. RESULTS: The findings highlighted the current impression technique as being the most difficult yet most important part of the current process for both the ocularist and child patient. Negatively affecting obtaining a good impression, the child patients distress can be reduced by their parents by providing encouragement, reassurance, practicing the insertion and removal of the artificial eye and being matter of fact. Whilst improvements to the current process provided mixed views, the incorporation of current technology was perceived as not being able to meet the requirements to produce aesthetically pleasing artificial eyes. CONCLUSION: The current artificial eye process can be seen as an interaction with its success being dependent on the child patient's acceptance and adjustment which is dependent on the factors associated to the process. Investigation into the needs of the patient and whether technology can improve the process are the next steps in its advancement. SN - 1573-2630 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27796730/Questionnaire_study_to_gain_an_insight_into_the_manufacturing_and_fitting_process_of_artificial_eyes_in_children:_an_ocularist_perspective L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10792-016-0383-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -