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The Influence of Maternal Personality and Risk Factors for Impaired Mother-Infant Bonding on Breastfeeding Duration.
Breastfeed Med. 2016 12; 11:532-537.BM

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Throughout the world, in delivery departments having the accreditation "Baby-Friendly Hospital," breastfeeding is encouraged upon delivery. Numerous studies have been carried out to assess the relationship between breastfeeding and socioeconomic, psychosocial, and perinatal factors.

AIM

To explore the influence of maternal personality and mother-infant bonding impairment on breastfeeding duration according to the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations.

METHODS

Written informed consent was obtained from mothers whose children were patients in a primary pediatric practice in Croatia. The mothers had stopped breastfeeding, and 303 of them were included in the research. The study was performed using validated instruments for the assessment of personality traits and mother-infant bonding impairment risk factors. Structured questionnaires were used for the examination of basic sociodemographics, breastfeeding duration, and the most common and relevant perinatal factors.

RESULTS

Significant positive correlations were found with the personality traits of "openness" and "agreeableness" (p = 0.008, p = 0.002), while "neuroticism" was significantly negatively correlated with breastfeeding duration (p = 0.047). Twin pregnancy was the only perinatal factor influencing the discontinuation of breastfeeding before the end of the 6-month period (p < 0.001). In regression analysis, "anxiety about care" as a bonding impairment remained the most important risk factor influencing the minimally recommended breastfeeding duration (odds ratio [OR] 0.78; 95% confidence interval, 0.65 - 0.94).

CONCLUSION

It is important to conduct further studies to explore whether the early identification of at-risk mothers, and the availability of psychological support in the immediate postpartum period, would allow them to benefit from these interventions and, thus, address breastfeeding duration.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Unit of Obstetrics and Gynecology, General Hospital Varazdin , Varazdin, Croatia .2 Psychiatry Clinic, Clinical Hospital Centre Zagreb , Zagreb, Croatia .3 Private Pediatric Practice Giovana Armano , Zagreb, Croatia .

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Observational Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27805427

Citation

Keller, Neike, et al. "The Influence of Maternal Personality and Risk Factors for Impaired Mother-Infant Bonding On Breastfeeding Duration." Breastfeeding Medicine : the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, vol. 11, 2016, pp. 532-537.
Keller N, Medved V, Armano G. The Influence of Maternal Personality and Risk Factors for Impaired Mother-Infant Bonding on Breastfeeding Duration. Breastfeed Med. 2016;11:532-537.
Keller, N., Medved, V., & Armano, G. (2016). The Influence of Maternal Personality and Risk Factors for Impaired Mother-Infant Bonding on Breastfeeding Duration. Breastfeeding Medicine : the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, 11, 532-537.
Keller N, Medved V, Armano G. The Influence of Maternal Personality and Risk Factors for Impaired Mother-Infant Bonding On Breastfeeding Duration. Breastfeed Med. 2016;11:532-537. PubMed PMID: 27805427.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Influence of Maternal Personality and Risk Factors for Impaired Mother-Infant Bonding on Breastfeeding Duration. AU - Keller,Neike, AU - Medved,Vesna, AU - Armano,Giovana, Y1 - 2016/11/02/ PY - 2016/11/3/pubmed PY - 2018/1/30/medline PY - 2016/11/3/entrez KW - breastfeeding duration KW - mother-infant bonding risk factors KW - perinatal factors KW - personality traits SP - 532 EP - 537 JF - Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine JO - Breastfeed Med VL - 11 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Throughout the world, in delivery departments having the accreditation "Baby-Friendly Hospital," breastfeeding is encouraged upon delivery. Numerous studies have been carried out to assess the relationship between breastfeeding and socioeconomic, psychosocial, and perinatal factors. AIM: To explore the influence of maternal personality and mother-infant bonding impairment on breastfeeding duration according to the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. METHODS: Written informed consent was obtained from mothers whose children were patients in a primary pediatric practice in Croatia. The mothers had stopped breastfeeding, and 303 of them were included in the research. The study was performed using validated instruments for the assessment of personality traits and mother-infant bonding impairment risk factors. Structured questionnaires were used for the examination of basic sociodemographics, breastfeeding duration, and the most common and relevant perinatal factors. RESULTS: Significant positive correlations were found with the personality traits of "openness" and "agreeableness" (p = 0.008, p = 0.002), while "neuroticism" was significantly negatively correlated with breastfeeding duration (p = 0.047). Twin pregnancy was the only perinatal factor influencing the discontinuation of breastfeeding before the end of the 6-month period (p < 0.001). In regression analysis, "anxiety about care" as a bonding impairment remained the most important risk factor influencing the minimally recommended breastfeeding duration (odds ratio [OR] 0.78; 95% confidence interval, 0.65 - 0.94). CONCLUSION: It is important to conduct further studies to explore whether the early identification of at-risk mothers, and the availability of psychological support in the immediate postpartum period, would allow them to benefit from these interventions and, thus, address breastfeeding duration. SN - 1556-8342 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27805427/The_Influence_of_Maternal_Personality_and_Risk_Factors_for_Impaired_Mother_Infant_Bonding_on_Breastfeeding_Duration_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -