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Pharmacological importance of sulphated polysaccharide carrageenan from red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii in comparison with commercial carrageenan.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2016 Dec; 84:1300-1312.BP

Abstract

Pharmacological properties of native carrageenan (κ) extracted from Kappaphycus alvarezii and commercial carrageenan (Sigma-Aldrich) were evaluated using in vitro antioxidant, anticancer and antidiabetic studies. Phytochemical analysis of native and commercial carrageenans showed the presence of alkaloids, saponins, steroids, gums & mucilages and carbohydrate. Both native and commercial carrageenans exhibited better antioxidant activities such as total antioxidant capacity (87±0.47 and 82.6±0.47μg A.A/g), hydroxyl radical scavenging activity (61.4±0.27 and 58.66±0.31μg/ml), nitric oxide radical scavenging activity (80.42±0.22 and 73.66±0.22μg/ml), DPPH radical scavenging activity (56.26±0.20 and 53.67±0.082μg/ml) and reducing power assay (46.57±0.32 and 42.54±0.27μg/ml) at the maximum concentration of 100μg/ml carrageenans. These results indicated that native carrageenan from K. alvarezii possessed better antioxidant potential in comparison with commercial carrageenan. Anticancer activities of both carrageenans showed excellent inhibition on the growth of breast, colon, liver and osteosarcoma cell lines at the maximum concentration of 150μg/ml. Native carrageenan exhibited an excellent anticancer activity on colon carcinoma cell lines (67.66±0.168%) with the IC50 value of 73.87μg/ml and commercial carrageenan possessed a potent inhibition on the growth of breast cancer cell lines (67.33±0.077%) with the IC50 value of 123.8μg/ml. These results clearly indicated the beneficial effect of native and commercial carrageenans as anticancer agents being a free radical scavenger. Anti-diabetic property of both carrageenans showed inhibition effect on α- glucosidase enzyme. The inhibitory effect depends on concentration of carrageenans and it was recorded that maximum (74.49±1.05 and 67.42±0.63) inhibitory effect of α- glucosidase enzyme at 500μg/ml concentration.

Authors+Show Affiliations

MNP laboratory, Centre for Marine Science and Technology, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Rajakkamangalam-629502, Tamilnadu, India.MNP laboratory, Centre for Marine Science and Technology, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Rajakkamangalam-629502, Tamilnadu, India.Department of Animal Science, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli-627012, India.Department of Animal Science, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli-627012, India.MNP laboratory, Centre for Marine Science and Technology, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Rajakkamangalam-629502, Tamilnadu, India. Electronic address: gimmas@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27810787

Citation

Suganya, Arumugampillai Manimehalai, et al. "Pharmacological Importance of Sulphated Polysaccharide Carrageenan From Red Seaweed Kappaphycus Alvarezii in Comparison With Commercial Carrageenan." Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & Pharmacotherapie, vol. 84, 2016, pp. 1300-1312.
Suganya AM, Sanjivkumar M, Chandran MN, et al. Pharmacological importance of sulphated polysaccharide carrageenan from red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii in comparison with commercial carrageenan. Biomed Pharmacother. 2016;84:1300-1312.
Suganya, A. M., Sanjivkumar, M., Chandran, M. N., Palavesam, A., & Immanuel, G. (2016). Pharmacological importance of sulphated polysaccharide carrageenan from red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii in comparison with commercial carrageenan. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & Pharmacotherapie, 84, 1300-1312. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2016.10.067
Suganya AM, et al. Pharmacological Importance of Sulphated Polysaccharide Carrageenan From Red Seaweed Kappaphycus Alvarezii in Comparison With Commercial Carrageenan. Biomed Pharmacother. 2016;84:1300-1312. PubMed PMID: 27810787.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pharmacological importance of sulphated polysaccharide carrageenan from red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii in comparison with commercial carrageenan. AU - Suganya,Arumugampillai Manimehalai, AU - Sanjivkumar,Muthusamy, AU - Chandran,Manohar Navin, AU - Palavesam,Arunachalam, AU - Immanuel,Grasian, Y1 - 2016/10/29/ PY - 2016/07/11/received PY - 2016/10/03/revised PY - 2016/10/17/accepted PY - 2016/11/5/pubmed PY - 2017/2/14/medline PY - 2016/11/5/entrez KW - Antidiabetic KW - Antioxidant KW - Carrageenan KW - Cell lines KW - Kappaphycus alvarezii KW - α-Glucosidase SP - 1300 EP - 1312 JF - Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie JO - Biomed Pharmacother VL - 84 N2 - Pharmacological properties of native carrageenan (κ) extracted from Kappaphycus alvarezii and commercial carrageenan (Sigma-Aldrich) were evaluated using in vitro antioxidant, anticancer and antidiabetic studies. Phytochemical analysis of native and commercial carrageenans showed the presence of alkaloids, saponins, steroids, gums & mucilages and carbohydrate. Both native and commercial carrageenans exhibited better antioxidant activities such as total antioxidant capacity (87±0.47 and 82.6±0.47μg A.A/g), hydroxyl radical scavenging activity (61.4±0.27 and 58.66±0.31μg/ml), nitric oxide radical scavenging activity (80.42±0.22 and 73.66±0.22μg/ml), DPPH radical scavenging activity (56.26±0.20 and 53.67±0.082μg/ml) and reducing power assay (46.57±0.32 and 42.54±0.27μg/ml) at the maximum concentration of 100μg/ml carrageenans. These results indicated that native carrageenan from K. alvarezii possessed better antioxidant potential in comparison with commercial carrageenan. Anticancer activities of both carrageenans showed excellent inhibition on the growth of breast, colon, liver and osteosarcoma cell lines at the maximum concentration of 150μg/ml. Native carrageenan exhibited an excellent anticancer activity on colon carcinoma cell lines (67.66±0.168%) with the IC50 value of 73.87μg/ml and commercial carrageenan possessed a potent inhibition on the growth of breast cancer cell lines (67.33±0.077%) with the IC50 value of 123.8μg/ml. These results clearly indicated the beneficial effect of native and commercial carrageenans as anticancer agents being a free radical scavenger. Anti-diabetic property of both carrageenans showed inhibition effect on α- glucosidase enzyme. The inhibitory effect depends on concentration of carrageenans and it was recorded that maximum (74.49±1.05 and 67.42±0.63) inhibitory effect of α- glucosidase enzyme at 500μg/ml concentration. SN - 1950-6007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27810787/Pharmacological_importance_of_sulphated_polysaccharide_carrageenan_from_red_seaweed_Kappaphycus_alvarezii_in_comparison_with_commercial_carrageenan_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -