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Dance therapy improves motor and cognitive functions in patients with Parkinson's disease.
NeuroRehabilitation. 2017; 40(1):141-144.N

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To explore the effects of Dance Therapy (DT) and Traditional Rehabilitation (TR) on both motor and cognitive domains in Parkinson's Disease patients (PD) with postural instability.

METHODS

Sixteen PD patients with recent history of falls were divided in two groups (Dance Therapy, DT and Traditional Rehabilitation, TR); nine patients received 1-hour DT classes twice per week, completing 20 lessons within 10 weeks; seven patients received a similar cycle of 20 group sessions of 60 minutes TR. Motor (Berg Balance Scale - BBS, Gait Dynamic Index - GDI, Timed Up and Go Test - TUG, 4 Square-Step Test - 4SST, 6-Minute Walking Test - 6MWT) and cognitive measures (Frontal Assessment Battery - FAB, Trail Making Test A & B - TMT A&B, Stroop Test) were tested at baseline, after the treatment completion and after 8-week follow-up.

RESULTS

In the DT group, but not in the TR group, motor and cognitive outcomes significantly improved after treatment and retained after follow-up. Significant changes were found for 6MWT (p = 0.028), TUG (p = 0.007), TMT-A (p = 0.014) and TMT-B (p = 0.036).

CONCLUSIONS

DT is an unconventional physical therapy for PD patients which effectively impacts on motor (endurance and risk of falls) and non-motor functions (executive functions).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.Department of Surgical and Microsurgical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.Department of Surgical and Microsurgical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.Department of Surgical and Microsurgical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27814308

Citation

de Natale, Edoardo Rosario, et al. "Dance Therapy Improves Motor and Cognitive Functions in Patients With Parkinson's Disease." NeuroRehabilitation, vol. 40, no. 1, 2017, pp. 141-144.
de Natale ER, Paulus KS, Aiello E, et al. Dance therapy improves motor and cognitive functions in patients with Parkinson's disease. NeuroRehabilitation. 2017;40(1):141-144.
de Natale, E. R., Paulus, K. S., Aiello, E., Sanna, B., Manca, A., Sotgiu, G., Leali, P. T., & Deriu, F. (2017). Dance therapy improves motor and cognitive functions in patients with Parkinson's disease. NeuroRehabilitation, 40(1), 141-144. https://doi.org/10.3233/NRE-161399
de Natale ER, et al. Dance Therapy Improves Motor and Cognitive Functions in Patients With Parkinson's Disease. NeuroRehabilitation. 2017;40(1):141-144. PubMed PMID: 27814308.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dance therapy improves motor and cognitive functions in patients with Parkinson's disease. AU - de Natale,Edoardo Rosario, AU - Paulus,Kai Stephan, AU - Aiello,Elena, AU - Sanna,Battistina, AU - Manca,Andrea, AU - Sotgiu,Giovanni, AU - Leali,Paolo Tranquilli, AU - Deriu,Franca, PY - 2016/11/5/pubmed PY - 2017/5/30/medline PY - 2016/11/5/entrez KW - Parkinson’s disease KW - Rehabilitation KW - dance therapy KW - executive functions SP - 141 EP - 144 JF - NeuroRehabilitation JO - NeuroRehabilitation VL - 40 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of Dance Therapy (DT) and Traditional Rehabilitation (TR) on both motor and cognitive domains in Parkinson's Disease patients (PD) with postural instability. METHODS: Sixteen PD patients with recent history of falls were divided in two groups (Dance Therapy, DT and Traditional Rehabilitation, TR); nine patients received 1-hour DT classes twice per week, completing 20 lessons within 10 weeks; seven patients received a similar cycle of 20 group sessions of 60 minutes TR. Motor (Berg Balance Scale - BBS, Gait Dynamic Index - GDI, Timed Up and Go Test - TUG, 4 Square-Step Test - 4SST, 6-Minute Walking Test - 6MWT) and cognitive measures (Frontal Assessment Battery - FAB, Trail Making Test A & B - TMT A&B, Stroop Test) were tested at baseline, after the treatment completion and after 8-week follow-up. RESULTS: In the DT group, but not in the TR group, motor and cognitive outcomes significantly improved after treatment and retained after follow-up. Significant changes were found for 6MWT (p = 0.028), TUG (p = 0.007), TMT-A (p = 0.014) and TMT-B (p = 0.036). CONCLUSIONS: DT is an unconventional physical therapy for PD patients which effectively impacts on motor (endurance and risk of falls) and non-motor functions (executive functions). SN - 1878-6448 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27814308/Dance_therapy_improves_motor_and_cognitive_functions_in_patients_with_Parkinson's_disease_ L2 - https://content.iospress.com/openurl?genre=article&id=doi:10.3233/NRE-161399 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -