Fluorinated Beta-diketo Phosphorus Ylides Are Novel Efflux Pump Inhibitors in Bacteria.In Vivo. 2016 11-12; 30(6):813-817.V
One of the most important resistance mechanisms in bacteria is the increased expression of multidrug efflux pumps. To combat efflux-related resistance, the development of new efflux pump inhibitors is essential.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Ten phosphorus ylides were compared based on their MDR-reverting activity in multidrug efflux pump system consisting of the subunits acridine-resistance proteins A and B (AcrA and AcrB) and the multidrug efflux pump outer membrane factor TolC (TolC) of Escherichia coli K-12 AG100 strain and its AcrAB-TolC-deleted strain. Efflux inhibition was assessed by real-time fluorimetry and the inhibition of quorum sensing (QS) was also investigated. The relative gene expression of efflux QS genes was determined by real-time reverse transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction.
The most potent derivative was Ph3P=C(COC2F5)CHO and its effect was more pronounced on the AcrAB-TolC-expressing E. coli strain, furthermore the most active compounds, Ph3P=C(COCF3)OMe, Ph3P=C(COC2F5)CHO and Ph3P=C(COCF3)COMe, reduced the expression of efflux pump and QS genes.
Phosphorus ylides might be valuable EPI compounds to reverse efflux related MDR in bacteria.