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Tris (1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate-induced apoptotic signaling pathways in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.
Neurotoxicology. 2017 01; 58:1-10.N

Abstract

Tris (1, 3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP, also known as TDCPP), an extensively used flame retardant, is frequently detected in the environment and biota. Recent studies have shown that TDCIPP has neurotoxic effects. In this study, we determined the mechanisms of TDCIPP-induced neurotoxicity in human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells. By using morphological examination, flow cytometry, and mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔYm) measurement, we confirmed that exposure to TDCIPP caused apoptosis accompanied by the activation of apoptosis-related genes (e.g. Bax and Bcl-2) and caspase 3 protein in SH-SY5Y cells. Increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and intracellular calcium ions ([Ca2+]i) were also observed in TDCIPP-treated SH-SY5Y cells. Exposure to TDCIPP led to the activation of protein markers of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, including eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2a subunit (p-EIF2a), activation transcription factor (ATF4), glucose-regulated protein (GRP78), and the proapoptotic factor C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP). To determine the role of the ER in apoptosis, phenyl butyric acid (PBA), an ER stress inhibitor, was applied. Treatment with PBA effectively attenuated TDCIPP-induced ER stress and protected against apoptotic death in SH-SY5Y cells by inhibition of Bax expression and promotion of Bcl-2 expression. Furthermore, we found that pretreatment of the cells with the ROS scavenger N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) inhibited the ER stress response and prevented apoptosis. The combination of PBA and NAC pretreatment could further prevent TDCIPP induced ER-stress and apoptotic death compared with PBA or NAC pretreatment alone. Thus, in the present study, we demonstrated that TDCIPP induces cytotoxicity through a ROS-dependent mechanism involving ER stress and activation of mitochondrial apoptotic pathways in SH-SY5Y cells.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Resource and Environmental Science, Hubei Biomass-Resource Chemistry and Environmental Biotechnology Key Laboratory, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, China.School of Resource and Environmental Science, Hubei Biomass-Resource Chemistry and Environmental Biotechnology Key Laboratory, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China. Electronic address: zhoupj@whu.edu.cn.State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, China.Department of Biological Science, College of Science, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, 16419, South Korea, South Korea.State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, China. Electronic address: bszhou@ihb.ac.cn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27816613

Citation

Li, Ruiwen, et al. "Tris (1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) Phosphate-induced Apoptotic Signaling Pathways in SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells." Neurotoxicology, vol. 58, 2017, pp. 1-10.
Li R, Zhou P, Guo Y, et al. Tris (1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate-induced apoptotic signaling pathways in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. Neurotoxicology. 2017;58:1-10.
Li, R., Zhou, P., Guo, Y., Lee, J. S., & Zhou, B. (2017). Tris (1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate-induced apoptotic signaling pathways in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. Neurotoxicology, 58, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuro.2016.10.018
Li R, et al. Tris (1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) Phosphate-induced Apoptotic Signaling Pathways in SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells. Neurotoxicology. 2017;58:1-10. PubMed PMID: 27816613.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Tris (1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate-induced apoptotic signaling pathways in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. AU - Li,Ruiwen, AU - Zhou,Peijiang, AU - Guo,Yongyong, AU - Lee,Jae-Seong, AU - Zhou,Bingsheng, Y1 - 2016/11/02/ PY - 2016/06/12/received PY - 2016/10/30/revised PY - 2016/10/31/accepted PY - 2016/11/7/pubmed PY - 2017/11/29/medline PY - 2016/11/7/entrez KW - Apoptosis signaling KW - Endoplasmic- reticulum stress KW - Reactive oxygen species KW - SH-SY5Y cells KW - TDCIPP SP - 1 EP - 10 JF - Neurotoxicology JO - Neurotoxicology VL - 58 N2 - Tris (1, 3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP, also known as TDCPP), an extensively used flame retardant, is frequently detected in the environment and biota. Recent studies have shown that TDCIPP has neurotoxic effects. In this study, we determined the mechanisms of TDCIPP-induced neurotoxicity in human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells. By using morphological examination, flow cytometry, and mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔYm) measurement, we confirmed that exposure to TDCIPP caused apoptosis accompanied by the activation of apoptosis-related genes (e.g. Bax and Bcl-2) and caspase 3 protein in SH-SY5Y cells. Increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and intracellular calcium ions ([Ca2+]i) were also observed in TDCIPP-treated SH-SY5Y cells. Exposure to TDCIPP led to the activation of protein markers of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, including eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2a subunit (p-EIF2a), activation transcription factor (ATF4), glucose-regulated protein (GRP78), and the proapoptotic factor C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP). To determine the role of the ER in apoptosis, phenyl butyric acid (PBA), an ER stress inhibitor, was applied. Treatment with PBA effectively attenuated TDCIPP-induced ER stress and protected against apoptotic death in SH-SY5Y cells by inhibition of Bax expression and promotion of Bcl-2 expression. Furthermore, we found that pretreatment of the cells with the ROS scavenger N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) inhibited the ER stress response and prevented apoptosis. The combination of PBA and NAC pretreatment could further prevent TDCIPP induced ER-stress and apoptotic death compared with PBA or NAC pretreatment alone. Thus, in the present study, we demonstrated that TDCIPP induces cytotoxicity through a ROS-dependent mechanism involving ER stress and activation of mitochondrial apoptotic pathways in SH-SY5Y cells. SN - 1872-9711 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27816613/Tris__13_dichloro_2_propyl__phosphate_induced_apoptotic_signaling_pathways_in_SH_SY5Y_neuroblastoma_cells_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0161-813X(16)30224-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -