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Epidemiological study: Correlation between diet habits and constipation among elderly in Beijing region.
World J Gastroenterol 2016; 22(39):8806-8811WJ

Abstract

AIM

To investigate correlations between diet and prevalence of constipation among elderly people in Beijing.

METHODS

A total of 2776 (≥ 60 years) were selected in Beijing region for investigation. Data regarding constipation and diet habits was collected via hierarchical status, segmentation and random cluster sampling. Investigation included constipation-related demographic indicators and diet habits. Door-to-door questionnaires and surveys included daily staple food intakes, frequency of fish, egg, fruits and vegetables consumption. Constipation was defined according to the China Chronic Constipation Diagnosis and Treatment Guideline (2013), with the following constipation judgment indicators: decreased defecation frequency, dry and hard stool, and difficulty in defecation.

RESULTS

The prevalence of constipation among elderly people in Beijing region was 13%. There was a positive correlation between prevalence of constipation and age, but negative correlations between prevalence of constipation and staple food, fish and dietary fibres (fruits and vegetables) intakes. These differences were all statistically significant.

CONCLUSION

The prevalence of elderly constipation in Beijing region is closely related to diet habits, and is significantly decreased by high staple foods intake, fish eating and high dietary fibres (fruits and vegetables) consumption.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Xiao-Jiao Yang, Amanda Gabriel, McGill University, 845 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 0G4, Canada.Xiao-Jiao Yang, Amanda Gabriel, McGill University, 845 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 0G4, Canada.Xiao-Jiao Yang, Amanda Gabriel, McGill University, 845 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 0G4, Canada.Xiao-Jiao Yang, Amanda Gabriel, McGill University, 845 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 0G4, Canada.Xiao-Jiao Yang, Amanda Gabriel, McGill University, 845 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 0G4, Canada.Xiao-Jiao Yang, Amanda Gabriel, McGill University, 845 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 0G4, Canada.Xiao-Jiao Yang, Amanda Gabriel, McGill University, 845 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 0G4, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Observational Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27818596

Citation

Yang, Xiao-Jiao, et al. "Epidemiological Study: Correlation Between Diet Habits and Constipation Among Elderly in Beijing Region." World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 22, no. 39, 2016, pp. 8806-8811.
Yang XJ, Zhang M, Zhu HM, et al. Epidemiological study: Correlation between diet habits and constipation among elderly in Beijing region. World J Gastroenterol. 2016;22(39):8806-8811.
Yang, X. J., Zhang, M., Zhu, H. M., Tang, Z., Zhao, D. D., Li, B. Y., & Gabriel, A. (2016). Epidemiological study: Correlation between diet habits and constipation among elderly in Beijing region. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 22(39), pp. 8806-8811.
Yang XJ, et al. Epidemiological Study: Correlation Between Diet Habits and Constipation Among Elderly in Beijing Region. World J Gastroenterol. 2016 Oct 21;22(39):8806-8811. PubMed PMID: 27818596.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiological study: Correlation between diet habits and constipation among elderly in Beijing region. AU - Yang,Xiao-Jiao, AU - Zhang,Mei, AU - Zhu,Hong-Ming, AU - Tang,Zhe, AU - Zhao,Dan-Dan, AU - Li,Bang-Yi, AU - Gabriel,Amanda, PY - 2016/07/27/received PY - 2016/08/19/revised PY - 2016/09/12/accepted PY - 2016/11/8/entrez PY - 2016/11/8/pubmed PY - 2017/6/28/medline KW - Constipation KW - Diet KW - Elderly KW - Epidemiology KW - Factors KW - Prevalence SP - 8806 EP - 8811 JF - World journal of gastroenterology JO - World J. Gastroenterol. VL - 22 IS - 39 N2 - AIM: To investigate correlations between diet and prevalence of constipation among elderly people in Beijing. METHODS: A total of 2776 (≥ 60 years) were selected in Beijing region for investigation. Data regarding constipation and diet habits was collected via hierarchical status, segmentation and random cluster sampling. Investigation included constipation-related demographic indicators and diet habits. Door-to-door questionnaires and surveys included daily staple food intakes, frequency of fish, egg, fruits and vegetables consumption. Constipation was defined according to the China Chronic Constipation Diagnosis and Treatment Guideline (2013), with the following constipation judgment indicators: decreased defecation frequency, dry and hard stool, and difficulty in defecation. RESULTS: The prevalence of constipation among elderly people in Beijing region was 13%. There was a positive correlation between prevalence of constipation and age, but negative correlations between prevalence of constipation and staple food, fish and dietary fibres (fruits and vegetables) intakes. These differences were all statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of elderly constipation in Beijing region is closely related to diet habits, and is significantly decreased by high staple foods intake, fish eating and high dietary fibres (fruits and vegetables) consumption. SN - 2219-2840 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27818596/full_citation L2 - http://www.wjgnet.com/1007-9327/full/v22/i39/8806.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -