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Recent Advances in the Understanding of Vestibular Migraine.
Behav Neurol. 2016; 2016:1801845.BN

Abstract

Approximately 1% of the general population and 10% of patients with migraine suffer from vestibular migraine (VM). However, this condition remains relatively unknown; therefore, it is often underdiagnosed despite the recent adoption of international diagnostic criteria for VM. The diagnosis of VM is based on the symptoms, degree, frequency, and duration of the vestibular episodes, a history of migraine, the temporal association of migraine symptoms with vestibular episodes in at least 50% of cases, and the exclusion of other causes. Physical examination and laboratory findings are usually normal in patients with VM but can be used to rule out other vestibular disorders with similar symptoms. The pathophysiology of VM remains incompletely understood; however, several mechanisms link the trigeminal system, which is activated during migraine attacks, and the vestibular system. Because few controlled trials have specifically investigated VM, the treatment options for this order are largely the same as those for migraine and include antiemetics for severe acute attacks, pharmacological migraine prophylaxis, and lifestyle changes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurology, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon-si, Gangwon-do, Republic of Korea.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27821976

Citation

Sohn, Jong-Hee. "Recent Advances in the Understanding of Vestibular Migraine." Behavioural Neurology, vol. 2016, 2016, p. 1801845.
Sohn JH. Recent Advances in the Understanding of Vestibular Migraine. Behav Neurol. 2016;2016:1801845.
Sohn, J. H. (2016). Recent Advances in the Understanding of Vestibular Migraine. Behavioural Neurology, 2016, 1801845.
Sohn JH. Recent Advances in the Understanding of Vestibular Migraine. Behav Neurol. 2016;2016:1801845. PubMed PMID: 27821976.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Recent Advances in the Understanding of Vestibular Migraine. A1 - Sohn,Jong-Hee, Y1 - 2016/10/16/ PY - 2016/03/30/received PY - 2016/09/05/revised PY - 2016/09/20/accepted PY - 2016/11/9/entrez PY - 2016/11/9/pubmed PY - 2017/3/3/medline SP - 1801845 EP - 1801845 JF - Behavioural neurology JO - Behav Neurol VL - 2016 N2 - Approximately 1% of the general population and 10% of patients with migraine suffer from vestibular migraine (VM). However, this condition remains relatively unknown; therefore, it is often underdiagnosed despite the recent adoption of international diagnostic criteria for VM. The diagnosis of VM is based on the symptoms, degree, frequency, and duration of the vestibular episodes, a history of migraine, the temporal association of migraine symptoms with vestibular episodes in at least 50% of cases, and the exclusion of other causes. Physical examination and laboratory findings are usually normal in patients with VM but can be used to rule out other vestibular disorders with similar symptoms. The pathophysiology of VM remains incompletely understood; however, several mechanisms link the trigeminal system, which is activated during migraine attacks, and the vestibular system. Because few controlled trials have specifically investigated VM, the treatment options for this order are largely the same as those for migraine and include antiemetics for severe acute attacks, pharmacological migraine prophylaxis, and lifestyle changes. SN - 1875-8584 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27821976/Recent_Advances_in_the_Understanding_of_Vestibular_Migraine_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -