[SENTIERI-ReNaM: Discussion and concluding remarks].Epidemiol Prev. 2016 Sep-Oct; 40(5Suppl1):105-108.EP
SENTIERI-ReNaM Project analysed the incidence of malignant mesothelioma (MM) for the period 2000-2011 in 39 National Priority Contaminated Sites (NPCSs), and assessed the overall impact of mesothelioma in different types of NPCSs. In the study period, 2,683 incident cases of malignant mesothelioma were recorded: 1,998 males (74.5%), 685 females (25.5%). Excluding cases with non attributable exposure and those non interviewed, exposure was identified in 1,926 cases (70% of all cases): 1,541 males (occupational exposure: 1,414; environmental exposure: 82), 385 females (occupational exposure: 103; environmental exposure: 141). Women experienced mainly environmental and domestic exposures to asbestos. Standard Incidence Ratio (SIR) excesses were observed in men in 27 out of 39 NPCSs and defects in the remaining 12; in women, 20 NPCSs showed SIR excesses, defects in 15; in 4 NPCSs no MM cases occurred among female population. The highest rates were found in NPCSs with asbestos-cement plants (Broni and Casale Monferrato), respectively, 98 per 100,000 per year and 68.6 in men, 72.1 and 45.8 in women. Excluding these two sites, the highest incidence rates were found in the group with harbours and shipyards, where the rates were, respectively, 13.2 among men and 2.5 among women. The results of this report will be communicated to national and local institutions, as well as to NPCSs resident populations.