Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Coral Reefs and People in a High-CO2 World: Where Can Science Make a Difference to People?
PLoS One. 2016; 11(11):e0164699.Plos

Abstract

REEFS AND PEOPLE AT RISK

Increasing levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere put shallow, warm-water coral reef ecosystems, and the people who depend upon them at risk from two key global environmental stresses: 1) elevated sea surface temperature (that can cause coral bleaching and related mortality), and 2) ocean acidification. These global stressors: cannot be avoided by local management, compound local stressors, and hasten the loss of ecosystem services. Impacts to people will be most grave where a) human dependence on coral reef ecosystems is high, b) sea surface temperature reaches critical levels soonest, and c) ocean acidification levels are most severe. Where these elements align, swift action will be needed to protect people's lives and livelihoods, but such action must be informed by data and science.

AN INDICATOR APPROACH

Designing policies to offset potential harm to coral reef ecosystems and people requires a better understanding of where CO2-related global environmental stresses could cause the most severe impacts. Mapping indicators has been proposed as a way of combining natural and social science data to identify policy actions even when the needed science is relatively nascent. To identify where people are at risk and where more science is needed, we map indicators of biological, physical and social science factors to understand how human dependence on coral reef ecosystems will be affected by globally-driven threats to corals expected in a high-CO2 world. Western Mexico, Micronesia, Indonesia and parts of Australia have high human dependence and will likely face severe combined threats. As a region, Southeast Asia is particularly at risk. Many of the countries most dependent upon coral reef ecosystems are places for which we have the least robust data on ocean acidification. These areas require new data and interdisciplinary scientific research to help coral reef-dependent human communities better prepare for a high CO2 world.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Université de Bretagne Occidentale, UMR6308 AMURE, IUEM, Plouzané, France.Université de Bretagne Occidentale, UMR6308 AMURE, IUEM, Plouzané, France.RSMAS/MBE, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, United States of America.University of California Davis, Policy Institute for Energy, Environment and the Economy, Davis, California, United States of America.Ocean Conservancy, Washington, D.C., United States of America.Natural Resources Defense Council, New York, New York, United States of America.The Nature Conservancy and the University of California, Santa Cruz, Ocean Sciences, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America.Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C., United States of America.James Cook University, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Townsville, Australia.Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America.Coral Reef Conservation Program, NOAA, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America.Ocean Acidification Program, NOAA, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America.Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites, Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America.NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Ocean Chemistry and Ecosystems Division, Miami, Florida, United States of America. Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, United States of America.Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.Oregon State University, College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America.National Wildlife Foundation, Washington, D.C., United States of America.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27828972

Citation

Pendleton, Linwood, et al. "Coral Reefs and People in a High-CO2 World: Where Can Science Make a Difference to People?" PloS One, vol. 11, no. 11, 2016, pp. e0164699.
Pendleton L, Comte A, Langdon C, et al. Coral Reefs and People in a High-CO2 World: Where Can Science Make a Difference to People? PLoS One. 2016;11(11):e0164699.
Pendleton, L., Comte, A., Langdon, C., Ekstrom, J. A., Cooley, S. R., Suatoni, L., Beck, M. W., Brander, L. M., Burke, L., Cinner, J. E., Doherty, C., Edwards, P. E., Gledhill, D., Jiang, L. Q., van Hooidonk, R. J., Teh, L., Waldbusser, G. G., & Ritter, J. (2016). Coral Reefs and People in a High-CO2 World: Where Can Science Make a Difference to People? PloS One, 11(11), e0164699. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0164699
Pendleton L, et al. Coral Reefs and People in a High-CO2 World: Where Can Science Make a Difference to People. PLoS One. 2016;11(11):e0164699. PubMed PMID: 27828972.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Coral Reefs and People in a High-CO2 World: Where Can Science Make a Difference to People? AU - Pendleton,Linwood, AU - Comte,Adrien, AU - Langdon,Chris, AU - Ekstrom,Julia A, AU - Cooley,Sarah R, AU - Suatoni,Lisa, AU - Beck,Michael W, AU - Brander,Luke M, AU - Burke,Lauretta, AU - Cinner,Josh E, AU - Doherty,Carolyn, AU - Edwards,Peter E T, AU - Gledhill,Dwight, AU - Jiang,Li-Qing, AU - van Hooidonk,Ruben J, AU - Teh,Louise, AU - Waldbusser,George G, AU - Ritter,Jessica, Y1 - 2016/11/09/ PY - 2016/04/29/received PY - 2016/09/29/accepted PY - 2016/11/10/entrez PY - 2016/11/10/pubmed PY - 2017/7/4/medline SP - e0164699 EP - e0164699 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 11 IS - 11 N2 - REEFS AND PEOPLE AT RISK: Increasing levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere put shallow, warm-water coral reef ecosystems, and the people who depend upon them at risk from two key global environmental stresses: 1) elevated sea surface temperature (that can cause coral bleaching and related mortality), and 2) ocean acidification. These global stressors: cannot be avoided by local management, compound local stressors, and hasten the loss of ecosystem services. Impacts to people will be most grave where a) human dependence on coral reef ecosystems is high, b) sea surface temperature reaches critical levels soonest, and c) ocean acidification levels are most severe. Where these elements align, swift action will be needed to protect people's lives and livelihoods, but such action must be informed by data and science. AN INDICATOR APPROACH: Designing policies to offset potential harm to coral reef ecosystems and people requires a better understanding of where CO2-related global environmental stresses could cause the most severe impacts. Mapping indicators has been proposed as a way of combining natural and social science data to identify policy actions even when the needed science is relatively nascent. To identify where people are at risk and where more science is needed, we map indicators of biological, physical and social science factors to understand how human dependence on coral reef ecosystems will be affected by globally-driven threats to corals expected in a high-CO2 world. Western Mexico, Micronesia, Indonesia and parts of Australia have high human dependence and will likely face severe combined threats. As a region, Southeast Asia is particularly at risk. Many of the countries most dependent upon coral reef ecosystems are places for which we have the least robust data on ocean acidification. These areas require new data and interdisciplinary scientific research to help coral reef-dependent human communities better prepare for a high CO2 world. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27828972/Coral_Reefs_and_People_in_a_High_CO2_World:_Where_Can_Science_Make_a_Difference_to_People L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0164699 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -