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Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults - United States, 2005-2015.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2016 Nov 11; 65(44):1205-1211.MM

Abstract

Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States, and cigarettes are the most commonly used tobacco product among U.S. adults (1,2). To assess progress toward achieving the Healthy People 2020 target of reducing the proportion of U.S. adults who smoke cigarettes to ≤12.0% (objective TU1.1),* CDC assessed the most recent national estimates of cigarette smoking prevalence among adults aged ≥18 years using data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The proportion of U.S. adults who smoke cigarettes declined from 20.9% in 2005 to 15.1% in 2015, and the proportion of daily smokers declined from 16.9% to 11.4%. However, disparities in cigarette smoking persist. In 2015, prevalence of cigarette smoking was higher among adults who were male; were aged 25-44 years; were American Indian/Alaska Native; had a General Education Development certificate (GED); lived below the federal poverty level; lived in the Midwest; were insured through Medicaid or were uninsured; had a disability/limitation; were lesbian, gay, or bisexual; or who had serious psychological distress. Proven population-based interventions, including tobacco price increases, comprehensive smoke-free laws, anti-tobacco mass media campaigns, and barrier-free access to tobacco cessation counseling and medications, are critical to reducing cigarette smoking and smoking-related disease and death among U.S. adults, particularly among subpopulations with the highest smoking prevalences (3).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC.Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC.Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC.Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC.Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC.Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27832052

Citation

Jamal, Ahmed, et al. "Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults - United States, 2005-2015." MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 65, no. 44, 2016, pp. 1205-1211.
Jamal A, King BA, Neff LJ, et al. Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults - United States, 2005-2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2016;65(44):1205-1211.
Jamal, A., King, B. A., Neff, L. J., Whitmill, J., Babb, S. D., & Graffunder, C. M. (2016). Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults - United States, 2005-2015. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 65(44), 1205-1211. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6544a2
Jamal A, et al. Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults - United States, 2005-2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2016 Nov 11;65(44):1205-1211. PubMed PMID: 27832052.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults - United States, 2005-2015. AU - Jamal,Ahmed, AU - King,Brian A, AU - Neff,Linda J, AU - Whitmill,Jennifer, AU - Babb,Stephen D, AU - Graffunder,Corinne M, Y1 - 2016/11/11/ PY - 2016/11/11/entrez PY - 2016/11/11/pubmed PY - 2017/1/14/medline SP - 1205 EP - 1211 JF - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report JO - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep VL - 65 IS - 44 N2 - Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States, and cigarettes are the most commonly used tobacco product among U.S. adults (1,2). To assess progress toward achieving the Healthy People 2020 target of reducing the proportion of U.S. adults who smoke cigarettes to ≤12.0% (objective TU1.1),* CDC assessed the most recent national estimates of cigarette smoking prevalence among adults aged ≥18 years using data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The proportion of U.S. adults who smoke cigarettes declined from 20.9% in 2005 to 15.1% in 2015, and the proportion of daily smokers declined from 16.9% to 11.4%. However, disparities in cigarette smoking persist. In 2015, prevalence of cigarette smoking was higher among adults who were male; were aged 25-44 years; were American Indian/Alaska Native; had a General Education Development certificate (GED); lived below the federal poverty level; lived in the Midwest; were insured through Medicaid or were uninsured; had a disability/limitation; were lesbian, gay, or bisexual; or who had serious psychological distress. Proven population-based interventions, including tobacco price increases, comprehensive smoke-free laws, anti-tobacco mass media campaigns, and barrier-free access to tobacco cessation counseling and medications, are critical to reducing cigarette smoking and smoking-related disease and death among U.S. adults, particularly among subpopulations with the highest smoking prevalences (3). SN - 1545-861X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27832052/Current_Cigarette_Smoking_Among_Adults___United_States_2005_2015_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6544a2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -