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Screening probiotic candidates for a mixture of probiotics to enhance the growth performance, immunity, and disease resistance of Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer (Bloch), against Aeromonas hydrophila.
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2017 Jan; 60:474-482.FS

Abstract

Six bacteria, including, Lactobacillus casei M15, Lac. plantarum D8, Lac. pentosus BD6, Lac. fermentum LW2, Enterococcus faecium 10-10, and Bacillus subtilis E20, and one yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae P13 were selected as probiotics for Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer, by tracking the growth performance and disease resistance of fish against Aeromonas hydrophila in the first trial. The probiotic efficiency screening results showed that B. subtilis E20 and Lac. pentosus BD6, and S. cerevisiae P13 and Lac. fermentum LW2 respectively improved either the growth performance or disease resistance. Therefore, these four probiotics were then selected to prepare a probiotics mixture, and this was incorporated in equal proportions into diets for Asian seabass at levels of 0 (control), and 106 (MD6), 107 (MD7), 108 (MD8), and 109 (MD9) colony-forming units (cfu) (kg diet)-1. A synergistic effect of the combined probiotics was investigated in this study, and the probiotics mixture was able to improve both the growth performance and health status of fish. After 56 days of feeding, fish fed the MD9 diet had a higher final weight and percentage of weight gain. In addition, protein contents in the dorsal muscle of fish fed the MD8 and MD9 diets were significantly higher compared to the control. For the pathogen challenge test, fish fed the MD7, MD8, and MD9 diets had significantly lower cumulative mortalities after A. hydrophila infection compared to those of fish fed the control and MD6 diets, which might have been due to increased respiratory bursts, decreased superoxide dismutase activity in leucocytes, and increased phagocytic activity. Therefore, we considered that the probiotics mixture could adequately provide probiotic efficiency for Asian seabass, and the diet containing 109 cfu (kg diet)-1 probiotic mixture is recommended to improve the growth and health status of Asian seabass.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Aquaculture, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung 91201, Taiwan, ROC.Department of Aquaculture, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung 91201, Taiwan, ROC.Department of Food Science, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung 91201, Taiwan, ROC.Freshwater Aquaculture Research Center, Fisheries Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Changhua, 50562, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address: shihling@mail.fwlk.tfrin.gov.tw.Department of Aquaculture, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung 91201, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address: chliu@mail.npust.edu.tw.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27838565

Citation

Lin, Hsueh-Li, et al. "Screening Probiotic Candidates for a Mixture of Probiotics to Enhance the Growth Performance, Immunity, and Disease Resistance of Asian Seabass, Lates Calcarifer (Bloch), Against Aeromonas Hydrophila." Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 60, 2017, pp. 474-482.
Lin HL, Shiu YL, Chiu CS, et al. Screening probiotic candidates for a mixture of probiotics to enhance the growth performance, immunity, and disease resistance of Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer (Bloch), against Aeromonas hydrophila. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2017;60:474-482.
Lin, H. L., Shiu, Y. L., Chiu, C. S., Huang, S. L., & Liu, C. H. (2017). Screening probiotic candidates for a mixture of probiotics to enhance the growth performance, immunity, and disease resistance of Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer (Bloch), against Aeromonas hydrophila. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 60, 474-482. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2016.11.026
Lin HL, et al. Screening Probiotic Candidates for a Mixture of Probiotics to Enhance the Growth Performance, Immunity, and Disease Resistance of Asian Seabass, Lates Calcarifer (Bloch), Against Aeromonas Hydrophila. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2017;60:474-482. PubMed PMID: 27838565.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Screening probiotic candidates for a mixture of probiotics to enhance the growth performance, immunity, and disease resistance of Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer (Bloch), against Aeromonas hydrophila. AU - Lin,Hsueh-Li, AU - Shiu,Ya-Li, AU - Chiu,Chiu-Shia, AU - Huang,Shih-Ling, AU - Liu,Chun-Hung, Y1 - 2016/11/09/ PY - 2016/08/31/received PY - 2016/11/04/revised PY - 2016/11/08/accepted PY - 2016/11/14/pubmed PY - 2017/3/28/medline PY - 2016/11/14/entrez KW - Asian seabass KW - Growth performance KW - Health status KW - Probiotic mixture SP - 474 EP - 482 JF - Fish & shellfish immunology JO - Fish Shellfish Immunol. VL - 60 N2 - Six bacteria, including, Lactobacillus casei M15, Lac. plantarum D8, Lac. pentosus BD6, Lac. fermentum LW2, Enterococcus faecium 10-10, and Bacillus subtilis E20, and one yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae P13 were selected as probiotics for Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer, by tracking the growth performance and disease resistance of fish against Aeromonas hydrophila in the first trial. The probiotic efficiency screening results showed that B. subtilis E20 and Lac. pentosus BD6, and S. cerevisiae P13 and Lac. fermentum LW2 respectively improved either the growth performance or disease resistance. Therefore, these four probiotics were then selected to prepare a probiotics mixture, and this was incorporated in equal proportions into diets for Asian seabass at levels of 0 (control), and 106 (MD6), 107 (MD7), 108 (MD8), and 109 (MD9) colony-forming units (cfu) (kg diet)-1. A synergistic effect of the combined probiotics was investigated in this study, and the probiotics mixture was able to improve both the growth performance and health status of fish. After 56 days of feeding, fish fed the MD9 diet had a higher final weight and percentage of weight gain. In addition, protein contents in the dorsal muscle of fish fed the MD8 and MD9 diets were significantly higher compared to the control. For the pathogen challenge test, fish fed the MD7, MD8, and MD9 diets had significantly lower cumulative mortalities after A. hydrophila infection compared to those of fish fed the control and MD6 diets, which might have been due to increased respiratory bursts, decreased superoxide dismutase activity in leucocytes, and increased phagocytic activity. Therefore, we considered that the probiotics mixture could adequately provide probiotic efficiency for Asian seabass, and the diet containing 109 cfu (kg diet)-1 probiotic mixture is recommended to improve the growth and health status of Asian seabass. SN - 1095-9947 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27838565/Screening_probiotic_candidates_for_a_mixture_of_probiotics_to_enhance_the_growth_performance_immunity_and_disease_resistance_of_Asian_seabass_Lates_calcarifer__Bloch__against_Aeromonas_hydrophila_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1050-4648(16)30721-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -