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Interpersonal violence and the prediction of short-term risk of repeat suicide attempt.
Sci Rep. 2016 11 14; 6:36892.SR

Abstract

In this multi-center cohort study, suicide attempters presenting to hospital (N = 355, 63% women) were interviewed using the Karolinska Interpersonal Violence Scale (KIVS) and followed-up by medical record review. Main outcome was non-fatal or fatal repeat suicide attempt within six months. Also, repeat attempt using a violent method was used as an additional outcome in separate analyses. Data were analyzed for the total group and for men and women separately. Repeat attempts were observed within six months in 78 persons (22%) and 21 (6%) of these used a violent method. KIVS total score of 6 or more was associated with repeat suicide attempt within six months (OR = 1.81, CI 1.08-3.02) and predicted new attempts with a sensitivity of 62% and a specificity of 53%. A three-fold increase in odds ratio was observed for repeat attempt using a violent method (OR = 3.40, CI 1.22-9.49). An association between exposure to violence in adulthood and violent reattempt was seen in women (OR = 1.38, CI 1.06-1.82). The overall conclusions are that information about interpersonal violence may help predict short-term risk for repeat suicide attempt, and that structured assessment of interpersonal violence may be of value in risk assessment after attempted suicide.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.Department of Clinical Science, University of Umeå, Sweden.Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Department of Clinical Science, University of Umeå, Sweden.Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, University of Göteborg, Sweden.Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27841333

Citation

Haglund, Axel, et al. "Interpersonal Violence and the Prediction of Short-term Risk of Repeat Suicide Attempt." Scientific Reports, vol. 6, 2016, p. 36892.
Haglund A, Lindh ÅU, Lysell H, et al. Interpersonal violence and the prediction of short-term risk of repeat suicide attempt. Sci Rep. 2016;6:36892.
Haglund, A., Lindh, Å. U., Lysell, H., Renberg, E. S., Jokinen, J., Waern, M., & Runeson, B. (2016). Interpersonal violence and the prediction of short-term risk of repeat suicide attempt. Scientific Reports, 6, 36892. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep36892
Haglund A, et al. Interpersonal Violence and the Prediction of Short-term Risk of Repeat Suicide Attempt. Sci Rep. 2016 11 14;6:36892. PubMed PMID: 27841333.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Interpersonal violence and the prediction of short-term risk of repeat suicide attempt. AU - Haglund,Axel, AU - Lindh,Åsa U, AU - Lysell,Henrik, AU - Renberg,Ellinor Salander, AU - Jokinen,Jussi, AU - Waern,Margda, AU - Runeson,Bo, Y1 - 2016/11/14/ PY - 2016/03/14/received PY - 2016/10/24/accepted PY - 2016/11/15/entrez PY - 2016/11/15/pubmed PY - 2018/5/22/medline SP - 36892 EP - 36892 JF - Scientific reports JO - Sci Rep VL - 6 N2 - In this multi-center cohort study, suicide attempters presenting to hospital (N = 355, 63% women) were interviewed using the Karolinska Interpersonal Violence Scale (KIVS) and followed-up by medical record review. Main outcome was non-fatal or fatal repeat suicide attempt within six months. Also, repeat attempt using a violent method was used as an additional outcome in separate analyses. Data were analyzed for the total group and for men and women separately. Repeat attempts were observed within six months in 78 persons (22%) and 21 (6%) of these used a violent method. KIVS total score of 6 or more was associated with repeat suicide attempt within six months (OR = 1.81, CI 1.08-3.02) and predicted new attempts with a sensitivity of 62% and a specificity of 53%. A three-fold increase in odds ratio was observed for repeat attempt using a violent method (OR = 3.40, CI 1.22-9.49). An association between exposure to violence in adulthood and violent reattempt was seen in women (OR = 1.38, CI 1.06-1.82). The overall conclusions are that information about interpersonal violence may help predict short-term risk for repeat suicide attempt, and that structured assessment of interpersonal violence may be of value in risk assessment after attempted suicide. SN - 2045-2322 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27841333/Interpersonal_violence_and_the_prediction_of_short_term_risk_of_repeat_suicide_attempt_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/srep36892 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -