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Trajectories of mothers' emotional availability: relations with infant temperament in predicting attachment security.
Attach Hum Dev. 2017 Feb; 19(1):38-57.AH

Abstract

The present study examined observations of parenting quality (mothers' emotional availability - EA) during infant bedtimes at 4 points across the infants' first year, assessing relations between levels and trajectories of EA and infant attachment at 12 months and the role of infant temperament in moderating these associations. The sample (N = 128) was predominantly Euro-American (82.5%) and at low socioeconomic risk. Latent growth curve modeling with latent basis coefficients indicated substantial individual differences in initial levels and slopes in EA trajectories across the first year. Both levels of maternal EA and EA trajectories across the first year predicted 12-month infant attachment security. Although maternal EA tended to decrease across the first year in the full sample, EA trajectories that showed a "bounce-back" between 6 and 12 months, suggesting more successful maternal adaptation to an expanding infant developmental repertoire, predicted greater infant security at 12 months. In addition, linkages between latent EA trajectories and 12-month attachment were moderated by 3-month infant temperamental reactivity and regulation. These findings indicate that infant attachment security is sensitive to both static and dynamic aspects of parenting quality across the first year, and that infant temperament can interact with both in predicting infant attachment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Department of Human Development and Family Studies , The Pennsylvania State University, College of Health and Human Development , University Park , PA , USA.a Department of Human Development and Family Studies , The Pennsylvania State University, College of Health and Human Development , University Park , PA , USA.b The Methodology Center, College of Health and Human Development , The Pennsylvania State University , University Park , PA , USA.a Department of Human Development and Family Studies , The Pennsylvania State University, College of Health and Human Development , University Park , PA , USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27852132

Citation

Kim, Bo-Ram, et al. "Trajectories of Mothers' Emotional Availability: Relations With Infant Temperament in Predicting Attachment Security." Attachment & Human Development, vol. 19, no. 1, 2017, pp. 38-57.
Kim BR, Chow SM, Bray B, et al. Trajectories of mothers' emotional availability: relations with infant temperament in predicting attachment security. Attach Hum Dev. 2017;19(1):38-57.
Kim, B. R., Chow, S. M., Bray, B., & Teti, D. M. (2017). Trajectories of mothers' emotional availability: relations with infant temperament in predicting attachment security. Attachment & Human Development, 19(1), 38-57.
Kim BR, et al. Trajectories of Mothers' Emotional Availability: Relations With Infant Temperament in Predicting Attachment Security. Attach Hum Dev. 2017;19(1):38-57. PubMed PMID: 27852132.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Trajectories of mothers' emotional availability: relations with infant temperament in predicting attachment security. AU - Kim,Bo-Ram, AU - Chow,Sy-Miin, AU - Bray,Bethany, AU - Teti,Douglas M, Y1 - 2016/11/16/ PY - 2016/11/18/pubmed PY - 2017/10/27/medline PY - 2016/11/18/entrez KW - Parenting trajectories KW - infant attachment security KW - infant temperament KW - maternal emotional availability SP - 38 EP - 57 JF - Attachment & human development JO - Attach Hum Dev VL - 19 IS - 1 N2 - The present study examined observations of parenting quality (mothers' emotional availability - EA) during infant bedtimes at 4 points across the infants' first year, assessing relations between levels and trajectories of EA and infant attachment at 12 months and the role of infant temperament in moderating these associations. The sample (N = 128) was predominantly Euro-American (82.5%) and at low socioeconomic risk. Latent growth curve modeling with latent basis coefficients indicated substantial individual differences in initial levels and slopes in EA trajectories across the first year. Both levels of maternal EA and EA trajectories across the first year predicted 12-month infant attachment security. Although maternal EA tended to decrease across the first year in the full sample, EA trajectories that showed a "bounce-back" between 6 and 12 months, suggesting more successful maternal adaptation to an expanding infant developmental repertoire, predicted greater infant security at 12 months. In addition, linkages between latent EA trajectories and 12-month attachment were moderated by 3-month infant temperamental reactivity and regulation. These findings indicate that infant attachment security is sensitive to both static and dynamic aspects of parenting quality across the first year, and that infant temperament can interact with both in predicting infant attachment. SN - 1469-2988 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27852132/Trajectories_of_mothers'_emotional_availability:_relations_with_infant_temperament_in_predicting_attachment_security_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14616734.2016.1252780 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -