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Past suicidal ideation as an independent risk factor for suicide behaviours in patients with depression.
Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract. 2017 Mar; 21(1):24-28.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

As South Korea has the highest incidence of completed suicides, the present study aimed to investigate the predictive power of the variables that have been associated with suicide attempts in Korean patients diagnosed with depression.

METHODS

Hundred participants were divided into two groups: suicide attempters (31%) and suicide non-attempters (69%). Participants with a history of more than one suicidal attempt were assigned to the suicide attempter group. A hierarchical logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the predictive strengths of the variables that were likely to be associated with suicide attempts.

RESULTS

After controlling for the effects of such variables as the severity of depressive symptoms, life stress events and impulsivity, the severity of past suicidal ideation was the most important predictive factor for discriminating suicide attempters from suicide non-attempters. The odds ratio for attempting suicide relative to not attempting suicide increased by a factor of 4.408 for each unit of increase in suicidal ideation.

CONCLUSIONS

The present study suggests that the most severe suicidal ideation throughout one's entire life should not be overlooked and may be a major predictor of the risk of suicide.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Department of Psychiatry , Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital , Anyang , South Korea. b Department of Psychology , Seoul National University , Seoul , South Korea.a Department of Psychiatry , Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital , Anyang , South Korea.a Department of Psychiatry , Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital , Anyang , South Korea.a Department of Psychiatry , Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital , Anyang , South Korea. c Hallym University Suicide and School Mental Health Institute , Anyang , South Korea.a Department of Psychiatry , Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital , Anyang , South Korea.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27854563

Citation

Park, Eun-Hee, et al. "Past Suicidal Ideation as an Independent Risk Factor for Suicide Behaviours in Patients With Depression." International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, vol. 21, no. 1, 2017, pp. 24-28.
Park EH, Hong N, Jon DI, et al. Past suicidal ideation as an independent risk factor for suicide behaviours in patients with depression. Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract. 2017;21(1):24-28.
Park, E. H., Hong, N., Jon, D. I., Hong, H. J., & Jung, M. H. (2017). Past suicidal ideation as an independent risk factor for suicide behaviours in patients with depression. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, 21(1), 24-28. https://doi.org/10.1080/13651501.2016.1249489
Park EH, et al. Past Suicidal Ideation as an Independent Risk Factor for Suicide Behaviours in Patients With Depression. Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract. 2017;21(1):24-28. PubMed PMID: 27854563.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Past suicidal ideation as an independent risk factor for suicide behaviours in patients with depression. AU - Park,Eun-Hee, AU - Hong,Narei, AU - Jon,Duk-In, AU - Hong,Hyun Ju, AU - Jung,Myung Hun, Y1 - 2016/11/17/ PY - 2016/11/18/pubmed PY - 2017/6/6/medline PY - 2016/11/18/entrez KW - Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale KW - Suicide attempt KW - depression KW - suicidal ideation SP - 24 EP - 28 JF - International journal of psychiatry in clinical practice JO - Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract VL - 21 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVES: As South Korea has the highest incidence of completed suicides, the present study aimed to investigate the predictive power of the variables that have been associated with suicide attempts in Korean patients diagnosed with depression. METHODS: Hundred participants were divided into two groups: suicide attempters (31%) and suicide non-attempters (69%). Participants with a history of more than one suicidal attempt were assigned to the suicide attempter group. A hierarchical logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the predictive strengths of the variables that were likely to be associated with suicide attempts. RESULTS: After controlling for the effects of such variables as the severity of depressive symptoms, life stress events and impulsivity, the severity of past suicidal ideation was the most important predictive factor for discriminating suicide attempters from suicide non-attempters. The odds ratio for attempting suicide relative to not attempting suicide increased by a factor of 4.408 for each unit of increase in suicidal ideation. CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that the most severe suicidal ideation throughout one's entire life should not be overlooked and may be a major predictor of the risk of suicide. SN - 1471-1788 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27854563/Past_suicidal_ideation_as_an_independent_risk_factor_for_suicide_behaviours_in_patients_with_depression_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13651501.2016.1249489 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -